Dutch roses - very beautiful flowerswho have received deserved love and respect from many admirers of these ornamental plants.
They are distinguished by their special grace and elegance, charm and grace. This is a kind of elite in the realm of flowers.
But gardeners who decide to decorate their garden with Dutch roses should remember that these exquisite beauties are very demanding and picky.
However, with proper patience and a competent approach, they can also be grown in your garden.
Most popular varieties
The climatic conditions of our country require a careful approach to the selection of plants for cultivation in the garden. But among the Dutch there are varieties that are successfully bred by Russian gardeners.
Perhaps the most sought after variety. It is a tall, voluminous bushes with buds of dark red color. Frost to - 15 degrees is quite on the shoulder of this hybrid.Variety Grand Prix
The flowers have a velvety, dark red color, even more likely closer to a rich scarlet tone. Petals have wavy edges.
Unlike most other roses, this variety likes half-shaded spots. But the absolute shadow will be disastrous.Freedom
This hybrid is characterized by unusually beautiful, bright yellow petals with small patches of cherry shade at the tips.
The bush is compact, highly resistant to rain, frost and disease.Mohan variety
Rose noble white and cream color, a luxurious decoration for any garden. Resistance to diseases and rain is average.
It refers to frost-resistant varieties, but already with a decrease in temperature below + 6 degrees it is necessary to provide her with shelter.Wendel variety
The flowers of this hybrid have a red-yellow color. Shrubs usually contain one bud, but may bloom and small tassels, up to 3-4 buds on the shoot.
The hybrid is characterized by extremely high winter hardiness and is practically not subject to diseases.Sort Hi Magic
Very unusual rose of greenish-white color, with volumetric buds. It blooms throughout the growing season until frost.
It has a kind of powdery mildew immunity.Grade Avalansh
Low curb rose, with flowers of bright pink hue. Due to the huge number of inflorescences it will be appropriate to look in the foreground of the garden plot.
It tolerates cold, but disease resistance is average.Variety Lovely Lydia
Characteristics and characteristics of colors, bred in Holland
Unconsecrated flower lovers often think that Dutch roses are such a variety.
They are grown both in the Netherlands, and in many other European countries. Term Dutch roses it's a kind of quality mark.
Holland has long established itself as a leader in the field of breeding technologies. In this country, the breeding of new, beautiful, sustainable varieties has reached unprecedented heights. What is the difference between these flowers from all other varieties?
If we talk about the external characteristics, they are inherent: a medium-sized bud (depending on the variety), delicate, elegant flowers of elegant shape, dense saturated foliage on the stem and magnificent color gamut of tones and shades.
In addition, cut Dutch roses, as a rule, have high durability and can stand in a vase, pleasing the eye for at least two weeks. That Dutch most often we meet in the windows of flower shops.
How to grow these exquisite beauties in his garden?Cut Dutch roses have high durability and are able to stand in a vase for at least two weeks.
Planting and care
An extremely important factor for the successful breeding of roses is a suitable place. It is with his choice that one should begin.
Dutch roses for the most part love slightly acidic, nutritious soilthat easily let the air through.
Growing in greenhouses is the best option., because they guarantee the conditions most suitable for these plants. But, depending on the variety and region of the country, the Dutch can grow well in the open field.
Before planting, you need to properly prepare the soil: use drainage and fertilize.Growing in greenhouses is the best option, because they guarantee the conditions most suitable for these plants
The two most common ways to grow Dutch varieties are either buy ready-for-planting seedlings, or root cuttings. Saplings are known for their high cost, but will require a little less labor.
For many gardeners, rose from cuttings still remains the most attractive and popular method of reproduction. You can purchase cuttings from your neighbors, in the online store or in the nursery.
Cutting is carried out in the following sequence:
- from the middle part of the shoot with two or three buds cut into twigs 13-15 cm in size,
- from the bottom, make an oblique cut at a distance of 1 cm from the kidney, from above the incision should be straight with an indent of 0.5 cm above the upper kidney
- the lower leaves are completely removed, the upper ones are shortened by about a third, the thorns are also removed,
- the upper sections are treated with brilliant green solution, the lower edges of the cuttings are placed in the root-forming solution and kept there for 12 to 24 hours.
As an alternative to commercially available root growth drugs, you can use willow infusion.
To make it, you need to cut five — six 1–2-year-old shoots into 3-5 cm pieces. Put them in a saucepan or glass and pour hot water up to half of their height. Let it stand for a day.
This solution can be watered planting young roses. Dilute it is not required.
After about 3-4 weeks, the first strong leaves will appear, after which the bottle is removed. Every day, several times a day cuttings should be sprayed. After rooting, seedlings are planted in a permanent place.The two most common ways to grow Dutch varieties are either to buy saplings ready for planting or root cuttings
In a similar way you can try to grow the queen of the garden from a bouquet given or bought. But it should be borne in mind that brought flowers, as a rule, are treated with preservatives, providing a fresh look to the plants.
Such chemical treatment significantly reduces the ability to rooting. Nevertheless, practice shows that even Dutch roses from a bouquet are capable of sprouting.
If it is not possible to carry out the cutting immediately, then it is necessary to change the water in the vase daily so that the flowers do not rot. Choose best semi-aged shootson which bud formation has just begun.
Requirements for growing Dutch roses
The successful cultivation of Dutch roses includes a number of important care activities:
- Compulsory fertilizing with complex fertilizers, herb infusion or mulleft infusion,
- having watered only with warm water under the root, in the morning or in the evening, avoiding moisture on the buds and flowers,
- regular spring and autumn pruning to regulate rejuvenation, the formation and stimulation of flowering bush,
- use of special preparations for preventive pest control,
- To avoid frost damage, provide roses to shelter (sawdust, film, lapnik).
Growing roses in the country and especially the Dutch is not an easy task.but quite doable. And the result obtained can more than justify the time and labor spent.
Growing a Dutch rose
A bouquet of Dutch roses has long been considered a symbol of love, a sign of great respect and appreciation. How often we are tempted to start a bush of amazing roses in our garden, which amazed our imagination in a bouquet. Any variety of Dutch roses reproduces beautifully from cuttings, but you need to know a few rules and choose the surest way to reproduce.
If you decide to grow your favorite variety of roses from the presented bouquet in the cold season, be prepared for the fact that the grown root own bush will be less frost resistant than the grafted one. Freshly cut shoots of roses from nearby greenhouses are suitable for grafting, since imported Dutch roses undergo chemical treatment with preservatives, suspending their fading and preserving the appearance of the flower.
- To cut the cuttings, we take only that part of the shoot, where the leaves have five plates - this is the most viable part of the stem. We prepare cuttings with three buds; we make an oblique cut from the kidney by 3-4 cm. Above the upper kidney through 1cm do a straight cut. The bottom sheet is completely removed, the remaining leaf plates are cut in half.
- In the prepared plastic transparent glasses we pour in thawed or filtered water with the addition of growth preparations and put cuttings in them, protecting them from the direct rays of the sun. After 4 weeks, nodules appear at an oblique cut — the beginnings of roots.
- We plant the cuttings in pots with soil and cover them with vacant cups. A month later, the first shoots from the buds will appear, but do not remove the shelter. Tender shoots may die outdoors.
- If the time of planting in the open ground did not fit, and buds appeared on the cuttings, it is better to remove them and allow the roots to develop.
Important: when growing Dutch roses from cuttings in a room, their frequent spraying is necessary in the first weeks 5-7 times a day, further - 3 times.
Easy landing method
The easiest way of reproduction is autumn cutting, when cut roses of various varieties are commercially available. For planting, we choose semi-woody shoots and cut cuttings, which are 4-5 buds. The cuttings are planted immediately in a trench under an inclination into the soil prepared in advance, adding sand, peat, wood ash, superphosphate and potassium nitrate to it. Cover all the cuttings with plastic bottles or glass jars and leave for the winter. In the spring, we begin to take care of the rooted cuttings: watering, loosening the earth and creating favorable conditions for increasing the root system.
Features of Dutch roses
Among the Dutch roses are many varieties with unique and exquisite characteristics. Thanks to the efforts of flower growers, a huge number of varieties with different colors were developed - from black to light.
These are beautiful plants, but their cultivation requires adherence to many rules, since flowers are very vulnerable and sensitive to external conditions. Their root system is not adapted to the cold, and the bushes themselves can not stand the draft.
You also need to follow the rules of irrigation and fertilization in the soil, otherwise the capricious plant may die. Best of all, roses grow in greenhouses, as there is an opportunity to arrange suitable conditions for them.
The size of the bush varies depending on the variety, but on average, their height is 1.5 m. The stems are covered with dense foliage of rich green color. They are formed by elegant buds of medium size. Their number can vary, but in most cases one flower appears on the stem.
Dutch roses are of high quality. With proper care, slices of these flowers can stand in a vase for at least 2 weeks. That is why mainly roses of this type are marketed.
Popular varieties of Dutch roses with photos and names
Since roses are among the popular and sought after flowers, gardeners are constantly experimenting, bringing new varieties that supplement the piggy bank of existing ones. Therefore, it is impossible to list them all, it will be possible to consider only the most famous.
Rose Grand Prix (Rose Grand Prix) is a hybrid tea variety. This is a tall shrub that can reach 1.5 m in height. The size of the stems of flowers in this variety varies from 70 to 120 cm.
The flower has a classic shape and a diameter of about 12 cm. The color of the petals is maroon. The variety is intended for sale and is characterized by the duration of storage after cutting. The plant has a delicate floral aroma.
Freedom is characterized by a rich scarlet color with a velvet tint. The bud has the appearance of an elongated glass. When opened, it reaches a diameter of 13 cm. The shrub grows well in height and width, acquiring significant dimensions (up to 2 m).
This variety is resistant to cold and prefers to grow in shaded areas. The plant belongs to the tea-hybrid varieties.
Mohana hybrid tea variety is grown for cutting, as these flowers look good in any composition. His bushes are compact. Their height does not exceed a meter, and in width they expand to 60 cm.
The shoots are covered with dark green frosted leaves. There are few thorns on such roses. Buds differ in large size and cone shape. The color of the petals is yellow with reddish edges.
The aroma of the flowers is pleasant and light. The advantage of the variety is its resistance to adverse weather conditions. He also rarely suffers from diseases.
The High Magic hybrid tea rose has almost no fragrance. In its coloring combines red and yellow shades, due to which the flower takes on the form of a flame. The stems are covered with dark green leaves, and there are no thorns on them. The height of the shrub is a little over a meter.
On the shoots usually formed 1 bud, only occasionally formed brush. This species is very resistant to frost and is rarely susceptible to disease.
Elite variety Vendela is also a hybrid tea. These roses are often included in wedding bouquets, due to their cream color.
Wendela bushes grow to a meter. The buds are formed on the shoots one by one, are egg-shaped.
Roses called Lovely Lidia belong to a new variety of spray roses. The bush has compact dimensions: height is up to 70 cm, width is up to 50 cm. Flowers are small, up to 4 cm in diameter. They are characterized by a bright color - crimson or pale pink.
When the bud blooms, you can see the middle of a darker shade in it. Blossoming differs in duration, and the plant - resistance to adverse conditions.
Avalanche is characterized by white color with a slight greenish tint. Belongs to the hybrid tea varieties. The buds have a large, classic shape. The height of the shrub can reach 1 m. Shoots are covered with dull green leaves. The plant is slightly sensitive to cold.
Magadi hybrid tea variety grows to a height of 90 cm. It is characterized by large double flowers, the buds of which have a goblet shape. The color of the petals is white. Its leaves are dense, dark green, glistening in the light.
Variety is sensitive to cold and damp, but resistant to diseases.
These roses grow in bushes up to 80 cm in length. Single flowers of pale pink form on the shoots. They are characterized by small size - up to 8 cm and elongated shape. The leaves on the branches are dark green, slightly shining.
The plant is resistant to heat, in the winter time requires shelter. It rarely suffers from diseases and pests.
Variety Penny Lane refers to the number of climbing roses. She has large-sized cupped flowers. The color of the petals is creamy, a few days after full blooming of the bud becomes more saturated. Shrubs resistant to frost, almost not subject to disease.
El Toro roses are bright red. In their petals may be present shades of scarlet or burgundy. The sizes of flowers reach 12 cm in diameter. The height of the bush is up to 80 cm. The branches are densely covered with leaves of bright green shade.
The plant rarely suffers and tolerates frost well.
Flowers varieties Ilios gustomahrovye, with bright yellow color. The variety is represented by shrubs with a height of not less than 70 cm. On the stems there are glossy-green leaves. The spikes on them are almost absent. Ilios is resistant to frost and disease.
Talea roses have a very peculiar color. The petals combine light pink and apricot hues, the color of champagne and ivory. Outside the flower is covered with greenish petals. The size of the buds is large, up to 10 cm. The shrub can grow up to a meter in height. It has thick dark green foliage. This variety is characterized by long storage in the cut, resistant to disease.
Red Naomi is a hybrid tea variety. She has red petals with a velvety shade. Shrub large, more than a meter tall. The plant has large inflorescences and delicate aroma. The plant belongs to frost-resistant, is long stored and differs in high transportability.
The shrubs from Bay tea hybrid roses (another name is Wow) reach 1 m in height, and their diameter can reach 70 cm. The inflorescences in it have a goblet shape and appear on the shoots one by one or 4 each.
The leaves of the plant are large, dark green, glossy or matte. The colors of the petals combine orange and coral shades. Her aroma is pleasant, but not pronounced.
A variety called Aqua refers to hybrid tea and is distinguished by pink and lilac petals. The diameter of the buds is up to 10 cm. There are no spikes on the branches. The length of the stem reaches 80 cm. The inflorescences of this variety can be single and multiple.
Coloring Miss Piggy is a harmonious combination of pink and peach shades. Shrubs grow tall, up to a meter in height. Они густо покрыты тёмно-зелёными листьями. Соцветия у растения крупные, до 12 см. Сорт характеризуется высокой стойкостью к холодам и болезням.
Carina отличается выраженным приятным ароматом. У неё бокаловидные цветы, достигающие 10 см в диаметре. Куст высокий, более метра. Лепестки окрашены в розовый цвет. On the stem can form from 1 to 5 buds. It is densely covered with dense dark leaves.
The variety Chiri has a bright crimson color. Flowers are formed very large, can reach 14 cm in diameter. The length of the shoots is 70 cm. A distinctive feature of the plant can be called dark green leaves with purple tips. The species is susceptible to cold.
Growing a Dutch rose
You can talk a lot about the merits of the Dutch beauty, but the most interesting thing is to grow it yourself. This is a very entertaining and fascinating process, the result of which will be the satisfaction of the work done and, of course, the indescribable beauty created by yourself.
How to grow a Dutch rose right?
According to experts, the best way is reproduction from cuttings. Since this is the easiest way to breed a Dutch beauty, even a beginning gardener can get good results.
It should be remembered that the cuttings, which are taken from the presented bouquet of Dutch roses, can also be used, but at the same time the future bush loses some of its properties. In some cases, the desired result can not be obtained, and spend a lot of your time. This is due to the processing of cut flowers with preservatives (chemicals) for longer storage, preservation of the shape and presentation of the bouquet. Dutch roses
Thus, the Dutch rose-seedlings must be taken from fresh cut shoots. Best of all from greenhouses or nurseries, but it is also possible from the beds of friends or acquaintances. It is much more reliable and, as practice shows, such a sapling best of all takes root in a new place.
Cuttings of Dutch roses are considered suitable for breeding.if there is at least 3 buds on one freshly cut shoot. Cut it obliquely with shears or garden shears. The location of the cut is determined in such a way that up to 4 buds remain on the root stem (but not less than 2). From the topmost bud of the root stalk to the point of cutting, it should remain about 1.5 cm. It is recommended to choose the most viable, healthy rose for grafting.
After the cutting is cut, it is necessary to level the cutting place on the root shoot using the same clippers or pruner. If the bottom leaf remains on the handle, it should be carefully removed (it is best to cut at the base). Experienced gardeners still recommend cutting all the leaves on the handle in half. This measure is necessary to reduce the period of rooting.
The best place to remove the cutting is greenhouse.
Rose Dutch loves warmly, so in the greenhouse she feels very comfortable. If the cutting is grown at home, it should be moistened 5-7 times a day by spraying water.
This should be done about 14 days.
The next step in the cultivation of Dutch roses is germination.
For this you need:
- prepare the container (plastic bottles, glass jars).
- fill them with a water based nutrient solution. To do this, you can use various growth promoters that contribute to the rapid formation of roots (Energen, Zircon).
- place the cutting in a container and place in a warm, sunny place (greenhouse, greenhouse or well-lit window sill).
Experts recommend using special lighting during germination. Additional illumination will significantly improve the quality of future shoots and provide a rapid growth of flowers. Dutch Roses are best loved by daylight, so you must use LED or fluorescent lights.
In such conditions, after about 3-4 weeks, thickening appears on the cut. This is nothing but the beginnings of a future root system. It is best to wait a few more days for the plant to mature and form small roots. Then it can be transplanted into the prepared fertile soil.
After that, a few more weeks should pass before the sprout cutting can be planted in open ground. How to plant a Dutch rose? It is necessary to dig a hole and mix the ground with sand and humus, approximately in proportions of 2: 1: 1. Place the stalk in the hole and gently fall asleep so that it is placed a little obliquely. After that, it is recommended to pour the place of planting roses with water and cover with a transparent container.
It should be noted that the best breeding season for Dutch roses is autumn. Planting material will serve as semi-woody shoots. They should be cut so that each of them had up to 5 buds. They land under a slope in the previously prepared fertile soil (peat, sand, wood ash, superphosphate, potassium nitrate), and are left to spend the winter in a warm place. If planting occurs immediately in open ground, the cuttings should be covered for the winter with plastic bottles or glass containers (cans). It is necessary to start caring for Dutch roses in spring (loosen the soil, water, feed).
All this can be done independently by selecting the variety you like. Growing a Dutch rose at home is a lot of work, but he is fully rewarded.
Growing Dutch roses
Any variety of roses can be grown from 1 cutting, with the condition that it will be freshly cut, not subjected to chemical treatment. I actively use imported cuttings of Dutch roses. The main condition is the freshness of the flower and the presence of many shoots on the stem. It is worth noting that the best shoots give roses of white and scarlet flowers.
The following varieties are most suitable for grafting:
- Red Naomi,
- Rainbow rose,
- Peach Avalanche.
The stalk of a rose must be cut from the side where the largest number of shoots have grown. In addition, the handle must have at least 3 buds. Incision of the cutting is carried out at 3 cm from the kidney. With a sharp knife, cut the cutting obliquely, the thorns and the bud from the stem must be removed.
The finished cutting is placed in a special solution for the growth of flowers, it is sold to flower shops, or replace it with ordinary aloe juice. Such a composition to enhance growth is necessary for imported flowers. Process the upper cut with green paint or grease with activated charcoal, so you protect the plant from bacteria. The cut must be put into water and removed from direct sunlight until root buds appear on it.
The whole grafting scheme is as follows:
- choose a stem with many buds,
- measure 12 cm
- above the kidney, make an oblique cut,
- cauterize the upper cut,
- put the cutting in a jar with a drug that activates growth.
Read more about growing roses here.
It is important to remove weeds and loosen the soil, as this will help protect the plant from death!
The use of Dutch roses in landscape design
Landscape designers very often use a rose of Dutch origin. When planting roses in the soil to dilute flowers and create harmony, use pine needles. It is best if blue or gray spruce be planted between Dutch roses. When creating a design of roses using bright orange or yellow colors. These colors are most successfully perceived by human eyes.
Roses can be successfully combined with small flowers of blue or purple. For miksovaniya plants fit any wildflowers, for example, bells.
In landscape designs, often used varieties such as:
These plants have beautiful flower edges, large and strong buds and rich colors. Varieties of roses have a great resistance and persistent aroma. Thanks to these varieties, landscaping gardens are lush and inspiring.
In order for the garden to please new shoots of roses every year, you should know and take into account when planting features of the soil and frost resistance of the plant. For the rose, constant painstaking care and nutrition with nutrients is necessary. But for the care shown, the plant will thank you for its lush and long flowering, which cannot be compared with any other flower.
Dutch roses: cultivation features, best varieties, photos, description
Beautiful buds, a variety of colors, various flower shapes, non-standard, complex petals, unsurpassed aromas, abundant flowering, various bush shapes - all this and much more can be said with the characteristic of roses as a separate type of flowers. They are grown and output in many countries around the world. Very popular nurseries are located on the expanses of Germany, Holland, France, Russia, England.
Canadian roses are distinguished by their special frost resistance and extraordinary flowers. But among all the flowers of this species one of the leading positions is occupied by Dutch roses. This is a separate subspecies, widely recognizable both among florists and amateur gardeners. Many growers grow them for sale. Good flowery brings such a flower business to their owners. Why is it so profitable to grow exactly Dutch roses? Almost every man wants to buy a bouquet of these flowers to his beloved woman. They have not only saturated tones, but also are able to stay alive for a long time (up to 2-3 weeks). The cultivation of Dutch roses in pots is gaining great popularity.
Dutch Roses: photo, name, description
Many gardeners dream to grow a beautiful Dutch rose. The price of bouquets, and even more so on seedlings, although acceptable, but not everyone can afford it. Those who wish to pursue floriculture and grow this flower by themselves are offered a wide selection of varieties of Dutch roses (see photo).
There is a certain classification of this type of flowers by shade. Such a separation makes it easier to choose a variety for your flower bed. Of course, each flower has its own definition. The names of Dutch rose varieties show how beautiful and majestic they are:
In addition to the above-mentioned popular varieties of Dutch roses, there are the following options for selection and cultivation for home and commercial purposes:
Red Dutch roses:
- Chili (Chile).
- Miss Piggy.
- Hay Magic.
- Mari Bauman (Marie Bauman).
- Lovely Lydia (Lovely Lydia).
White Dutch roses:
Rainbow Dutch Rose:
Cream varieties of Dutch roses:
Dutch blue roses: