General information

Planting and care for cherries


, And in severe frosts even roots may die, it is necessary to carefully prepare the tree for the winter.

Flowering begins early. In the inflorescence usually up to 3 flowers. Flowers rounded, white, with a wide cup. With good care fruitfulness comes to the 4th year of planting. Independently not pollinated. When the spring is hot, the flowering time is shorter. The root system is strong enough to allow water to be extracted from deep soil layers. Mature trees with favorable conditions and proper care can give

1.2 Low or no snow cover. Creation of snow retention.

Is the cherry easily transplanted to what age without the risk of loss?

The most delicious varieties of yellow sweet cherries. Tips for care and landing -

  • The range of fruit bearing cherry trees reaches 5 meters,

The first began to engage in the selection of cherries in the middle zone I.V. Michurin. By sowing the seeds of southern cherries, he received three forms from himself - Kozlovsky Rose, Black Bitter, and Firstborn, which grew and bred in the Tambov Region.

Description of the fruits of the variety "Drogana Yellow"

Also interesting to read about the autumn planting cherriesFormed on the two lower tiers of the branches that have an inclined position. You can give this slope and by tying.Up to 70kg harvest

It is desirable not to replant it at all. Lovers love to carry plants from place to place years to 5, and in the end, the plant dies. You just need to think in advance about the landing site. Therefore, we always recommend picking up material in the fall, when after the growing season there is a choice, the development of seedlings is visible, but the planting should be done only in spring. Winter extremes, thaws of the last years are just very dangerous for a low-resistant cherries bark. And if we put the seedling vertically in the winter, then in the spring we will receive just a sick bark with burns and wounds, and then we will take care of the sick plant. To save the seedling, you need to prikopat it horizontally, so that the snow covered the crown. But not somewhere in the pit and not somewhere in the valley, but on a flat arable plot, where there will be no stagnation of water and access to mice. Winter is a great time to think about landing! If this is not done in a hurry, then you will not have to transplant. After all, the more years the plant during transplantation, the longer it then hurts. It turns out that we ourselves, with our own hands, are shifting the period of entry into fruiting.

And, if the territory permits, 7 meters should be left between the trees. You can, of course, reduce it with pruning, but this power of growth still can not be ignored.The main disadvantage of sweet cherry is its low winter hardiness. Attempts to acclimatize southern varieties in the middle lane were made more than once, but they ended in failure. Thanks to the persistent selection work carried out in Bryansk, Moscow, Orel, varieties that could withstand the harsh climatic conditions of the Black Earth region were bred. Today, there are more than a dozen varieties of fruit-bearing in this area. The height of the trees is limited to 3-4 m, while the southern varieties - tall, up to 10 meters or more. The mass of fruits reaches 7–8 g (for varieties of Bryansk breeding)., But with age, to maintain the strength of the tree, additional feeding is carried out at the end of summer. Organic manure is used as a fertilizer - slurry. In the spring it is very good to feed the cherries with carbamide, and autumn - to bring ash into the soil.In addition, one

Distinctive features of the tree

And constant. On average, 8-9 tons of ripe berries are harvested per hectare of the garden of yellow sweet cherries. However, it should be noted that in favorable years up to 22 tons are collected from one hectare. I do not fall off the fruits myself, because they are very well attached to the tree.Yellow cherry is a tall-growing tree with a round or pyramidal crown. Drogana yellow has smooth shoots of a light brown color, which are covered with a bluish bloom. The leaves are large and even, oblong-oval, dark green color. The leaves have a strongly pointed tip with a sharp base. Flowers of cherries are collected in two or three inflorescence. The flowers are of medium size, have a saucer-shaped corolla and rounded contiguous petals of white color. They have a bell-shaped cup. The pistil is average, it is on the same level with the anthers.To start in the garden cleanThere areFrom one unit.

What happens in the cold. The trunk freezes and at the slightest wind, internal vibrations arise that tear all molecular bonds in the wood. In northern plants in the trunk is less water, wood cells are filled with resin and other antifreezes of natural origin.

What other varieties would you recommend for the middle band?The last 12-15 years have shown thatIn recent years, MV Kanshina and A. A. Astakhov, the breeders of the All-Russian Scientific Research Institute of Lupine near Bryansk, have done a lot of work with cherries. Based on more than 40 of the most durable samples selected by them, they created new varieties. The most severe "exam" for them were two severe winters, which followed each other in 1995-1996 and 1996-1997. Passed the test

This is a very time-consuming process, which, however, has a positive effect on tree growth and yield. In order to protect the cherries from freezing in winter, its trunk is well wrapped with fallen snow (but it is important that the near-wellbore soil is well dug up).

The tree can produce very high yieldsThe young shoots of the tree are even, with a slight patina of gray color. They are distinguished by a light brown tinge of the bark, which on the shoots casts a greenish tint. On shoots very small round lentils and medium-sized vegetative buds are formed. Cherry blossoms blossoms, which consist of 2-3 flowers.Yellow cherry has a rounded heart-shaped fruits of yellow color. The flesh of the fruit is sweet, dense, light yellow. Stone ovoid shape. Transportability of fruits is insufficient. The stem of the sweet cherry is long, the attachment on the tree is strong.All the fallen leaves and pruned branches that must be burned. In the fallen leaves and other debris contains a huge number of disputes of various diseases that our garden can infect. After digging the area is carried out, so that the larvae of all the pests that went into hibernation were destroyed by frost.

Three basic forms of trimming

The advantages of varieties of yellow sweet cherry

The way out. Top dressing in autumn with potash and sodium fertilizers, creating alkaline and hydroxide groups in plants to increase winter hardiness. Avoiding wind. We plant a plant near fences or other wind obstacles. Fix the barrel, tying it to the support. We leave in the stansevy form. Plant, ablaktorovkoy, to the northern, adult plants. And create chimeras.Here isThe garden can be successfully grown in the Moscow region

Bryansk Pink, Iput (photo on the right), Tyutchevka.To protect the tree from rodents, its table is tied with spruce branches, or wrapped with roofing felt. When planting a seedling in a hole, a stake is dug in, which in winter will support the cherry tree, preventing it from bending.. Ripe yellow berries are very attractive, tolerate drought and prolonged rainy weather without any problems. Despite the fact that the sweet cherry “Homestead Yellow” refers to early varieties, there are no lesions on its flowers by spring frosts.

Lack of variety

The flowers are medium in size, their corolla is saucer-shaped. Petals are round, white, touching each other. It should be noted that the size of the leaves of this variety is quite large, their shape is elongate-oval, the color is dark green.

Flowering and ripening yellow cherry later. Fruits ripen at the same time. Yellow Droganum fructifies at the age of five years, the sweet cherry retains a yield of about 25 years.

Sweet cherry variety "Homestead Yellow"

More than 200 years ago, it was noticed that trees whitened with lime mortar, it is easier to tolerate severe frosts than not treated. In addition,

- It is rarefied, flattened and cupped. Basically, these forms differ in the number of branches left in the tiers of the tree. When the shape of the crown of the cherry is formed, pruning is carried out according to the usual schedule of fruit trees - dry, damaged or old branches are removed in the spring, and those branches that grow at the wrong angle or create excessive crown density.

Fruits of the variety "Homestead Yellow"

The virtues of this variety3 Branches and color buds.Tyutchevka. It winters well and can produce an annual harvest. But it is desirable to grow sweet cherries in the places protected from northern winds and having a convenient location. Better at the southern wall of the house. It will serve the tree as a wonderful cover from the northern winds. Moreover, the wall itself will create a thermal background and give heat to the tree during the day. The distance between the trees should be 3-3.5 meters. In the conditions of the Moscow region, the following varieties favorably feel: "Victory", "Golden loshidinskaya", "Leningradskaya black", "Zorka", "Compact", "Symphony", "Iput", "Revna", "Tyutchevskaya", "Ovgozhinka", "Chermashnaya", "Senyavskaya" and "Fatezh".Following the Bryansk scientists, selection of southern sissies was carried out in Michurinsk - in the Institute of Horticulture, the Institute of Genetics and Breeding of Fruit Plants, and in Orel - in the Institute of Breeding of Fruit Crops.

The tree is protected from other pests and diseases by special spring spraying. Solutions are selected individually, especially for the type of possible diseases and varieties of sweet cherries.

In addition, the variety has a high resistance to winter frosts. Very rarely affected by fungal diseases of cherries and such a pest, like a cherry fly. Thus, the variety is very beneficial for planting on the plot.

First of all, the most positive quality of the Drogana Yellow cherry variety is

Winter hardiness of cherries is quite high, and because of late flowering the tree does not fall under frost. Yellow cherry is drought tolerant, but it can be damaged by cherry flies and gray fruit rot.

Lime whitewashHowever, you should know that the sweet cherry is not so thick branches as other fruit trees, so it can do without thinning pruning. All theAre very high resistance to frost. Good resistance to diseases such as coccomycosis and monoliosis. Excellent yield and attractive fruit. Saturation dessert taste of berries.

Care in the stanse form and closing them with snow and other materials.- just recently harvested, fruits very abundant. Usually it is sweet, but this year there is some bitterness. So after unfavorable winters, we observe not only shallowing of fruits, not only changes in color (Fatezh, which usually has a pink flank on a yellow background, this year closer to the sun turned bright red), but also changes in taste. Those who were with bitterness, were without her, who did not have it - appeared. But all this, of course, is within the limits of the varietal reaction!There are two ways to grow a cherry tree

Oryol breeders have already transferred three novelties to the State trials -

It is very important to prune the shoots of a young tree so that larger berries form on them. In addition, pruning helps to properly form the crown, because it removes competing branches and those that grow into the inner part of the crown.

The advantages of the yellow cherry variety

A large and fast-growing sweet cherry tree of this variety delivers a lot of trouble to the gardener, as it requires constant monitoring of the growth of shoots and regular pruning. Lush crown takes a lot of space, so planting a lot of such trees on one site is not possible.High yieldAdvantages Drogana yellow - reliable and high yields, as well as good quality processed products. Yellow cherry is used for compotes, preserves. Sweet cherry berries can be dried, and they are not suitable for freezing. Go

Protects the tree from sunburn - after sunset the winter has a sharp drop in temperature, which our thermophilic beauty can not tolerate, and also kills the larvae of various insects left in the bark of the tree by insects.Wounds on a treeA very big disadvantage

4 Whitewashing plants with clay.

Cons varieties "Homestead"

: Graft on a cherry or sow seeds. In the first case, you should use a seedling or a cherry seedling of 2-3 years of age. Cherry is grafted onto it, but 2-3 branches of the cherry itself, as a stock, should be left. The inoculation is carried out at a height of one and a half meters from the ground level. If you sow cherries with stones, then you should do this as follows: first we bury them in the ground mixed in half with sand. You can do this in the garden, but better in pots or in small containers. And in the spring, as soon as the soil is thawed, we transfer the already “nested” bones into a cold place (cellar or refrigerator). In late May, when the earth warms up, proceed to landing. To do this, we make the grooves, and with an interval of 15 centimeters we expand these "naklyuvshiesya" sprouts cherries. Let the resulting seedling grows up in the garden. When it gets stronger (and this is not until next spring), it can be planted in a permanent place. Cherry prefers a light, breathable, well-fertilized soil with a neutral acidity reaction. In the autumn, trees must be whitened. This is best done at an air temperature of + 5 ° C, but not lower. Frost-resistant sweet cherry varieties can be purchased at the Moscow Society of Nature Testers or at the All-Russian Institute of Horticulture and Nursery.Oryol pink, Poetry and KidIn mature cherry trees it is important

Planting cherries - spring or autumn?

Young trees are whitened

Be sure to be treated with garden pitch and smeared with paint or linseed oil, since the cherries are characterized by an increased amount of blood flow, which can lead to illness or even the death of a tree.

Is the low transportability of the fruit. These berries should be consumed immediately after harvest. They are small and ripen unevenly.

All these recommendations will help to adapt the southern varieties and move them further to the North. Permafrost moves away. And areas, let and risky farming are increasing. Even if the width is not great, for the length of the territory of Russia is huge, it means that the area of ​​the territory that can be mastered is already of interest. We must not forget that in the south there is dehydration and salinization of land. And that means there is something to think about.

Choosing a place and soil for sweet cherries

- elite selection of the Bryansk selection. Still gradesNorthern varieties can tolerate frosts down to –27 ° С and freeze slightly only at temperatures below –30 ° C (especially in winters with little snow), but quickly recover.. The plants successfully withstood the temperature to minus 37.5 degrees and for eight years gave an average yield of 10.3 kilograms per tree. Fruits are juicy, large, weighing up to 6 grams. Trees are resistant to coccomycosis, a disease that has affected all varieties of cherries in recent years. Begin to bear fruit in the fourth year after planting.

Delete all dry and damaged branches

Late to bear fruitAlso, the variety is very resistant to low temperatures, and this applies to both generative buds and wood. There is no doubt that its wide distribution even in the northern regions is possible due to late flowering, which virtually eliminates the possibility of freezing of flowers. CelebratedThe most important advantage of yellow cherries is their high yield and fruit quality. Because of this, today they have become real competitors for the classic red berries. The most famous in our country are two varieties of such cherries. About them today will be discussed.

Planting sweet cherry "Homestead Yellow"

Chalk solution

If you are committed to getting

The fruits of this cherriesVladimir RodinOryol Amber, Leningrad Black, Leningrad Yellow

. For successful wintering of sweet cherries, the most important is the active growth of trees in summer and its timely termination at the end of the growing season. In this case, the plants accumulate the necessary nutrients, and the shoots will have time to mature.

How to water and fertilize?

The Malysh variety, a tree with a height of slightly less than 3 meters, is distinguished by its compactness and low growth, which in itself is a rarity for this tall culture. During the late spring holidays in May, the crown of the Kid is easy to cover with any non-woven material. The fruits are tender, bright yellow.And, if necessary, even branches. This will contribute to fruiting even in the respectable age of the tree., Although over time and make up for missed abundant crops.

High drought toleranceThe origin of this variety is not known, but it came to Russia from Germany. He received his name in honor of the Saxon breeder by the name of Drogan. Считается одним из самых старинных сортов черешни.​​, поскольку известь может повредить их еще неокрепшую кору.​

Защита дерева черешни от морозов, вредителей и болезней

​обильного и красивого урожая​

​широко востребованы, поскольку отлично подходят и для употребления в свежем виде, и для приготовления компотов и варений, и для заморозки на зиму. They have a rich dark red color and the same dark juice, rounded shape, fairly dense pulp and thick skin. Taste sweet, dessert with a little sourness.

Cherry seedlings and many other fruits (can be ordered with delivery in Moscow):

Cherry branch pruning

(This is just the parent of our varieties Fatezh and Chermashnaya). Of course, their winter hardiness, adaptability of the northern places was passed on to descendants even to a better degree than their parents. Have

Place for planting cherries should be elevated, it can not be planted in the lowlands, where cold air stagnatesOryol rose was the most resistant to frost and thaws, and Poetry was the most large-fruited (right photo).This article is a selection of materials on sweet cherries and its varieties cultivated in the Moscow region (Central Russia). The material is compiled by administrators including for personal use - to plant a sweet cherry on your site.

Cherry in the suburbs

Sweet cherry is a rather fastidious tree in the sense that it needs a very

And rare cases of fungal infections.Also, the variety is very widespread throughout the world - the “Drogan Yellow” sweet cherry can be found in Belarus, in Central Asia, and in the North Caucasus region of Russia. All this points toSure to

, Then of course you should take care ofBy weight reach 6.5 g, so they can be attributed to large berries. Stone medium size. This variety has excellent transportability and does not lose its taste and appearance when stored for up to 2 weeks in a cool place. The harvest is ready to be harvested at the end of June, which relates the variety Napoleon Black to the late ripening varieties.Oleg Funtikov, 214019 Smolensk ul.Krupskoy d. 61 "B" sq. 64

. Best southern or south-western slopes. From the prevailing winds, trees should be protected by plantings or buildings. Sweet cherry is a light-loving plant. It prefers loamy and sandy soils. Heavy clay and peat bogs are not suitable for it. The culture is demanding on soil moisture, but does not tolerate stagnant water, so it cannot be planted in areas with close groundwater levels.

A special place in the creation of winter-hardy sweet cherry belongs to the Moscow breeder Anatoly Ivanovich Evstratov. In the selection and creation of new varieties of sweet cherries, he used modern non-traditional methods of selection — radiation and chemical mutagenesis, when the initial seeds of sweet cherries were affected by gamma radiation and some “doping” substances.It is noteworthy that

Varieties of sweet cherries for the Moscow region

Carefully select a landing siteThe fruit has a very low level of transportability. He is not capable of self-pollinating, so he will have to plant other varieties of cherries in his garden. Very often affected by such a pest, like a cherry fly. Rainy weather can cause the berries to crack and cause a disease such as gray fruit rot.

High adaptability of the varietyWrap wrappingFeeding your garden

Trees of this varietyAvailability of e-mail [email protected] frost-resistant cherry about 15 varieties for the north: Pink winter-hardy, Mike, Iput, Drogana yellow, Severyanka red, Severyanka yellow, Amber, etc.Very high winter hardiness of flower buds. Proved its vitality variety

Landing is carried out in the spring, according to the scheme 3x3 m,

The experiments were carried out on cherry plantations of several hectares in the Kursk and Tula regions. As a result, the most hardy were selected from several thousand seedling trees, later they were tested for many years in the Moscow region. That is how sweet cherries appeared

Cherries were grown before our era in ancient Greece.. Otherwise, you risk instead of a large and fruit-bearing one, to get a small, fruit-bearing rare and small berries of the tree.

It is also interesting to read about the autumn pruning of sweet cherry.

And the fact that he probably didn’t just love gardeners.

Selection of winter hardy varieties of sweet cherries

Warming materials. They can be various rags, roofing felts, pine and spruce branches, which are also useful to mumble the near-wellbore circle. These measures are necessary not only to shelter from frost, but also to protect the tree from large pests. The roots of the tree perfectly protect a large snow drift, but snow must be chipped from the branches, since the wood of the cherries is very fragile, and damage to the branches is possible due to the heavy weight on them.

. It is necessary to soil the soil evenly with both mineral and organic substances. For the root system of the tree is better to use

High, reach 6 meters. Leafy crown dense, spherical. Resistance to frost is average. With good care in fruiting come from the 4th year after planting. Fruits annually. Average yMalovaty Andrei Georgievich, 400074 Volgograd ul. Bobruiskaya 4-44 Availability of a telephone house. (8442) 95-63-44, mob. 8-927-2553889 with 20-21 cherry varietal Valery Chkalov, Van, Krasnodar, Drogan yellow, Bagration, Dneprovka, Zaporizhia, Melitopol, Nectar, Diber black, Yaroslavna

Which contributes to better protection against sunburn and cold winds, as well as better pollination. To protect plants from frostbite, it is necessary 2 times a year (in spring and autumn) to whiten with lime, and not only stem, but also a fork of the main branches. Under the cherry can not make a large amount of fertilizer, as this leads to the formation of very strong growths that do not have time to mature by the end of the growing season and freeze out in winter. When planting on one planting pit, it is sufficient to deposit 10–15 kg of humus, 50–60 g of potassium sulfate, 100–120 g of superphosphate and 0.5–0.7 kg of lime. In the future, the same amount of humus and fertilizers applied annually under the digging. Waterlogging in the second half of the summer also leads to a prolonged increase and decrease in winter hardiness.Fatezh, Sinyavskaya, Cheremashnaya and CrimeanIn the Middle Ages, cherry orchards spread throughout Western and Central Europe, especially in Germany, northern Italy, and even in southern Sweden. In Europe, this culture has been cultivated for at least 2000 years. There is no complete data on the history of sweet cherries in our country. One can only assume that in the mountains of the Caucasus, where it grows wild, local residents have long introduced it to the culture. In the Crimea, it was grown by Greek colonists. It was in Kievan Rus, as evidenced by references in ancient Ukrainian songs.

Saplings of garden trees are usually planted both in spring and autumn. However, if we are talking about sweet cherries, it is best to stay in the spring. The reason lies in the fact that during the autumn planting a young and not strong seedling is likely to freeze. In any case, his young shoots will suffer.

Another very popular variety of yellow sweet cherries, whose parents are the Leningradskaya Krasnaya and Lenoshkoya Loshitskaya cherries. The yield and excellent quality of the fruit was obtained due to the special irradiation obtained from crossing the seeds with the help of fast neutrons.

By its size

The mostLiquid dressingsThe birth of one sweet cherry is 28kg

Nursery in the village of Vereya, Moscow region, before reaching the town of Zhukovsky, in the territory of the Bykovo industrial farm. -

The benefits of cherries and cherries

. True, after this mild winter, the stone units had damaged the kidney nodes. That is, that vascular system, which connects the buds, flower buds with the escape. Therefore, in some varieties, the drying on individual branches of already blossoming buds was noted.

Cherry blossoms somewhat earlier than cherry. Almost all varieties of cherries are self-fruitful (i.e., they require pollination by another variety), only a few have partial self-fertility

. It would be more fair to call the latter Moscow one, since it is distinguished by good winter hardiness and is used in the Moscow region as the best pollinator of other cherries.

Sweet cherries attracts not only humans, but also birds. From here comes her

Early spikes

Even if you have already purchased a sapling of a sweet cherry, it is better to dig it in a small groove, leaving only the branches on the surface. Also, in the winter, cover it tightly with snow (if there is no snow, and the temperature drops rapidly - cover with straw, peat or even an old veil). Thus, a sapling without harm will overwinter and you will be able to plant it successfully in the spring.

The most widely variety was zoned in the Central Black Earth region of Russia.

Fruits are pretty large


, Because dry can adversely affect the condition of the tree. Once every three years around cherries, the soil is dug up with the addition of

We regularly conduct experiments to study the hardiness of both cherries and cherries in controlled conditions of freezers, we set different modes. We model such a component as maximum frost resistance, and such as resistance to low temperatures immediately after a thaw, frost resistance. It turned out that the winter of 2005-2006 was a recheck of all our works on artificial freezing. After the winter of 2005-2006, all our results were fully confirmed. And the most winter-hardy, we can now safely call such varieties of cherries, as P

W. To set fruit, be sure to plant several varieties.


The undoubted leader is the new variety Fatezh - one of the seedlings of the Leningrad yellow F. K. Tetereva. The tree is not high - up to 3 meters, with a spreading crown, large branches, winter-hardy, almost the same as Vladimirskaya cherry - so far it has not been possible to achieve this. High-yielding - over the past four years has yielded up to 16 kilograms of fruit from a tree. The fruits are average (4.3 grams each), pink, with dense pulp, excellent dessert taste (at all tastings 4.7 points on a five-point scale are always obtained). Now Fatezh is successfully passing the state sports test and will probably be recommended for the Moscow region and other areas of the middle belt.

Latin name - Cerasus avium (bird cherry).

Formation of sweet cherry

All our varieties are self-productive, so we usually use combinations of Fatezh - Chermashnaya, Fatezh - Sinyavskaya, Fatezh - Crimea. Variety Crimean too small, but very good as a pollinator. Thanks to the pollen of this variety, the fruits of the larger varieties are well tied up. Fortunately, all the cherries that we have recently in the arena pereoplivat each other very well. We observe both Iput, and Revne, and Tyutchevka. They bloom at the same time, and at the same time get a good ovary.The growth of cherry shoots is intense, so it has to be restrained by conducting annual formative pruning. The gardener's task is to keep the tree in certain dimensions. Be sure to remove all branching, going inside the crown, unsuccessfully located branches, prevent the formation of sharp forks. During sanitary pruning, broken, diseased and dry branches are removed with obligatory cleaning of cuts and processing with garden putty.Cherry contains easily digestible sugars, potassium, sodium, calcium and magnesium. This berry has a great taste, is widely used in cooking.Nowadays, in stores in many countries, fresh cherries are sold all year round. And in France, several well-known factories specialize in the production of special cherry wine.Sweet cherry does not like cold and intense winds5.5 gramsAppointmentsSometimes gardeners useOrganicProbably, few gardeners know that with proper care on limestone soil with a high content of humus, cherries can be old-timers and grow to 100 years.The best ways to protect the garden from pestsWhat other difficulties can trap cherries?With proper placement on the site and proper care, sweet cherry gives a good harvest in the suburbs.About how to grow cherries and cherries, today books have already been published - for example, the book by A. Yushev is good. Also she is here.Sweet cherry is clearly better than cherry. Therefore, for its landing you need to select an area that will not be blown by the winds. At the same time, the landing site should be located to the south of the buildings and not obscured by other trees, since the cherry is demanding for sunlight.. The average diameter of a ripe berry is 2.1 centimeters. The shape of the fruit is round, characterized by a very wide funnel. At the base of the berries there is no depression. The abdominal suture is moderate.Use of sweet cherry varieties "Drogana Yellow"Covering nets for woodCan not be used because it can burn the root system of the tree, besides fresh fertilizers decompose much longer in the ground and, therefore, can not fulfill its purpose in time.Care featuresSince there are a great many varieties of sweet cherries, it is worthwhile to get acquainted with at least some of them in order to choose the tree that suits your taste.This season was distinguished by the fact that there was a very strong invasion of thrushes. Clouds of birds just demolished the entire crop before our eyes. They are usually saved from this by grids, which are thrown onto branches during maturation. These nets are sold, and you need to take care of them in advance. Or, as from old times, to use noise, rustling, frightening mechanical devices.

During the summer, the soil should not dry out. Pristvolny circle mulched mowed grass.‘Chermashnaya’ - medium tree (2.5–3 m). Winter hardiness is high. The variety is resistant to coccomycosis. The fruits are very early ripening (simultaneously with strawberries), of medium size (3.8 g), yellow, with juicy melting pulp, pleasant sweet taste with a little acid, table purpose.

- in favorable years, the best varieties of cherries yield 12–15 kg of fruit from a tree, cherries - 25–35 kg. In Cherry, unlike an apple tree, there is no periodicity of fruiting. She gives a crop annually. In recent years, monilia is severely damaged by cherry. With the northern varieties of cherries nothing like this happens.In matters of suitable soil, cherry also has its preferences. First of all, it should be noted that this tree is contraindicated for very high and stagnant humidity, as well as excessive dryness of the soil. Therefore, clay and cave soils are not suitable for it. The best option is loamy areas.The stem is long, during the period of removable maturity it can easily tear itself away from the branch. The cover and main color of the fruit is yellow. There are no subcutaneous points, the skin is smooth.Universal

About the benefits of sweet cherry

Which are lightweight and easy to use - such a security measure will help you save most of your harvest. One of the dangerous small pests is considered to be an unpaired silkworm and aphid, damaging the leaves and young shoots of the tree, the treetail, the larvae of which eat the berries from the inside. To protect the tree from these insects use

Comment from Vladimir

Nitrogen fertilizerFor different varieties of these trees differ slightly depending on where they are planted. For exampleFruits of the Kuban cherries

Cherry fruits contain carotene, nicotinic acid, a small amount of vitamin C. There are relatively many in the sweet cherry copper, manganese, zinc, cobalt, iron, and there is in it PP vitamin. Dark colored varieties contain many P-active compounds, phenolic and coloring matter, as well as coumarins. The fruits of sweet cherry have a vascular strengthening and anti-anemic effect.

I would like to emphasize that sweet cherry, on the one hand, is a moisture-loving culture, and on the other hand, it does not tolerate stagnant water. She needs well-drained soil. Well, in order to get a high yield so that the fruits are poured, irrigation is, of course, necessary. Drip irrigation, which is arranged in industrial gardens, is now quite possible to equip and in amateur gardening.

‘Raditsa’ - low growth tree, good winter hardiness. The variety is skoroplodny (enters fruiting on 4–5th year), fruitful. The fruits are very early ripening, of medium size (4.4 g), oval, dark red, almost black. The taste is very good (4.5 points).

In the Central region, good results show

The flesh is yellow. Its structure is gristly and very juicy. The juice has no color. The taste pulp is sweet and sour, rated by tasters by 4.7 points. Contains a relatively large amount of vitamin C, which in 100 grams of the fruit contains about 10.6 mg.

. It is noted that in the preparation of compotes berries are very productive. Also, they are well suited for making jam and drying. Not recommended for freezing, because of the thin skin, they simply spread out after thawing.

IntaVir and Insegar solutions, In liquid form, is watered on a tree in early spring and mid-summer, it can be ammonium nitrate, as well as ammonium sulphate.

In the northern regions of Russia

Can be called large. Their maximum weight reaches 8.2 g. Dark red berries of a round shape have a light pink flesh and the same light juice. Taste sweet, juicy, dessert. The stone and stalk are easily separated from the berries. Собрать урожай этого сорта можно уже в первый месяц лета, поэтому Кубанскую считают среднеранней черешней.​

​Много писалось о черешне, что культура южная, но наши прославленные садоводы, путем героического труда, преодолевая невзгоды погоды и российской действительности, вывели новые зимостойкие сорта. Мол, сажать косточками южан бесполезно и т.д. И вспомнились статьи Мичурина, который советовал вообще не заниматься ерундой. Everything is frozen out and this is a loss of effort, time and money. Do you feel how the rhetoric has changed? Now you can. Doubts crept into my head. And is it really so, as our scholars are writing?Photo on the right - Fatezh variety.

‘Iput’ is a variety of early ripening, medium strong. Winter hardiness is high, highly resistant to coccomycosis. Skoroplodny. Fruits are large, with an average weight of 6 g (sometimes up to 9 g), obtuse. The skin is dark red, almost fully black when ripe, the pulp is dark red, of medium density, tender, juicy, sweet. The variety is partially self-fertile.

Fatezh, Iput, Revna, Tyutchevka, Rechitsa, Raditsa, Bryansk Rose, Leningrad Black and Chermashnaya.The soil must be very carefully looked after

The stone in the fruit has an ovoid shape, in relation to the total weight of the berries is large (8.5% of the mass of the fruit). The advantage of this variety is that the bone is very easily separated from the pulp of the fruit.This variety of sweet cherry

Treated wood.

Sale of cuttings and saplings of sweet cherry:

Fertilizers with phosphorus and potassium

Seedlings are planted only in the spring, and

Trees of this variety

And he conducted his own experiments, in Moscow on the cultivation of southern varieties of sweet cherries, apricots, and walnuts from seeds

Like any other fruit plant,

‘Fatezh’ - low growth tree, height due to crown drooping is limited to 2.5 m. The variety is medium early, resistant to coccomycosis, high winter resistance. The first fruits appear in the 3rd year after planting 1-2 year old saplings. The yield in the first year of 4-5 kg ​​per tree. Fruits of medium size (4.5 g), rounded, pink-red skin, light pink flesh, medium density, cartilaginous. The taste is very good (4.7 points), sweet and sour. The fruits of universal use.

The first varieties of sweet cherries for the Central Chernozem region and southern Russia were brought to Rossoshanskoy experimental station -- dig and water. But it is worth considering that groundwater should be at a depth of at least 1.5 meters. Otherwise, the roots will constantly be washed away and may rot. If there is no suitable place, build a drainage system on the site that will constantly maintain the desired water level.

Purpose of fruits of sweet cherry of this grade table. Perfectly is suitable both for the fresh use, and for processing on jam and compotes.

Variety "Kuban Cherry".

Help a heat-loving tree easier to survive the cold, so they fertilize the soil in the fall. Also, the use of these particular minerals increases the sugar content in the berries by 25%. Such fertilizers include superphosphates, potash salt, buckwheat ash, which is also rich in lime - an important element for cherries during the fruiting period. The amount and type of fertilizer may vary depending on the composition of the soil. Thus, it was noted that mineral fertilizers are most important and useful for sandy soils, while organic fertilizers are less effective.In Ukraine

Have a wide, massive crown of average thickness. The leaves are dark green, oval, large, with a slightly pointed tip. Flowering begins early. The first harvest can be collected from a five-year tree. Despite the fact that the sweet cherry is a heat-loving tree, this variety tolerates winter frosts, but, surprisingly, it sometimes reacts badly to frosts in spring. With favorable growing conditions and proper care,. Hm The results.Sweet cherry reacts negatively to the proximity of groundwater

‘Oryol pink’ - medium tree (3.5 m), winter hardiness is high, the variety is relatively resistant to coccomycosis. Skoroplodnost high. Fruits of medium ripening period, medium size (4 g), wide-round, pink skin, pink flesh, juicy. The taste is very good, sweet and sour (4.4 points).Julia, Early pink, Rossoshanskaya large.

For planting, you can choose both annuals and biennial seedlings, the focus should be on its root system - it should be well developed and have many branches.Sweet cherry reaches a very large size in the fertile period. It is worth noting that d

Variety "Early Pink Cherry".

As an adultBordeaux mixture

For cherries, additional

, Known for its fertile black soil, the tree does not need careful feeding. Also quite simple is the care of cherries in the Moscow region.Yield is 12t / ha.

1 All seeds sprouted after stratification.. Determine the depth of occurrence with a shovel. Adapted to the conditions of the Moscow region varieties Chermashnaya and Fatezh, derived in the Institute of those of the garden-va (VSTSP, Biryulyovo). In noble areas, the Bryansk varieties show themselves well, they are sold in Sadko, as well as the old St. Petersburg-type Leningradskaya black.‘Poetry’ - height up to 3.5 m, average winter hardiness, relatively resistant to coccomycosis and moniliosis. Fruits have an average ripening period, above the average size (6 g), red-yellow color, heart-shaped, table purpose. The taste is excellent (4.8 points), sweet and sour.

Since the end of the 90s, they first appeared in the domestic State Register of breeding achievements.Pay attention to whether the seedling is grafted (the grafting site will be clearly visible), or grown from a stone. Choose the first option, because of the second most likely varietal sweet cherry will not grow.The tree is growing very fast

Reaches the big sizes, Which will prevent infection of the garden with moniliosis or gray mold, coccomycosis and nodules. Before processing it is necessary to clean the tree from all areas damaged by diseases (leaves, branches, berries).

Choice of cherry varieties

To date, more than 4000 varieties of sweet cherries have been bred. All of them can be divided into two large groups - "Bigarro" and "Guini."

Varieties of the "Bigarro" fruit abundantly. Their berries are large, with dense pulp and skin. These varieties - medium or late ripening, their fruits are used both fresh and for canning.

Varieties of the group “Guini” - early ripening. This group includes varieties of yellow sweet cherry. The pulp of varieties of the Guini group is sweeter than that of the Bigarro group. Their skin is tokoy, so they are suitable for eating only fresh.

Choosing a landing site

Cherries love a sunny, sheltered place. It is not recommended to plant a tree in light and heavy loams. The best soil for planting cherries is sandy. Good sweet cherry takes root on peat soil. If there are no trees of other varieties of this crop near the cherry tree, then it is worth choosing a place near the plum or cherry. In such a place, cherry is pereopolylyaetsya slightly worse, but the harvest will still be abundant.

Characteristics of cultivars

In order for the sweet cherry to give a bountiful and tasty harvest, you need proper care of the trees. If all the conditions of planting and care are met, then the tree in height can grow to 18-19 meters. In addition, each year they can be collected from each of them for 40-45 kg of berries. However, it should be said that the tree does not begin to bear fruit immediately after planting, but must pass 4-6 years. A generous and full-fledged harvest of sweet cherries pleases gardeners only on the 9-10th year after planting.

All gardeners know about 3000 varieties of cherries, among them the most popular:

  • Bigarro The berries have a dense and crispy flesh. You can eat them fresh, as well as during the preparation of various dishes and preserves, jams. The juice obtained from the berries of this variety, slightly colored. Very good are various drinks and compotes made from cherries of the Bigarro variety, because these berries do not lose their elasticity, even after the cooking process.
  • Gini These berries, unlike the fruits of the variety Bigarro, have a soft and juicy flesh. Due to these properties, these fruits are rarely used in cooking and are not very transportable. However, they are recommended to be eaten fresh, as they are very tasty and healthy.

If 50 years ago this crop was grown only in southern latitudes, today, thanks to specific care and planting, it can be planted in colder regions of Russia. However, one should not forget that this culture belongs to the cross-pollinated. Therefore, next to it should be planted trees pollinators. In this case, sweet cherries will delight with a tasty and abundant harvest.

The following cultivars are most often grown in Russia:

  • Go This variety of trees is quite resistant to cold winters. Yields a crop in medium quantities, up to 30 kg. Refers to medium-early varieties. The culture is resistant to some dangerous plant diseases, for example, coccomycosis and nodule. The berries of this variety are quite large, their weight is on average 7-8 grams. The color of the fruit is bright or dark red. Ripe berries are almost black. They taste very sweet.
  • Variety "Fatezh". In height, these trees reach 2.7 meters. Every year this variety of crops with the right care gives a rich harvest - up to 45 kg. Fruits appear at 5-6 year after planting a tree. The color of the fruit is red. The berries are sweet in taste. In addition, this crop can be grown for decorative purposes, as the trees of this variety have a very beautiful neat crown.
  • Unbelievable. With proper care, this type of trees is experiencing a good winter. Fruits berries yellow. Fruits are sweet, with a slight sourness. Suitable for culinary use for making jams and compotes. By themselves, the trees of this variety are very tall, so they periodically need pruning of the crown.
  • Crimean. This variety of trees is experiencing a great winter cold. It belongs to the early varieties, as it begins to bear fruit in early summer. Fruits have juicy pulp. The color of the berries is pink. Great for homework for the winter. Crimean sweet cherry fruits abundantly, up to 40 kg of berries can be harvested annually. It belongs to the decorative varieties, as the trees grow low, and have the original "drooping" crown. The berries themselves are of medium size. The weight of each fruit does not exceed 5 grams.
  • Tyutchevka. The variety is resistant to winter cold. Trees abundantly bear fruit and yield up to 45 kg of crop annually. The cherries of this variety grow to a height of up to 3 m. The berries have a dark red color. Their sizes are quite large. Weight from 4 to 7 grams. The taste of the fruit is sweet. Berries are used both for fresh consumption and for preparation of compotes, jams, marshmallow.
  • Bryansk pink. Refers to late varieties. It is experiencing cold winters quite well. Fruits in the 5-6th year after planting. The berries are of medium size. Their weight varies around 4-5.5 grams. Have a pink tint. Fruits are juicy, with a slight sourness. It is consumed fresh and after cooking. So, quite good are the compotes of this type of sweet cherry.

Sweet cherry pruning

Caring for cherries is not only a timely watering and fertilizer, but also pruning crown. The very first pruning is carried out immediately after planting the seedling in the hole. This is done in order to balance the underground and above-ground part of the seedling. So, 4 healthy branches are selected and cut by one third, while the rest of the branches are cut off completely.

The second pruning is carried out in the second year of the tree life. This is necessary so that a few new side branches appear on the seedling.

The crown of the trees should have a sparse-tier view. The first tier consists of 3 large branches, the second - of 2 skeletal shoots, the third tier - of one branch. Active growth of the branches of the tree is observed in the first 5 years. It is during this period that annual crown pruning should be carried out.

Further, in the process of growing and growing a tree, it is necessary to remove dry and damaged branches.

Watering, cleaning the weeds in cherries

Sweet cherry belongs to cultural plants. She does not tolerate nearby weeds. Therefore, it is recommended to do timely weeding of the bed. There should be no weeds in the circle. Every year the forest zone should be expanded, so, if in the first year it is about 80 cm, then by the second year of the tree’s life there should already be more than 1 meter. Then annually should increase the trunk circle by 20-50 cm.

As for watering, then, as mentioned above, the cherry does not like the abundance of water, so it is enough to water the trees three times a year. In addition, the soil should be mulched every year. For this fit peat, foliage. Do not forget to loosen the soil in pristvolnom circle. After you have done this, add fertilizer to the ground.

There is a small secret from gardeners how to attract more bees to the tree and increase its pollination. So, it is recommended periodically in the summer period to spray the tree with honey solution. By increasing pollination, you can significantly increase the amount of the harvested crop.

Between the trees it is recommended to arrange small beds on which to grow various garden crops. This will save the sweet cherry in winter and save it from the harmful effects of frost.

As a fertilizer for trees, manure, humus, water infusion of ash, as well as nitrogen, potash and complex supplements will be suitable. In addition, in the spring, 70 grams of urea is added to the ground around the cherries. In spring and autumn, tree trunks must be whitened. This will help protect the trees from cracking the bark.

Variety of sweet cherry "Drogana Yellow"

The origin of this variety is not known, but it came to Russia from Germany. He received his name in honor of the Saxon breeder by the name of Drogan. It is considered one of the most ancient varieties of sweet cherries.

Also, the variety is very widespread throughout the world - the “Drogan Yellow” sweet cherry can be found in Belarus, in Central Asia, and in the North Caucasus region of Russia. All this points to high adaptability of the variety and the fact that he probably didn’t just love gardeners.

Cons varieties "Homestead"

A large and fast-growing sweet cherry tree of this variety delivers a lot of trouble to the gardener, as it requires constant monitoring of the growth of shoots and regular pruning. Lush crown takes a lot of space, so planting a lot of such trees on one site is not possible.

Also, the tree starts late to bear fruit, although over time and make up for missed abundant crops.

Care for yellow cherries

During the summer, the cherry tree needs three full-scale waterings, after which the trees need to be thoroughly mulched. If you do not have the opportunity to mulch the wood species, at least break the soil crust.

Crop Yellow Cherry possible only in spring time. In the process of pruning, get rid of annual branches. The height of the center conductor must exceed the level of skeletal branches by at least 20 cm.

While the cherry orchard is still relatively young, the aisles can be further filled with strawberries, flower crops, and berry bushes. However, note that the crowns of the trees will close in the shortest possible time, so that such plantings are planned exclusively for a limited period of time. In these places, perennial plantings will not work.

In the year of planting should be supported by the method of black steam. It is worth destroying weed plants on a permanent basis. Next year, the diameter of the trunk circle will be equal to a meter. With each future year, it will increase by another half a meter. Constantly cover the trunk circle with mulch and clean it as thoroughly as possible from weeds.

Yellow cherries are characterized by early flowering and fruiting. So, the soil must constantly be enriched with a large supply of nutrients. Fertilize the soil in autumn. It is desirable to combine organics with mineral nutrients.

The optimum depth for fertilizing is 20 cm. The use of dry fertilizers can cause the opposite effect to the expected. If you are a resident of a dry area, first dissolve mineral fertilizers in water, and only after that put it in areas where the maximum number of suction roots has accumulated.

Variety "Napoleon black cherry".

Watering both in summer and before winterBut we should not forget - if we want to receive the maximum level of harvest from the garden - it is necessary to know some subtleties of caring for it.

The advantages of the Kuban variety

2 All ten cherries have grown, not frozen. In the fourth year gave the harvest. Only one cherry tree went wild, the rest were successful.As soon as the sweet cherry comes into fruiting, we‘The dawn of Zhukov’ is a middle-growth tree, winter hardiness is good. The variety is fruitful. Fruits have an average ripening period, below average and medium size (3-4 g), pink in color. The variety is very good for processing.The main variety for resistance to winter damage in our lane is

The distance between the seedlings in the garden should be at least 3-3.5 meters. Between the rows - 5., Although the first harvest begins to give only 6 year after planting. The crown of the tree has a spherical shape. Its thickness is average. A distinctive feature of the tree is a tiered disposition of its branches.. His crown is very thick, wide-round or round-pyramidal in shape.

​Поскольку черешня является самобесплодным деревом, то при её посадке надо формировать сад так, чтобы на участке присутствовало не менее 2 – 3 сортов для перекрестного опыления. Также для этой цели прекрасно подойдут вишневые деревья, если их время созревания совпадает с черешней.​

. Опытные садоводы советуют​​Проводить​​можно назвать раннюю спелость плодов, привлекательный вид и отличные вкусовые характеристики, богатую урожайность и хорошую устойчивость к морозам.​​3 Абрикосы. All the first and second years were frozen out.) Except for one.)) Why you ask? A new winter-hardy variety has been cut. And no. I just planted the first year next to the adult plum. Then he cut the plum bark, trimmed the apricot bark on one side and injected the young apricot stem under the plum bark. Interlacing. And the apricot survived. In the third year I cut the plum. In 2012, this apricot was the first flowering. This year I am waiting for the harvest. I ask you to consider this method of ablaktorovka, as a way to improve winter hardiness. And not as breeding a new variety. Plum acted as a mentor (teacher) and bulk antifreeze, to increase winter hardiness. On my site apricots of different breeds grow and bear fruit. Red-cheeked, Son of Red-cheeked and other varieties.Remove the central conductor, translate it to the side branches‘Tyutchevka’ - tree is medium thick, high winter hardiness. The variety is resistant to coccomycosis, skoropplodny, high yields. Fruits have an average ripening period, large (5.3–7.4 g), of a beautiful dark red color, universal purpose. The flesh is thick, juicy, gristly, the taste is excellent, sweet (4.9 points).

Fatezh (photo right).

How to cut a sweet cherry

Pit digging around to a depth of 60-70 centimetersUnlike the Drogana Yellow cherries variety, thisFaceliness is also thick. Despite the fact that the tree occupies a lot of garden space, it is precisely its dimensions that ensure the high yield of the variety. Fruits are mainly such a part of the tree as the bouquet twigs. However, a small part of the fruit is also formed on the basis of annual shoots.It is best to plant the cherryFirst watering

Sweet cherry pruningDisadvantages4 The same method instilled in cherries, cherries. But the cherry did not cut. The trees have grown together. Cherry has overtaken the cherry in growth and now it is a two-tiered plant. Most likely, the service life of the cherry will increase, since the cherry has a life expectancy of 50 - 100 years. Winter hardiness of this chimera will also increase. Most likely, this method, as well as the transfer of plants into stanseum form, can promote southern cultures far to the north., To stop a little bit of growth and thereby stimulate the creation of new fruit formations. Pruning is a creative work; a person can prune a tree for his own purposes: to shorten a crown or give it some form. All this can be done with desire and skill. The basic rules for sanitary pruning for cherry are the same as for other fruit crops. But in the formation of cherries it is necessary to take into account the biological characteristics of this culture. Sweet cherry is a poorly branching breed. For almost all varieties of cherries, a longline arrangement of the branches is characteristic, with 5-8 forming in one tier. Of course, it is undesirable to leave such an amount, since as they grow, weak branches are replaced by strong ones and die. Therefore, the extra branches should be removed when they have a small diameter. In addition, we must bear in mind this‘Revna’ - a tree of medium size, high winter hardiness. Resistance to coccomycosis and klyasterosporioz high. Variety skoroplodny, fruitful, dessert destination. Fruits of medium late ripening, large (5–8 g), flat-round, almost black in color, firm flesh, juicy, excellent sweet taste (4.9 points). The variety is partially self-fertile.

The high resistance of flower buds, bark, wood allows you to wait for the annual harvest.. The upper excavated soil layer is mixed with organic and mineral fertilizers (humus, superphosphate and saltpeter) and slides into the pit. It should be poured another layer of non-fertilized soil and you can plant a tree.Variety refers to early

The flowering of the tree comes relatively late, as well as the ripening of the fruit. Cherry ripening usually occurs at the end of June.In early spring, otherwise she may not have time to take root before the frost and simply can not stand them. Place for landing must be prepared in the fall. To do this, clean the area from weeds and debris, pour out up to 2 buckets of humus to the loosened bottom of the landing pit, mix with the ground and leave it until spring.To hold before the flowering of the tree, because during the blooming of flowers it is not recommended to do this - the tree can shed the ovary. The following hold several times during the summer.

How best to feed the cherry tree

Necessary because the growth of the trunk and branches is very intense, which can lead to subsequent inconveniences during harvesting. InSame are: poor resistance to diseases such as coccomycosis, the presence of a very wide crown.5 Walnut. Five nuts were planted. Spring sprouted all five. The crows immediately pecked sprouts. Saved one sprout. I managed to close the can. For five years, never froze. Last year, gave the harvest. One nut.)) Walnut large. Gave a neighbor to breed.Peculiarity of sweet cherry: fruit formations are formed in it mainly on 2-3-year-old wood and at the base of one-year growth, where 5 to 7 flower buds are laid.‘Michurinskaya late’ is a variety of late ripening. Winter hardiness is above average, relatively resistant to coccomycosis. The tree is medium. Enters fructification in the 3-4th year. Fruits are above average sizes (5.5–6.5 g), wide heart, universal purpose. The skin is dark red, the flesh is red, tender. The taste is sweet and sour, good.We collect from 14-year-old trees of this variety up to 50 kg each, and up to 25 kilograms from younger, 7-8 year olds.After filling the soil, the soil is well compacted and watered. It is important that the root neck of the sweet cherry remains above the surface for about 5 centimeters.. Thus, a tree begins to bloom earlier, and a period of removable ripeness of fruits begins. The variety has a very high yield. The tree is poorly suited for planting in industrial gardens, it is recommended to plant it on home gardens (which can be understood even from the name of the variety).Ripening fruits simultaneously

In the spring in the same pit addIt is very important to water it at the end of the autumn - during the digging of the near-stem circle, the cherry is poured abundantly with water (it is necessary to use up to 100 liters of water on an adult tree) to charge the soil with moisture.First 5 years after landingFruits of this varietyConclusion Not everything is as bad as botanists say. Why is it that what was previously considered impossible is now the norm? It's not even about new varieties and genetic manipulations. This showed experience with cherries. Changing climate and electromagnetic field. It means that energy, informational limiters have been removed. It is necessary to consider the entire biogenesis of the Earth as a whole and understand that the migration of people, the animal and the insect world, and the plant world are interconnected. So, biological migration is now the norm, not the exception. So, attempts to transfer new varieties to other territories are doomed to success.

Therefore, one has to be careful when shortening the one-year increment while reducing the crown. Ignorance of the location of the vegetative buds in case the entire one-year growth is cut can even lead to the death of the tree. We seem to cut the skin off to him. As Maina Vladimirovna Kanshina, a breeder with 30 years of experience, advises that he is the author of many cherry varieties known to gardeners bred at the Bryansk Institute of Lupine, the best type of cherry formation is sparsely longline. In each tier should be placed three main skeletal branches extending from the conductor at an obtuse angle. All other shoots in the longline are removed on the ring. The distance between the tiers should remain at least 50 cm.‘Bryansk Rose’ is a tree with restrained growth. Winter hardiness is high. The variety is skoroplodny, highly resistant to fungal diseases. Fruits of late ripening, medium size (4–5 g), pink with speckled pattern, rounded. The flesh is light yellow, dense, gristly, sweet taste. Variety universal purpose.

Proper watering cherries

This sweet cherry is very decorative: at Fatezh a drooping crown, branches grow at an obtuse angle and sometimes lean to the ground. And the branches that will be inclined, you can not remove. In case they are covered with snow during severe damaging winters, what will remain under the snow will be with the harvest. This is a forgivable feature of amateur gardening: what a person does not have time to do by the rules, sometimes even looks happy.Cherries are very demanding on large quantities of water, thereforeThe shoots of the tree are straight, brown-brown color. They are medium in thickness, but they have very good foliage. The leaves are also large, as in the variety Drogana Yellow, but have a light greenish color. On the shoots a sufficiently large number of buds are formed, which differ in round-conical shape.​.​Superphosphate and ash,

After wateringIt is necessary to shorten long increments up to 50 cm, and pay special attention to the inclination of the growth of branches (preferably an angle of 45 to 50 degrees), since the wood of the cherries is very fragile and when the branches break, the bark is likely to be damaged in large sections of the trunk.Small, about 5g, yellow with a red blush. The flesh is cream-colored, juicy, the juice is transparent. The stone is dark yellow, poorly separated from the pulp. The berries are very beautiful, especially in the sun, these gardens look amazing. The variety of this sweet cherry belongs to mid-ripening, the harvest can be gathered in the middle of June.

It is especially important to understand how the death of trees occurs during the winter period. It is necessary to consider several components. This is the root system, stem, branches, color buds.Formation and trimming should be carried out annually:Landing is a very important matter, it is important to know some rules and many nuances. As we fill the planting pit, as we put food, so we will develop a plant. For example, we have already this year noted the entry into fruiting of two-year-old saplings planted last spring with annuals. Therefore, the landing pit size 70 to 70 to 60 (depth) must be well filled, put 2-3 buckets of rotted manure, always rotted, and not fresh! Add about 60 grams of superphosphate or phosphate rock, 60 grams of potassium sulphate or wood ash 300-500 g. As a complete mineral fertilizer, you can use nitroammofosku.

Another variety is Chermashnaya (photo on the right).

The best ways to protect the garden from pests

Watering should be regularInflorescences consist of three flowers that are large in size. The color of flowers is white.

The first flowering can be observed already after 4-5 years after planting the seedling at a permanent place. At the same time, the tree bears fruit almost to the age of 25.And all mixed up. No wayIt is desirable to mumble near-stem circle. You should know that the cherry does not like stagnant moisture, so when planting it is worth considering the depth of groundwater.

MainDepending on the sun, it ripens unevenly. With a large amount of precipitation, berries can crack. On the tree, they are stored well, they do not crumble; when overriding, the taste qualities only improve, the taste becomes more dessert. When removing the crop easily crumpled, quickly covered with dark spots. Therefore, this variety of sweet cherry is absolutely not suitable for transportation.1 Root system

Immediately after planting, before fruiting, during fruiting. Also, do not forget about pruning and care for frozen trees. This is a serious job that you can’t tell in two words. There is a special literature on this topic, and the main information is well described in the book by MV Kanshina and A.A. Astakhov Cherry in central Russia (Bryansk, 2001)Well-groomed saplings are already in the second year above human growth. If the pit is filled with fertilizers in spring, organic fertilizers are mixed with all the soil that will be applied to the pits. 2/3 of the norm of phosphate and potash fertilizers should be laid on the bottom of the pit and repaired. The remaining 1/3 of the norm mixed with the soil and pour a mound. Seedling roots are isolated by a small layer of soil. In the upper half of the pit, where the root system of the seedling is located, mineral fertilizers are not applied, but are covered with soil mixed with organic fertilizers. On podzolic soils, mineral fertilizers are mixed with carbonated lime (or dolomite flour - 300-400 g) in a ratio of 1: 0.5 before application in order to avoid local acidification. Nitrogen fertilizers - ammonium nitrate, urea - are applied to the second irrigation.It is an early variety, ripening one of the first, simultaneously with the strawberries, at the end of June, just after honeysuckle. Yellow fruits are distinguished by tender, very juicy pulp, for taste and appearance they are so popular in amateur gardening.

Throughout the growing season. Acceptable frequency - once a month. At the same time, during the dry months, the frequency is increased to once a week.The most positive quality of this variety is that itYieldCannot be deeply buriedBecause

Skeletal branchesEarly Pink TreesIt suffers not so much from frosts, as from the level of groundwater, the root collar podpryvaniya (finding a plant in the fall).The cherry grows and has already begun to bear fruit, and suddenly the unfavorable winter has frozen. Is this the end?Very responsive to spring fertilization with nitrogen fertilizers.

The place of landing for sweet cherry, microrelief plays a very large role. Sometimes, in the open, even in the more southern areas of the Tula and Kaluga regions, our cherries feel a little worse. In addition, sweet cherries must be planted in areas slightly elevated, but not on a hill. It will not grow in lowlands or on moors. The culture is very light-loving. The soil should be light, best of all - medium loam. If the soil is clay - you need to add sand, if sandy - add clay.At a young ageSelf-infested

Seedling in the ground, its root neck when planting should be 5 cm above ground level. Since the sweet cherry is a large tree, the distance between the trees should be at least 3 meters.Sweet cherry frost resistance is low

Very strong, for the formation of the crown is enough to leave 5 - 6 pieces, of which are formed 3 tiers of branches. One year after the formation of the upper single branch, the center conductor must be cut.Refer to medium height, the maximum height is 5m. Deciduous crown rounded, not very thick. The bark is gray, rough, with a cherry sheen, has a longitudinal cracking. Leaflets elongate, ovate, with a slightly pointed tip, up to 18 cm long, and up to 7 cm wide on young shoots. Enough long, thin, slightly bumpy petiole, light brown.1.1 The creation of lawns, sewage disposal, by digging under the slope of the grooves in the lowland.No In our institute, we had just such an experience: the trees were cut into hemp, causing the growth of adventitious, dormant buds, so as to rejuvenate the plant so that they form a new crown on the resulting shoots. It is also often said that after the central conductor died, the lateral shoots go into growth. While they have not yet gained vegetative mass, it is possible to make a leader from one shoot, and others to form a type of skeletal branches. In the northern regions, sweet cherries can be grown in the form of a low-growing shrub with 3-5 trunks. For this, in spring the annuals are cut above the fifth or sixth buds, giving the opportunity to develop lower shoots, which can then play the role of skeletal branches. When growing cherries in several trunks space is spent more economically.For this purpose, you can use either soluble or granular embedded in the soil. Sweet cherries grow quickly from good nutrition, can give a gain up to a meter over a season, and up to one and a half meters for individual varieties. But you can not overfeed the plant with a large number of mineral fertilizers. Overfeeding leads to the freezing of strong undigested growths in the winter.

In the world there are currently up to four thousand varieties of sweet cherries. All varieties are divided into two groups - bigarro and gini. Bigarro - varieties with dense cartilaginous pulp, with colorless or slightly colored juice. They are good not only for fresh consumption, but also for processing (sweet cherry compotes are considered to be the best among stone fruit compotes), since their flesh is not boiled soft. As a rule, these are varieties of medium and late ripening. Gini - varieties with delicate juicy sweet pulp, the juice is little or completely unpainted. These are varieties of table purpose and mostly early ripening. The period of consumption of the northern varieties stretched from late June to early August.

Features of the form

It is a majestic tree, reaching 10 m in height (and specimens up to 30 m in southern latitudes) and having a beautiful decorative crown with foliage of different shades, sweet cherry is famous for its excellent fruits - a tasty globular, sometimes somewhat elongated shape with tender pulp. Яркие плоды, окраска которых варьируется от бледно-желтых до бордово-черных тонов и зависит исключительно от сорта, наряду с вкусовыми ценятся своими лечебными свойствами.

Зацветает черешня в конце марта (на юге), апреле – мае (в умеренных зонах), превращая участок в волшебный сад чудес. Зонтичные соцветия из белых мелких цветов, распускающихся одновременно, чрезвычайно декоративны.

Тонкости посадки черешни

The cultural characteristics, as natives of the southern places, determine the requirements for choosing a site for planting. It should be:

  • sunny
  • maximum protected from the north winds
  • located on the south side of a slope or artificially created small elevation.

Cherries love fertilized water and breathable light loam or sandstone. The moisture-loving culture is sensitive to seasonal approaches or the constant occurrence of groundwater, it will not develop in such places. To obtain weighty harvests, several varieties are planted, which will create cross-pollination necessary for plants, since cherries are self-fruit crops.

The best time for planting cherries is early spring, but it’s coming in the fall:

  • dig a hole 0.8 meters wide and 0.6 meters deep
  • remove the soil mixed with 20 kilograms of humus and fill the pit, covering for the winter,
  • add 0.35 kg of superphosphate and 1 kg of ash to the prepared soil in the spring.

Cherry can not be overfed. This will lead to the formation of numerous shoots, most of which will not have time to ripen before the end of the growing season and will freeze out in winter.

Acquired seedlings carefully inspect, slightly pruned roots for intensive branching and planted, without digging into the root of the neck. It should be on the same level with the soil layer. After planting, the plant is watered generously, the soil is mulched. Sweet cherry is a spreading culture, therefore trees are planted with an interval of at least 3-3.5 meters.

As a rule, two-year-old saplings are purchased in nurseries. If the crown of their excessively branched, you can prune the branches, focusing on the central stem. True, this should be done only if the planting is carried out in the spring during a quiet period, i.e., sap flow and kidney swelling are not yet observed. With later plantings pruned branches can not be. We'll have to wait until next spring.

Sweet cherry care

For the season, sweet cherries require several high-quality abundant irrigations, each of which must be accompanied by loosening the soil and removing weeds in the near-stem circle or updating the mulch. Especially useful for tree prewinter watering, i.e. held just before the onset of cold weather. Painless wintering cherry will help and fertilizer potash-phosphate group at the rate of 50 grams. 1 square meter of superphosphate per crown projection.

Early flowering and fruiting require an impressive supply of food, so organic and nitrogenous fertilizers are used to replenish them in spring. There are some rules for making dressings:

  • fertilizers in granules are poured into trenches around the circumference of the trunk circle, sealing them to a depth of 0.2 m,
  • fertilizing with dry fertilizers cannot be carried out in dry areas, otherwise the roots will not receive the necessary nutrition,
  • top dressing dissolved in water does not need to be applied directly under the trunk - in this area there are roots incapable of absorption. Serve nutrient solutions need for the entire area of ​​the circle of the trunk circle, focusing on its borders, projected by the crown.

A good way to increase yield is planting green manure plants (legumes and honey plants) in early August. Before the onset of cold weather, you can get high-quality green fertilizer, suitable for autumn planting in the soil pristvolnyh circles.

Being a close relative of cherry, sweet cherry surpasses it in resistance to various diseases, however, it is necessary to carry out preventive measures. Protective wood treatment Bordeaux liquid or "Fundazole", carried out in the spring and after harvest.

The rapid increase in sweet cherry necessitates its containment by pruning. Carry out this procedure, based on the necessary knowledge:

  • it is possible to cut both sanitary and formative pruning in the spring before the culture awakens,
  • fresh sections are cleaned with a sharp knife and treated with garden pitch,
  • during the growth of a tree, annual shoots are shortened annually by a quarter.

Summer pruning is quite applicable to strongly branching young cherries, which accelerates crown formation and promotes fruit growth, since flower buds are located in the middle part of the shoots and after processing their growth is activated.

Crown cherries can be very diverse: in the form of a ball, a pyramid or a spreading bush. It is more convenient to create a crown on a sparsely-tiered or cupped principle. Ways of formation chooses a gardener. In this case, the area of ​​the site, its features and the shape of the tree are taken into account.

Longline crown suitable for cherries with intense branching. The lower tier consists of several branches, two of which grow at the same level, and the third - higher by 20 cm. The second tier is built on the same principle and is 65–70 cm from the first. Two branches are formed on the same level as the third single branch that grows 30 cm higher. Of particular importance is the angle of separation of branches from the trunk, because when broken, fragile wood is deeply wounded and can become infected. As skeletal, it is better to leave strong branches with an angle of 45-50 °.

With proper care, the fruit of the sweet cherry starts in the 5-6th year, delighting the gardener not only with excellent beneficial fruits, but with magnificent decorativeness of beautifully formed trees.

Yellow cherry: requirements for proper planting and choosing a suitable place

Sweet cherry is a rather fastidious tree in the sense that it needs to very carefully select a place for planting. Otherwise, you risk instead of a large and fruit-bearing one, to get a small, fruit-bearing rare and small berries of the tree.

Planting cherries - spring or autumn?

Saplings of garden trees are usually planted both in spring and autumn. However, if we are talking about sweet cherries, it is best to stay in the spring. The reason lies in the fact that during the autumn planting a young and not strong seedling is likely to freeze. In any case, his young shoots will suffer.

Even if you have already purchased a sapling of a sweet cherry, it is better to dig it in a small groove, leaving only the branches on the surface. Also, in the winter, cover it tightly with snow (if there is no snow, and the temperature drops rapidly - cover with straw, peat or even an old veil). Thus, a sapling without harm will overwinter and you will be able to plant it successfully in the spring.

Spring planting should begin with the thawing of snow, when the soil is already suitable for processing. This time is particularly effective for the effective growth of sweet cherries. With a later planting the tree will not be able to develop well, because immediately after planting the temperature will begin to rise sharply.

Choosing a place and soil for sweet cherries

It is very important to know that sweet cherry does not like cold and intense winds. Therefore, for its landing you need to select an area that will not be blown by the winds. At the same time, the landing site should be located to the south of the buildings and not obscured by other trees, since the cherry is demanding for sunlight.

In matters of suitable soil, cherry also has its preferences. First of all, it should be noted that this tree is contraindicated for very high and stagnant humidity, as well as excessive dryness of the soil. Therefore, clay and cave soils are not suitable for it. The best option is loamy areas.

Also, the soil must be very carefully looked after - to dig and water. But it is worth considering that groundwater should be at a depth of at least 1.5 meters. Otherwise, the roots will constantly be washed away and may rot. If there is no suitable place, build a drainage system on the site that will constantly maintain the desired water level.

Planting sweet cherry "Homestead Yellow"

For planting, you can choose both annuals and biennial seedlings, the focus should be on its root system - it should be well developed and have many branches.

Pay attention to whether the seedling is grafted (the grafting site will be clearly visible), or grown from a stone. Choose the first option, because of the second most likely varietal sweet cherry will not grow.

The distance between the seedlings in the garden should be at least 3-3.5 meters. Between the rows - 5. The pit is digging around to a depth of 60-70 centimeters. The upper excavated soil layer is mixed with organic and mineral fertilizers (humus, superphosphate and saltpeter) and slides into the pit. It should be poured another layer of non-fertilized soil and you can plant a tree.

After filling the soil, the soil is well compacted and watered. It is important that the root neck of the sweet cherry remains above the surface for about 5 centimeters.