If roses bloom in the garden, it becomes more beautiful, there is a fragrance. This flower attracts attention with its own beauty.
Today there is a huge variety of varieties, but the most popular variety is the rose patio.
Each species differs in the shape of a bush, a tinge of buds, height. The rose patio is a small curb flower that is ideally suited for growing in a garden, planting in a pot.
Home care is simple, does not take much time.
Description of the rose patio
Rose patio is a dwarf variety of flower. It was allocated in a separate group a few years ago.
Flowers were brought to Europe at the beginning of the 20th century, and they immediately began to enjoy increased demand and popularity.
Patrick Dixon became the founder of the rose patio variety. In his works there is a huge series of dwarf plants, the height of which does not exceed 50 cm.
They were not separated into a separate group. The most popular is the variety of patio roses called "Meteor".
The name is associated with cozy Italian and Spanish courtyards. They are called patio. Locals use a variety of flowers in pots and containers as decorations.
In its structure, the plant is simple, semi-double and terry. It blooms in early summer, and pleases with its beauty before the onset of autumn.
During one season, the number of blooms can reach 3-4 times. You can grow in a room or in the open field.
Breeders for all the time it was found about 2,000 new varieties that attract their unusual.
The following most popular and popular types can be distinguished:
Breeders for breeding used a miniature rose and floribund. It is a small-sized shrub that attracts attention with its pomp.
The shoots have a dark green tint, magnificently covered with leaves. The plant develops rapidly, the flowers are large, there is a mahr
The variety was bred in 1994 in Germany. This is a bush of miniature size, the height of which does not exceed 40 cm.
The leaves are small, shiny surface. He produces small flowers whose diameter does not exceed 5 cm.
A distinctive feature - bright orange flowers with a red tinge. On structure petals terry
The bush has a huge number of branches, the height does not exceed 40 cm. The leaves are dark green.
Buds cover the entire surface of the bush. Flowers are small in size, the number of petals does not exceed 10 pieces. The shade is red, the heart is cream, there are white streaks
The bush attracts attention with beauty and pomp. There are branches, the plant is growing rapidly. The height does not exceed 40 cm.
Petals of flowers terry, have strong glossy gloss. The difference - apricot shade, barely perceptible pleasant aroma
The rose grows in a large and lush bush that spreads its branches in different directions. Leaves are small in size.
Hue blooming flowers - pink and apricot. The presented variety is resistant to various pests and diseases.
Breeders bred such varieties as ecotics of clementine, korsnod, lidiya, typhoon, raspberry esmeralda, isabel, macarena.
Planting and breeding flower
Rose patio is well accustomed in different conditions, and is distinguished by its own unpretentiousness.
It can be grown in a pot, plastic containers, garden plots.
Before transplanting, it is necessary to prepare the plant:
- The choice of varieties and seedlings. It is important to base only on individual preferences. It may be a flower shape, a shade of petals.
- To buy seedlings for further planting is necessary in specialized flower shops, centers of gardeners.
If friends or neighbors have such a rose, you can easily and without diluting it at home. If the rose will grow at home, you need to carefully check the seedling. On the stems and leaves should be no dark spots, points.
This is a sign of plant disease. If the leaves do not shine and have lost elasticity, it is necessary to abandon the purchase of such a seedling. When planting at home according to the method of the pass, it is necessary to place the seedling in a large and spacious pot.
The soil and shrub need to be further treated with the agent Actor, which protects the leaves and stems from various pests.
During this period, the soil is already quite warm. Flowers grow well and quickly if the soil is nutritious and light. It is important to ensure good drainage so that moisture does not linger.
The site needs to be dug up, to make a landing hole. If there are several seedlings, then a distance of 25 cm is maintained between the holes.
Next, lay a layer of drainage from humus and other organic matter. Saplings with an open root system are additionally lowered for several hours into the water before planting.
When the seedling of the rose patio is placed in the hole, the rhizome is carefully powdered, the soil is compacted. For proper watering of the plant, make a groove at the base of the stem.
In winter, you need to prune and carefully cover the stems from severe frosts.
The following are the rules for caring for a rose patio:
- Watering. At home, the rose is watered frequently, only with water at room temperature.
Liquid from the tap detrimental effect on the root system. The soil needs to be kept wet.
A plant that grows in open ground must also be provided with systematic watering. Humidity level A flower at home needs a sufficient level of moisture.
This is a time-consuming process, especially in winter, when heating appliances are working in the house. Next to the rose, it is recommended to put a saucer with water. Top dressing. The first feeding after purchase is done in 3-4 months.
Further fertilizer is applied every week in small dosages. In garden shops the wide choice of top dressings is presented.
During pruning, it is important to remove damaged areas, branches are shortened by 5-8 cm.
In response to love and proper care, the plant will delight you with a beautiful flowering.
At the beginning of the 19th century, as a result of the crossing of various species, hybrids were derived, which formed the basis of this group of roses. From their European ancestors, plants inherited frost resistance. Hybrids can bloom several times during the summer, that is, be remontant.
Bush high from 1 to 2 meters. The leaves are large, thick. The flowers are large (8-10 cm in diameter), rounded-cup-shaped, pink or red, rarely white and yellow, terry with a strong aroma. The second bloom is much weaker than the first.
Grade - Frau Karl Druški
With white flowers. Suitable for the Middle Urals. The flowers are snow white, very large (12–14 cm in diameter, terry (35 petals), in inflorescences of 3 to 5 pieces. It blooms very abundantly. Good repair-resistant winter-hardy variety.
Hybrid tea roses. Varieties of roses
Varieties of roses obtained from crossing remontant roses with tea. Low bush (60 - 80 cm). The leaves are large, beautiful, various shades. Flowers of various beautiful coloring, differ in various pleasant aroma, large, terry, single or are collected in small inflorescences.
Flowering lasts 30 - 35 days, then comes a break from 15 to 30 days, after which flowering continues until late autumn. Flowers are very decorative in the bush and shtambovoy form, in floral decorations, used to cut. Each flower that forms on a bush or on a stem tree is a work of art. This is a real "classic" rose.
Grade - Alinka
Charming, large double flower up to 10 cm in diameter. Rose petals with an amazing transition of color from golden yellow at the base to scarlet, coral-red edge, reflecting the silk velvet. The aroma is thin and delicate. It blooms from summer to late autumn, without reducing its ornamentation.
Sort - Ingrid Bergman (Ingrid Bergman)
Elegant classic rose, bright and unforgettable. The flowers are large, up to 10 cm in diameter, densely double-lined with terracotta-red petals of velvet shades of ripe cherry color. Aroma gentle unique.
Enthusiastic descriptions in the catalogs and praises of flower-shaped, can give you the impression that the tea hybrid ryazha is the ideal rose. This is not quite true. Some varieties form bushes with ugly stiff branches, and their flowers deteriorate quickly in wet weather. They bloom less often and are inferior in brightness to the Floribunda roses. They are demanding for good growth conditions.
Be careful to choose roses of this group. Not all varieties are suitable for decorating the garden - some are designed specifically for exhibitions, and only judges can appreciate their beauty.
Hybrid tea rose is rightfully considered the queen of roses - but it is also not without flaws.
This group of varieties of roses obtained by crossing the Chinese roses and many-flowered. Differs in long flowering and an abundance of small, multicolored flowers collected in large brushes, mostly without aroma.
Rose bushes are low up to 60 cm. Flowers are in diameter from 3 to 4 cm, usually terry: white, pink, red and salmon. Bloom profusely and continuously from mid-July to frost. Winter-hardy plants, but require light protection for the winter. Well grow and bloom in the open field on their roots. Look great in landscape design as borders.
Floribunda Roses - Beautiful Roses
The varieties of this group were obtained as a result of crossing polyantha varieties with hybrid tea, Percellian and other varieties. After the flourishing distribution of Floribunda roses, the polyanthus roses spent a bit of their purpose.
By the nature of the inflorescences, they are similar to polyanthaceae, and in size of the flower and often in shape they resemble a hybrid tea. The flowers are simple, semi-double and terry. They are smaller in inflorescences than polyanthus ones and they are not so densely located. In each brush simultaneously reveals several flowers. Floribunds have all the colors characteristic of the hybrid tea. Many varieties with a smell, bloom profusely and for a long time.
For the conditions of the Urals are suitable varieties: Alain, Anchor, Gletcher, Display, Fire Flame, Charleston, Highlight. Like all garden varieties - they require shelter for the winter. Looks great in landscaping and in various compositions. In the design occupy a leading place. Good in planting beds.
Floribunda roses are, on average, more enduring, more reliable in wet climates, and easier to care for them than tea-hybrid beauties.
Grade - Arthur Belle (Arthur Bell)
Translated means beautiful and irresistible, handsome barin. The flowers are large amber-yellow, 10 cm in diameter, semi-double and very fragrant. Bright red crimson stamens - beautifully glow in the gold of the petals.
Variety - Hot Chocolate (Hot chocolate)
The rose attracts the attention of extraordinary coffee and terracotta-pink shades of petals that change color as it blooms from light salmon-orange to rich brownish-cherry. An outlandish chocolate rose.
The flowers are large up to 9 cm in diameter, with a delicate delicate aroma, resistant to rain and are especially good in autumnal cold weather. The height of the bush to 1 meter.
Sort - Claire Renaissance (Klair renaissance)
The flowers are gorgeous, large up to 12 cm in diameter, as the blooming forms a huge bowl with a lot of wavy silk milk-pink petals. The aroma is fresh, delicate. Bush height up to 150 cm.
The use of roses from this group makes it possible to give the landscape design of the suburban area a variety of colors. They can be grown as a bush or as a stem. Among them are varieties for planting in hedges, as well as dwarf varieties. Almost all dwarf varieties with a height of about 50 cm have recently been allocated to a special group of popular patio roses.
Rose Varieties - Patio
A group of roses patio was formed quite recently. There is no exact definition of a patio group. Now this group includes varieties of Floribunda roses that do not exceed 45 - 55 cm in height and form dense bushes. These varieties have smaller flowers and leaves, but they bloom profusely throughout the season. The popularity of the patio group is growing.
Sort - Gentle touch
The flowers have features of hybrid tea roses, which eventually become flat. Inflorescences are strong and consist of many pink flowers that appear throughout the season. It ranks high among other types of patio.
Sort - Sweet magic
Golden-yellow flowers are collected in large flaming racemes. Over time, the petals become pink blush. The zone is good for growing in a tub, on the edge of a flower bed or border. The aroma is quite intense.
Climbing variety of roses is indispensable from the last century to the present day. Hybrids appeared as a result of the crossing of a multi-flowered rose with North American climbing and hybrid tea. So a new group of tall shrubs appeared with abundant flowering on last year's shoots. Flowers in large inflorescences, simple or double, varied in color.
Their main purpose is to cover part of a house, trellis, gazebos, fences, pergolas, architectural structures,
The group of climbing roses is divided into five types:
- Climbing Multiflora
- Large-flowered climbing plants - with single or few flowers in inflorescence
- Climbing Kisttsvetnye - with buds like Floribunda roses
- Climbing species - wild roses and their close relatives
- Climbing miniature
Unfortunately, the climbing forms of these roses usually do not retain the ability to shrub to re-bloom and give only one or two waves of flowering.
Sort - High hopes
Flowers terry, pale pink, fragrant. The plant is unpretentious, with brilliant, beautiful and healthy foliage with unusually abundant flowering at the end of the season. suitable for decorating arches and pergolas. Repeating flowering.
Grade - Golden fragrant (Golden parfum)
Flowers with honey aroma. Amber-yellow goblet buds unfold in bright, saffron-like, dense flowers with a diameter of 8 to 10 cm. Blooms profusely with a short break. The bush is very powerful, strong-growing, up to 3 meters high.
Variety - Sympathie
The flowers are elegantly elegant, terry, with a spectacular, rich red-crimson color of velvet petals. The aroma is pleasant, quite strong. It blooms continuously all summer and autumn, maintaining the excellent shape and beauty of the petals in any weather. Height is 250 cm.
Ground cover roses
Before you buy such a rose, it is better to find out what size it reaches when it grows. The bush can reach a height of 20 cm to 2 meters and is divided into four subgroups:
- Small creeping roses 30 - 45 cm high and not more than 1.5 meters wide
- Large creeping roses with a height of more than 45 cm and a width of more than 1.5 meters
- Small drooping roses, reaching 95 cm in height and about 1.5 meters in width
- Large drooping roses not less than 1 meter high, bush width 1.5 meters and more
In varieties of the first two subgroups, the stems grow horizontally and can sometimes take root in the nodes. Varieties belonging to the last two subgroups form sprawling bushes with arcuate drooping branches.
The varieties of roses are unpretentious, bloom profusely, many all summer, resistant to diseases, winter-hardy. Flexible shoots allow them to fall to the ground, which ensures a good wintering. Plants of the ground cover group can be planted on flowerbeds and retaining walls, decorate slopes and mask ugly places. They are interesting in group planting.
Due to the high growth energy and strong branching density, the rose quickly grows, forming a dense, well-leafy shrub with a wide gobitus, where the diameter is much higher than the height. Delightful elegant living carpet blooms profusely until the autumn frosts.
Shruba - shrub roses
Shruba in translation from English “shrub” is a shrub. Scrub bushes have hard branches. The flowers are very diverse in shape and color, with and without smell. Many varieties are distinguished by their power, reaching a height of 2 meters. There are undersized scrubs. Bushes are winter-hardy and require light shelter for the winter, very resistant to disease.
Modern scrab varieties have all the positive qualities. Scrubs can be used in single, group and mixed plantings.
The standard rose is a rose tree, a creation created by man from plants. Such a plant has a rosehip stem, onto which a varietal rose is grafted. Straights vary in graft height. Standard trees require shelter.
If desired, and so you can arrange a tree with two colors.
Famous varieties: Pimprenelle, Burgundy Ice, Rosarium Uetersen, Super Dorothy.
Roses Patio Spray - description, varieties and care
Garden crops such as spray roses amaze the observer with incredible beauty. These low compact plants appeared relatively recently, but quickly gained popularity among gardeners.
Spray - Spray Buds
Spray - a new group of roses, in many ways similar to the floribunda group. For small, perfect-shaped flowers, gathered in large inflorescences, a figurative name is very appropriate, meaning “spray” in English. Each branch, covered with numerous charming flowers, resembles a miniature bunch. Нежность, утонченность и в то же время торжественность характеризуют цветочные композиции, в которых присутствуют розы-спрей.Photo, even the most skillful, can not convey the beauty of these colors.
Roses from spray groups have thick, but low bushes, ideal for growing in containers and in small beds. Plant height reaches 60-80 cm. Spray-roses bloom all summer until the frost.
Site selection and soil preparation
Cultivation can be engaged in both beginners and experienced gardeners, the main thing is to comply with all the nuances of cultivation. To plant a plant in the garden, it is necessary to choose a sunny, but protected from the wind plot.
Varieties with light petals are preferably planted in sunny areas, and roses with dark buds are recommended to be placed in partial shade. If this is not done, then with high solar activity, the intense color of the buds of plants will soon become light.
It can take up to three months to prepare high-quality land for flowers, so it is necessary to prepare the soil for planting in the fall in the summer or in October if the planting of the crop is planned for spring.
The basic soil preparation rules are as follows:
- We remove weeds and their rhizomes from the site.
- We dig up the soil on the bayonet of a shovel with simultaneous land transshipment. Next, make a ditch with a depth of 40-50 centimeters and fall asleep on the bottom of the upper soil with fertilizers, and then the bottom layer, mixed with fertilizers. For several months of vystoyka land in a ditch sags and saturates with useful substances. Along with this goes and excess moisture.
- Some growers immediately plant the plants in the previously dug up soil with dug indentations, but this method is considered less effective.
In the case of planting in the previously prepared, transshipped soil, the root system will develop rapidly and get unhindered access to oxygen.
Many gardeners act differently. They dig up the plot on the spade bayonet without prior leveling in the fall. This will contribute to freezing the top layer of soil and the destruction of pathogenic bacteria and microorganisms harmful to roses, pest larvae. Fertilizers added during this period will be able to dissolve during the winter.
With the arrival of spring, the landing site is leveled with a metal rake and they start digging holes for planting crops. The depth and width of such grooves should be 25-30 centimeters taller and wider than the root system of the plant. At observance of such parameters, the pit is filled with light nutrient soil, which will give impetus to the intensive development of the root system.
During the preparation of the soil for the rose garden it is necessary to take into account the influence of the predecessors. It is known that roses grow poorly in areas where there were hominchy, cherry, quince or hawthorn. On such plots 50 centimeter layer of the earth is removed and replaced with new soil.
The acid composition of the soil can be determined by litmus paper. So red indicates acidic earth, blue indicates a neutral acid reaction. Sorrel and horsetail usually grow on acidic soil, clover or horseradish grow on alkaline soil. In the presence of alkaline soil in its composition add superphosphate or compost, pine needles. Wood ash or bone meal is added to the acidic soil.
Planting roses spray can be engaged as an experienced gardener and amateur. The entire workflow can be divided into several stages:
- digging a landing hole with a depth and width of 45-50 centimeters,
- at the bottom of the ditch we fall asleep drainage in the form of small pebbles and coarse sand,
- we scatter organic matter (compost and humus),
- sprinkle nutrients with a thin layer of earth,
- gently straighten the roots, put the seedling in a hole and sprinkle it with earth.
After carrying out such actions, we water the roses with warm water. For each bush, you must use 6-8 liters of fluid.
Watering and feeding
Plants need regular abundant watering throughout the growing season, and especially during flowering with sustained drought. Simplify the process will help laying mulch in the root zone of the plant. A thick layer of sawdust or lowland peat will prevent the evaporation of moisture.
In the absence of a mulch layer, the soil needs to be constantly loosened and removed weeds. In hot weather, rose leaves may burn. To prevent this phenomenon, the bushes are watered with warm water in the evening period by sprinkling.
For prolonged intense flowering of roses, spray should receive additional nutrients that are introduced into the soil in the form of supplements.
At the initial stage of development before the first buds need nitrogen. Flowering shrubs take a significant amount of phosphate and potash fertilizers, as well as trace elements from the soil.
The best varieties of rose spray
The constantly increasing demand for spray led to the fact that more and more varieties began to appear in the global selection every year. Next, read the description of the most common varieties.
It is considered the ancestor of many cultures. The variety was bred by Dutch breeders at the end of the last century. The plant has a sprawling shrub up to 70 centimeters in height, flowers up to 4 centimeters in diameter with pink petals.
Differs from the rest with beautiful white inflorescences with a pink shade. At the stage of formation, apricot buds become pink when blooming. The initial color of the petals changes to white under prolonged exposure to sunlight.
The bush of a compact decorative rose Tamango reaches a height of 50 centimeter mark. The buds of this culture, up to 7 centimeters in diameter, consist of numerous densely double scarlet petals. Each branch can simultaneously accommodate up to 12 peduncles. A feature of the variety are high rates of winter hardiness.
Dutch rose Tiramisu is distinguished by two-color buds. The height of the shrub does not exceed 50 centimeters. Flowers are small, 12-15 pieces per brush. The outer side of the petals is terracotta, the outside is cream.
Variety Orange corresponds to its name, because it has bright orange petals. The buds in appearance resemble a tea rose, their diameter does not exceed 4 centimeters.
Yana - decorative varietal variety. Bushes are compact. Height - up to 60 cm. Flowering is long and abundant. The diameter of soft cream flowers is up to 6 cm. The aroma is pleasant, subtle. It can be used for registration of borders and avenues.
Barbados (Barbados) - Dutch spray rose with pink flowers fairly large size. Bush grows up to 70 cm. The fragrance is not pronounced. Barbados is frost resistant. It can be used for decoration of borders, and it will create a unique accent in landscape compositions.
Deep Vater is an original abundantly flowering bush with double flowers of medium and rather large sizes. Inside, the petals are pale pink in color, while the outer petals have a purple tinge with a hint of red. Deep water is used to decorate gardens, as well as to create bouquets.
Grace - another spectacular spray spray blooming pink medium-sized flowers. Bush can grow up to 80 cm. There is a pleasant, light aroma. Variety is often used for bouquets. In cutting the plants are long.
Diseases and pests
Rose diseases are not always caused by improper care. Often they arise for reasons beyond our control. Ecology and adverse weather conditions may be responsible for this.
Therefore, it is very important to notice the appearance of disease in time. To do this, you should regularly inspect shoots, leaves on both sides, buds and flowers.
If you find the first signs immediately take action:
Remove the damaged part of the bush.
Treat the hive with a systemic chemical to treat the disease found. Which drug to choose - read the article on fungicides.
Two weeks after application, repeat the treatment with biofungicide, such as phytosporin.
At the same time pay attention to the presence of pests. Roses are often attacked by aphids, spider mites, thrips. To combat them, special insecticides and acaricides have been developed.
Pests multiply at lightning speed, so there is no need to stand on ceremony with them. Immediately purchase the appropriate drug and follow the instructions. Read more in our pest management guide.
In regions where winter temperatures fall below -7 ° C, the Patio roses must be covered.
In the second half of the summer, they no longer cut, loosen, water, feed with nitrogen fertilizers.
In mid-August, they feed up phosphate-potassium fertilizer.
In early September - Kalimagnesia or wood ash.
In October, cut off, cultivate the bush and the earth with a three-percent solution of copper sulfate. After this high spud dry earth. Covered with pine or fir spruce branches. Construct from above a skeleton, on it lutrasil is pulled.
Some cover the heaped up roses with five-liter plastic bottles, and the spruce branches are already thrown on them.
Differences from other roses
Roses Patio recently allocated to a separate group. Often in catalogs their varieties are designated as Floribunda, for example, Baby Baccarat.
But they are different from Floribunda:
- compactness and accuracy of the bush,
- upright stems
- the practical absence of thorns on the shoots.
However, their flowers are equally beautiful, have a variety of shapes, terry and color.
The Patio group is very similar to Miniature roses. But still the Patio bushes are higher, the flowers are larger. They can be used for cutting, to form bouquets. There are varieties on which ready-made bouquets grow - up to 15 buds on one branch. It is not without reason that future brides stop their choice.
Application in landscape design
The place of the most frequent use of Patio roses in landscape design is indicated by their second name - Curb Roses. They are used to create borders, edging flower beds and paths.
They are often planted on alpine slides, in the foreground of flower beds when creating multi-tiered compositions. Very beautifully small multi-colored roses look in multi-color rabat ornaments.
Patio roses grow in pots and containers. This allows you to use them to decorate the walls of buildings, turns of stairs, recreation areas.
Growing at home
The small size of the Roses Patio makes them convenient for growing in pots. Therefore, they can decorate not only the plot, but also the apartment.
Although, of course, the rose is a plant of open ground or greenhouses, but not a room. The microclimate of the living room does not suit her. It is very dry and not enough light.
Therefore, in the summer, it is better to take a room rose outside, gradually tempering it. But do not put it in direct sunlight and take care of the roots. Put the pot in a white pot or wrap it in foil.
It is better to buy indoor roses in March. Bring it from the store, immediately transplant. Remove all blooming and blooming beauty. If this is not done, the bush will bloom, become exhausted and die. If you buy a bush for a long time, you need to take radical measures.
Remove the bottom leaves. If there are several bushes in a pot, then separate them. Plant each in a separate pot, after having treated the plant with Fitosporin and slightly pruned the roots.
Soil for pots buy special for roses. For drainage at the bottom fill the clay. Put the pot with the planted flower in the tray on the plastic stoppers. Pour water into the pan - it increases the humidity around the rose, but at the same time the roots do not rot from excess water.
While the rosette does not take root, it is watered often. Then rarely, but plentifully. The first couple of months, the rose is not fed. Then you should buy fertilizer for roses, for example, Agricola.
If you want the rosette to live for a long time, do not constantly stimulate it. She must go through her natural physiological cycle. That is, first go through the stage of rest, relax, and then return to life again.
Wintering at the rose takes place from November to February. For this period, it should be moved to a cool room. At this time, it is not watered and not fed. From February, watering is resumed, and in March they are transplanted into another pot.
Roses Patio: Varieties and Types
BabyMaskerad. It is unpretentious, with a weak aroma, resistant to frost and drought. Looks good in flowerbeds and pots.
Baby Baccarat - France (Meilland). These roses look beautiful in pots in front of the house. They are bright and catchy.
LavenderJuel - USA (Moore) 1978. This is one of the most beautiful miniature roses with terry pinkish-purple flowers. It blooms for a long time, but after the final disclosure, the flowers burn to a lilac shade.
Korsnod. Very cold-resistant white rose, resistant to many diseases.
Mimi Eden - France (Meilland). Wonderful two-tone rose, outside ivory-colored petals, and pink inside. In brushes of 8-10 pieces of flowers, which bloom alternately.
Lydia - Holland (Interplant) 1990. Light pink color, non-double, through the petals visible middle.
Petito. Yellow with red stripes rose, unpretentious, resistant to disease.
Rumba - Denmark (Poulsen). Very beautiful variety, bred in 1959 and still popular among rose lovers.
ErikotKlimentina - Germany (Evers). Rose with large apricot flowers will decorate any garden and home.
Another name for these roses is “border roses”. Patio roses, varieties and types of which continue:
- AnnaFord. This rose has red-orange flowers with a yellow eye
- Gentle Touch. This rose is characterized by pale pink flowers
- Honeybunch. This is a variety with dense flowers resembling the color of honey and fragrant aroma.
- StrawberryFayre. Red and white striped flowers with a delicate scent. This rose has golden-yellow flowers with petals slightly bent out
- Sunseeker. Scarlet flowers with yellow center
- SweetMagic. The flowers of this rose are unusual colors: golden yellow with orange divorces
Patio roses, their various varieties and types will always attract the attention of their endurance and the extraordinary beauty of infinitely blooming inflorescences. No doubt they can be called the little treasures of your garden!
Video "Roses Patio - Your Choice for Patios"
In the garden and at home you can grow a variety of flowers. However, most often on the window sills and flower beds are exactly roses. Today they are represented by a wide variety of varieties. Recently, the Patio rose mix has become increasingly popular among florists. Let's get acquainted with representatives of this variety closer.
Description of varieties
At the end of the last century, Patio roses were divided into an independent group. Despite this, in some catalogs these plants are still ranked among such varieties as miniature or Floribunda.
Patios were obtained as a result of breeding work on crossing curb and undersized species. The very first were cultivated varieties Marlene and Meteor.
These flowers are stunted. However, among the Patio there are more tall representatives. They differ from other species in the form of leaf blades and flowers. For example, the flowers and leaves of the Patio are smaller than those of Floribunda, but larger than miniature ones. Flowers differ in a variety of forms and shades. They can be simple or terry. The largest specimens in diameter reached 5 cm.
The bush has compact dimensions. It grows up to 55 cm in height. Often these plants are grown on shtambah. Here they can achieve a height of 1 m.
Representatives of this variety are often used by designers to create landscape expositions.
How to plant and care
In order to achieve good flowering from these roses, it is necessary to plant the bushes correctly and care for them. Planting seedlings can be carried out in garden soil or in flower pots. In open ground planting is carried out in early spring. Before transfer to the soil, the seedling's root system should be opened and soaked in water for several hours.
Patio roses love open and sunny areas. In a suitable place for their growth, one should dig a hole with a diameter and depth of about 45 cm. Drainage is laid at its bottom (expanded clay or pebbles), which is covered with sand from above. Organic type of fertilizer should be put over the sand layer. Suit grass and leaves. You can make and manure. After that, the plants are placed in a hole and covered with earth. Then the soil around the seedling is compacted
Room rose after purchase in the store needs to be transplanted. This procedure is performed in the same way as planting a purchased seedling into open ground. After planting, the plant should be watered well. To do this, take warm water.
In order for a planted plant to stick, you need to know how to care for it properly. Caring for representatives of the Patio variety, both in the garden and at home, is simple. However, despite this, there are several rules that need to be remembered when growing such roses:
- flower should be well lit during the day. It normally tolerates direct sunlight. But when moving from house to garden, the plant must adapt to the new light regime. To prevent the occurrence of sunburn, roses at noon need a little touch,
- watering is done regularly. However, you should avoid the flower bay. Leaf spraying is allowed. For irrigation, only separated and warm water is taken,
- в течение сезона обязательно проводятся подкормки. Здесь нужно использовать удобрения, специально разработанные для роз. Подкормки вносятся аккуратно, чтобы не переборщить.
Как видим, уход в домашних условиях и в саду за этими цветами действительно не требует значительных затрат сил и времени. С такой задачей справится любой начинающий цветовод.
Patio varieties can be propagated in two ways:
- by carrying out the grafting process on the dogrose.
Both methods are quite popular, but cuttings are still used more often. They can be cut from the mother bush at any time. However, twigs cut off at the beginning of summer take root best. A bud, flower, bud or stem should be on the cut-off shoot.
The stem rooted in a moist and loose soil. Before planting it can be put into the water before the roots.
Fight against diseases and pests
The planted rose bushes of this variety must be monitored so as not to miss the moment of the appearance of parasites or diseases. Most often, plants suffer from spider mites. Its presence is evidenced by white bloom on the leaves and cobwebs. To combat it, various insecticidal agents are used (for example, Aktara).
Due to improper care, the flowers can hurt, so care for them should always be optimal.
Garden roses of the Patio variety are transferred to the house for the winter. Although they can be left to winter in the garden. In this case, the bushes harbor lapnikom. A wire frame is constructed around the plant, which is covered with a film on top. From mid-spring, such a structure should be opened for ventilation. Insulation clean in the presence of the established warm weather.
When transferring a rose for the winter to the house, it should be additionally illuminated with fluorescent lamps. The temperature in the room should be at +20 degrees. If these conditions are not met, then the flower will hibernate. For shallow sleep you need a temperature of +15 degrees, and for deep +5 degrees.
Rose Patio varieties will be an excellent acquisition, both for the garden and for the house. Minimal care of the bushes will allow you to get from the plants a long and abundant flowering.
Video "Grade Roses Patio"
From this video, you will learn how to grow a Patio rose and other indoor varieties.
Roses patio quite recently allocated in a separate group. This happened only at the end of the 20th century. From the floribunda group of roses, the most stunted (but by no means all) roses were separated, which were named Patio-roses.
As a result of selection works, the collection undersized or curb roses replenished with new varieties. To the very first can be attributed such varieties as Meteor, Marlene and others.
However, still not always, patio roses are distinguished into an autonomous group. For example, in floral catalogs, these varieties can be found among floribunda or miniature roses. Different plant size and shape of flowers and leaves. So, the patio has leaves and flowers smaller than those of floribunda roses, but more than miniature ones.
These flowers are often used by landscape designers for planting in flower gardens and mixborders, for decorating small gardens and house plots, as well as for planting in containers.
Patio roses are small and compact bushes, whose height does not exceed 55 cm. Very often they are grown on shtambah height not more than 1 meter, where they look very nice.
Forms of flowers are diverse, as well as their color. Depending on the number of petals, flowers are double and simple. The largest flower has a diameter of about 5 cm, and the smallest - only 2.5 cm.
Spray roses should also be assigned to the patio group. They differ in that the flowers are collected in large inflorescences. These roses make magnificent bouquets.
Milky Way - spray-rose, the height of which does not exceed 60 cm. It is distinguished by large flowers, the diameter can reach 8 cm. The flowers have a pleasant aroma and pale pink color. The variety is actively used for mixborders and flowerbeds, as well as for planting in containers and flowerpots.
Korsnoda - a spectacular variety with double white flowers, the diameter of which is not more than 5 cm. The height of the plant does not exceed 60 cm. The flowers have not a pronounced aroma. These roses are great for flower beds, mixborders, as well as for container plantings. The variety is frost resistant and disease resistant.
Macarena Rose Spray (Macarena)- This plant is not more than 60 cm high. The flowers have a delicate apricot color. Their diameter is about 5 cm. It is a varietal variety with a light aroma. It is resistant to diseases and frosts.
Pink Flash (Pink Flash) - bright varietal variety of spray roses. Gustomahrovye flowers differ juicy single color. Flowers can grow up to 10 cm in diameter. The plant has a height of about 60 cm. It has a pleasant light aroma. The grade differs in good frost resistance. The plant is an excellent solution for mixborders and flower beds.
Summer Rose Spray (Summer) - this is a bright varietal variety of patio roses. The flowers have a rich yellow color. The diameter of the flowers can reach 8 cm. They have a light aroma. The plant is characterized by unpretentiousness and resistance to frost and diseases.
Baby Baccara (Baby Baccara) - Patio roses with saturated red flowers, the diameter of which does not exceed 6 cm. The plant grows up to 60 cm. It is an ideal solution for flower beds and container plantings. Looks good in edging flowerbeds.
Typhoon - spray-rose with beautiful flowers of red color with a deep orange shade. The diameter of the flowers is about 5 cm. The height of the crop is about 70 cm. The variety is distinguished by unpretentiousness to the conditions of detention and resistance to frost. The variety is used for planting in containers and flower beds.
In Russia, and not only, rose-patio mix, Danica and Hit mix are very popular. These are low (about 30 cm) and compact bushes with double flowers of various colors.
Such flowers are often grown in pots at home and in the garden, as well as planted in flower beds and flower beds. In the care of the plants are unpretentious. Distributed variety varieties Gemeng (Monde Gemeng).
How to care for these roses? There is nothing complicated about it. Even a novice in floriculture can cope with the care of patio roses. Consider all the moments in more detail.
Planted seedlings in open ground is recommended in early spring. Before planting the root system, if it is open, it is recommended to soak for two to three hours in water.
For planting it is recommended to choose a sunny and open area. The fossa should be about 45 cm deep and in diameter so that the root system in it is spacious. At the bottom of the fossa, it is necessary to make a drainage layer: small stones (pebbles, expanded clay or broken bricks) are placed on the very bottom, and a little sand is poured in from above.
It is recommended to put organic fertilizers on top of the drainage. You can use dry leaves, grass or rottenness. Do not superfluous and put a little manure at the bottom of the fossa.
The seedling is planted in a hole, filled with the top layer of soil. The soil is well compacted around it.
Important! If a rose seedling was purchased in a container, then it is required to transplant it. Transplant after purchase is necessary and simple process. Initially, you need to carefully remove the rose from the container. The process of planting does not differ from the above.
Next to the rose bush is recommended to make a small recess for water. After the plant has been planted, it must be watered. One plant requires about 8 liters of water. For watering is required to take warm water that has been heated by the rays of the sun. It is advisable to use rainwater. When using tap water, it is recommended to let it settle for several days that all chlorine has come out of it.
The care of the patio roses is simple both at home and in the garden. How to care in the garden and at home?
It is recommended to grow a culture in a bright place, be it a window, a balcony or an open ground. In the garden plots direct sunlight is not dangerous for roses. However, if it grew at home for a long time, then before carrying the plant into the garden, the flower will need to be adapted to the sun's rays. This also applies to newly acquired flowers.
To prevent sunburn at midday, when the sun is too bright, it is desirable to protect the plant from the rays. And so that the root system does not suffer from overheating, the pot can be put in a large and bright pots, or wrapped in white paper.
It is required to regularly air the room. In a dark place, the patio rose will develop poorly and slowly, and may also refuse to bloom.
Watering and moisture
Water culture is required regularly. He should be moderate. It is not recommended to allow complete drying of the soil between watering, only slight drying of the top layer of the soil is allowed.
Stagnant water is also dangerous for rose.. It can lead to decay of the root system, therefore it is impossible to transfuse the plant. In addition, a drainage layer is needed in the ground or on the bottom of the pot.
Spraying allowed, but not under the direct rays of the sun. This procedure will help move the heat and heat. However, excessive spraying can lead to the development of a fungus.
Important! For irrigation it is recommended to take extremely warm and separated water.
Top dressing needs to be brought during all spring and summer season. They are also allowed in winter, but only if there is additional lighting.
As fertilizer used special fertilizer for roses. These can be purchased at flower shops. It is better to feed in often, but in small portions. This will improve absorption and will not allow soil oversaturation.
Immediately after the purchase is not recommended to start feeding the plant. It is better to start fertilizing after 3 months. This is due to the fact that the roses sold are already well enriched with special long-lasting dressings. And additional introduction will cause soil salinization.
Wintering in the garden and indoors
For the winter, some people dig up the plant and transfer it to the room for wintering, others leave the patio rose in the garden for winter. In this case, it is required to cover the spruce branches. A wire frame is placed around the bush, which should be several centimeters higher than the bush itself. On it the material and a film from polyethylene keeps within. Starting from mid-spring, the plants need to be aired, and soon the insulation is completely removed.
Since the rose often lacks natural light in winter, the use of artificial light bulbs is recommended. In this case, the air temperature should be about 20 degrees. However, if such conditions cannot be provided, then the plant can be sent to hibernate. Wintering can be deep and shallow.
For shallow sleep, the plant is required to provide a temperature not higher than 15 degrees. And for deep sleep, the temperature is lowered to 5 degrees. However, lowering the temperature is required gradually. In deep sleep, the rose throws away the leaves, and the absence of light does not frighten it anymore.
The plant is often affected by spider mites. You can find it on whitish bloom in the form of cobwebs on the leaves. It is required to fight it with the help of insecticidal agents (Aktara, Aktellik, Fitoverm and others).
How to buy seedlings?
When buying should pay attention to the appearance of the plant itself. On the stems should not have black dots. The leaves should be firmly held on the stems, be elastic and glossy.
Faded leaves are the cause of overheating of the culture, whitish plaque is a sign of plant damage by spider mites, and brown spots indicate the presence of a fungal infection.
You should also check the plant for pests.
Packaging must be of high quality. It requires information about the variety of roses, flower color.
What to do after purchase?
Immediately after purchasing a patio rose in a store, you will need:
- Wash under a warm shower. This will save the rose from dust and reduce the number of spider mites, if any,
- Gently pull the rose out of the pot along with the earthy clod and transplant it into a larger pot with the addition of fresh soil that is specifically meant for roses,
- For the prevention of pests should spray the flower with a solution of "Aktar",
- If there are signs of a fungus on a plant, it must be immediately treated with fungicides.
In the video below - personal experience of growing compact roses in the conditions of an apartment from Catherine Weber.