Photo, description, characteristic of the Tula gray goose breed.
One of the most famous and oldest breeds of geese is Tula, which was used mainly to participate in goose battles, which were very popular in ancient times and have survived to some extent to this day. In connection with the use of geese for sporting purposes, a popular name has been added to the main name of the breed, which is why geese are often called Tula Fighting. Careful selection of the strongest individuals led to the fact that the breed has become very strong, strong and enduring. Exterior improved significantly and became more perfect.
Despite the fact that the breed is very strong, the breed does not have a large mass. But the body structure is dense, well developed muscular system. All individuals of the breed are very similar to each other. There are only 3 varieties of Tula geese, which differ in feather color. The first ones have a gray color of feathers and are very similar to wild geese, the second ones are also called Kaluga, they also differ in the clay color of the feather. The third variety has a white feather color.
Another difference that can be seen is the shape of the beak. Here you can also distinguish three varieties: Lozhenosa, Straight-legged, and Steep-toed Tula goose. The very name of the species itself says. The frozen goose is so named because of the shape of the beak, which is slightly concave inward (upper part). In Prymonosogo goose, the upper part is absolutely flat without any grooves. The latter type has such characteristics: the beak is shortened, and curved outwardly.
In all other respects, geese are very similar. All varieties are characterized by: a small oval-shaped head with a flat forehead. The beak is shortened, strong and strong. Big deep chest, thick neck. The limbs are not long, but very strong. In battles Tula geese use wings, so they are quite large and strong. With a strong backswing, the enemy can be seriously injured.
The productive qualities of Tula geese are quite low, therefore it is not suitable for the extraction of meat, fluff or eggs. But still you can meet Tula goose and small farms. The breed is of the medium heavy type: the gander can gain up to 7 kg of live weight, and the goose - about 6 kg. The largest mass that a goose can reach is 8 kg. Geese weigh little, but they have well-developed maternal feelings. A young goose can produce about 25 eggs per cycle and hatches them herself. The safety of goslings is quite large, they are born strong and able to resist diseases. Little geese very quickly gain weight in ordinary pastures. Without using special feeds for 2 months the weight of goslings will grow to 4 kg. In open space, geese feel great, they are not afraid of either heat or cold.
One of the most significant defects of the breed is the red shade of the beak, the eyelid, the eye, which is an indicator of genetic abnormalities. Tula geese, in which the back is not even, problems with the wings and the presence of a pair of fat folds in the lower abdomen are also considered unsuitable for combat.
For spectacular competitions, only the strongest and healthiest geese with aggressive character traits were selected. The whole villages gathered to contemplate a fight between two geese, there was a special institution in the city where you could bet on geese. And in the royal families, this fun was considered very prestigious and entertaining. Not one-time winners were taken throughout the country, and sometimes beyond its borders. To make the gander feel comfortable and give healthy offspring, several geese were taken with them. For big money you could buy a gosling from a champion of many fights.
Such fights were watched even by children, because this sport is not too cruel. In order to avoid the many hussak deaths during battle, birds compete only with the help of wings. Their wings are very strong, but they do not deliver deadly blows, unlike paws and beaks. Therefore, it is strictly forbidden to use these parts of the body during combat. A victory is awarded in the event that the opponent goes beyond the battlefield.
Breed description, its advantages and disadvantages
Tula goose is a strong, hardy birds. Their ability to win fights with representatives of other breeds is associated with the structure of the bird's beak.
Humpy and short, it is designed to deliver strong blows to the enemy. Depending on the shape of the beak, there are such subspecies of the breed:
Logfire or royal
The upper part of the beak is concave, and at the base - growths that look like horns.
Straight beak is rare, as it is not typical for the breed.
The line of the head and beak are connected in a single whole. From above, it looks slightly convex.
The color of the pen distinguish gray geese, which close to wild bird species. Kaluga subspecies has clay feathers. There are representatives of the breed and with white feathers.
Tula geese have a number of positive qualities:
unpretentiousness in care,
ability to fight in the ring.
Among the disadvantages of the breed can be noted slow growth of individuals. Only by two years they are gaining weight in six, less often - nine kilograms. Tula goose is also not happy with the laying of eggs: a year not more than twenty-five pieces.
Caution! To keep the Tula breed of geese with other birds is not necessary. The fighting character of the breed will bring confusion and contention between the birds. Especially dangerous are males of four years of age.
Making goose fights can be profitable. They look harmless, pass in accordance with the rules. Interest is the skill of the bird using only wings to achieve victory.
And gourmet cultivation of geese is especially important, because for representatives of this breed waterfowl Characteristically tasty meat with a small percentage of fat.
External distinguishing features of the breed
All varieties of Tula goose have the same external structure. In poultry short, thick neck with a rounded head. Eyes black or steel color.
Wide chest and strong, strongly divorced paws are a distinctive feature of the winged warrior. Complement the portrait well developed wings, tight to the body.
Despite the different color of the main part of the plumage, it is pure white in the lower abdomen. In young geese the feather is lighter than in adults.
To purchase pure breed, you need to know the defects that say about mixed species of bird. The disadvantages of purebred geese include:
red eyes and orange color century,
fold under the beak and double - in the abdomen,
hump on the back,
The peculiarity of the appearance and nature of the bird pushes gusevodov to acquire chicks for breeding.
Tula goose nutritional norms
Breed persistence is known, but poultry nutrition standards must be fully respected. After all, the only way to strengthen the genetics of birds, to increase the productivity of the herd.
There are different ways of feeding geese. By especially productive applies combinedwhen dry food is added to the wet hash. Feeding mixture should be crumbly and fresh.
Nutritional standards are calculated separately for adults, females during the laying of eggs, young. The daily ration is:
Products in grams
Females during the laying period
Vegetables (potatoes, carrots, beets)
Wheat, Corn, Oats, Millet
Chalk or shells
Mineral, Vitamin Supplements
Fish-bone meal, sunflower cake
Animal products (cottage cheese, eggs)
Goslings from birth give boiled yolks, chopped green young onions. Then gradually add grass, boil porridge from corn, wheat flour, adding wrinkled potatoes.
Root vegetables fray or finely cut. Monthly youngsters are fed high-calorie mixturespurchasing grain waste. Wheat is produced less by increasing the amount of oats, corn, and barley.
In winter, needles are added to the feed, thoroughly milled. Barns of birch, willow, linden tree are hung in the poultry houses.
It is necessary to feed the bird three times a day, in the winter switching to two meals a day. At night, the mixture must remain in the feeders, as the geese eat at this time.
The creation of conditions for breeding poultry of the Tula breed depends on whether the geese live all year round or only the season. Year-round maintenance requires a warm room.where on one head there is one square meter of housing.
It is necessary that the air temperature in the winter in the house was not less than ten degrees heat. Indoors build troughs, drinkers, be sure to put capacity for mineral and vitamin supplements. We also need basins or baths filled with a mixture of sand and ash.
Tip! The geese need water procedures, so it is better to choose a room for their maintenance near the pond. You can build an artificial lake and in the yard. On lands where geese graze, it would be good to sow cereals - oats, millet, barley, some wheat. Indoors must cook straw and peat litter for the cold period of the year. In the summer it is enough to sprinkle the floor with a layer of sand or sawdust.
Tula geese unpretentious, have excellent health, rarely get sick. They easily tolerate frosts.
Cultivation of the Tula fighting breed of geese
Goose Family Formation begin by the birds age eight to ten months. In the herd, there are up to three females per one gander. For offspring need healthy, strong parents.
At the same time, males should weigh slightly more than average, females - lower. Within three years of life, geese are actively rushing. Hatching progeny occurs naturally or in an incubator.
During the active egg-laying period, a special room with nests is being prepared. It is regularly aired, maintaining a temperature of twenty degrees of heat. Under one hen put up to thirteen eggs.
Masonry twice inspect, removing unfertilized and dead specimens. After the goslings appear, they are deposited in a specially prepared box, returning the mother in the evening. The female usually takes no more than twenty goslings.
The temperature in the room where the young are kept must be stable - 20-22 degrees. From the purity and airing in the cells depends on the survival of chicks. As soon as the goslings become one month old, they are let out for a walk. First, for half an hour, gradually increasing the time.
Only care, knowledge of the rules of breeding geese will allow you to save and increase the flock of birds.
The best producers of Tula breed geese
Acquisition of a thoroughbred bird - An important task for the poultry farmer. There are several manufacturers offering pure Tula breed geese:
In the town Eagle has artel of tribal gray and Kaluga geese breeder Evgeny Kleschev. Telephone for communication: 8-919-207-00-81 or 8-910-200-68-08.
AT Kursk region is breeding and selling Kuzmitsky Nikolai Aleksandrovich. You can contact him by phone 8-903-873-60-35 or at Kusma 58 @ mail. ru.
Has a certificate for the quality breeding of waterfowl breeder from Belgorod region Krukhmalev Alexey Alexandrovich. He lives in the village of Rakitnoye, telephone 8-910-737-11-99.
In Vladimir region - Examples of Alexander Valerievich. The white subspecies of the Tula goose can be purchased from it. Lives breeder in the village Ovchinino Petushinskogo area. Telephone: 8-985-168-04-94 and 8-915-755-81-68.
Find the manufacturer of Tula geese can be on the Internet, where photos of the bird, its characteristics are shown. You can buy feathered individuals in online stores of agricultural orientation.
The average cost of an adult bird, goslings, eggs
Farmers offer buy geese both retail and wholesale. Prices for Tula breed are on average from one to two thousand rubles per adult.
For breeding can be purchased hatching eggs from seventy rubles apiece. Goslings of two months are within three hundred and forty rubles.
It is better to buy geese in small private farms, where all conditions are created for poultry, only strong and healthy individuals are reared.
Check out other popular breeds:
Geese in Russia have always been associated not only with high-calorie, dietary meat, but also with fighting character. Choosing the Tula breed of geese, get an unpretentious bird with decorative appearances, excellent health.
Excellent about this breed told in the transfer:
In winter, it is important to give carrots, beets and cabbage mixed with food so that there are enough vitamins. Tula goose is a rather unusual breed, which is interesting to many poultry farmers. Everyone can be engaged in cultivation of the Tula fighting breed of geese. Photos of these birds can be seen on the Internet.