Rabbits are shy and prone to stress. Therefore, a novice rabbit grower should consult with a veterinarian: how to give pills, bury solutions and apply ointment.
Prepare a place before the treatment procedure. If the rabbit is calm, it can be carried out on the table or on the floor. But all sharp and breakable objects that can give splinters must still be removed. If the rabbit behaves restlessly, it should be swaddled, but not very tight (for example, wrap in a towel).
There are several ways to take pills:
- some rabbits take a pill from the palm and swallow themselves,
- does not take - hide the tablet in a piece of your favorite food,
- or crush the pill and mix with dry food,
- still does not swallow - dissolve the tablet in water and try to drink,
- It does not work - type the solution into the syringe (only without a needle!) and inject a little through the corner of the mouth.
Eye drops and ointments are more convenient to apply on the floor. Ointment should not fall on the eyeball. After completing the procedure, cover the eyelid and gently massage it. Bury the drops in the ear gently and close to the ear opening, then massage the ear.
And no amateur! Something you do not know - consult with a veterinarian. Otherwise, it can harm the rabbit, even to death.
Chamomile (Chamomilla). It has a bactericidal, anti-inflammatory, anti-allergic and sedative effect. Sometimes I give warm rabbits tea to her as a prophylaxis and, in general, always for any ailments.
Plantain (Plantago) - fresh leaves (especially juice) have a broad antimicrobial effect. Stops inflammation, the growth of abscesses and quickly heals wounds and ulcers.
Treats diseases of the stomach and intestines, dysentery and dyspepsia, bronchitis and pneumonia.
Dandelion (Taraxacum officinale) - has a choleretic, antipyretic, laxative, expectorant, sedative, antispasmodic and mild sedative effect. Its leaves improve digestion, appetite and general metabolism, as well as enhance the excretion of milk in nursing rabbits and increase the overall tone of the body. Antimicrobial, antiviral, fungicidal, anthelmintic, anticarcinogenic, and antidiabetic properties have been experimentally verified during the chemical and pharmacological study of dandelion.
Echinacea (Echinacea) is an immunostimulating agent, it is desirable to give it in almost all diseases, because it stimulates the protective properties of the body.
Blackberry (Blackberry) is an excellent tonic for all diseases, it helps even with toxicosis in pregnant rabbits or esophageal cancer. This is the main remedy for gastrointestinal disorders, colds and fever. Unripe fruits give rabbits with diarrhea, and overripe, on the contrary, from constipation. The leaves are also good to brew and give them to drink as warm tea.
Chilibuha (Nux vomica) - used to treat the effects of motor paralysis in the recovery period, with symptoms of general muscle weakness, with intestinal atony and to improve the appetite in rabbits (caution: in large doses, it is toxic).
Garlic (Garlic) is a natural antibiotic, has a good disinfectant, antiviral, antifungal, antihelminthic and tonic effect, also helps with cardiovascular diseases and cancer.
Parsley (Parsley) is an excellent tonic, cleansing and diuretic. Compresses of it are used for mastitis in nursing rabbits.
Coltsfoot (Coltsfoot, Folia Farfarae) is very effective for respiratory diseases (bronchi and lungs).
Sage (Salvia officinalis L.) is an anti-inflammatory, bactericidal agent that should not be given to pregnant babies.
Mint (Mint) and Rosemary (Rosemary) - help with infertility, to improve reproductive function.
Belladonna (Belladonna) - sedative, antispasmodic and analgesic (caution: the plant is poisonous and even an rabbit can die if overdose).
Melissa (Melissa officinalis L.) - soothes the nervous system well.
Nettle (Urtica dioica L.) - hemostatic, cleansing the blood of toxins, wound healing and immunity-strengthening agent.
Yarrow (Achillea millefolium L.s.I.) is a hemostatic and digestive aid.
Wormwood (Artemisia abrotanum L.) - is used as an antiparasitic and with problems with digestion, but it is not recommended to give it in large quantities.
Tansy (Tanacetum vulgare L.) is an excellent antihelminthic, antiparasitic agent, but it should not be given to pregnant krolkam.
Horsetail (Equisetum arvense L.) is a good diuretic, it is also prescribed for diseases of the urogenital system.
Dill (Anethum graveolens L.) is a diuretic, laxative and digestive aid.
Oak bark and Willow Bark (Salix L.) is an anti-inflammatory and anti-diarrhea agent.
Rowan (Sorbus aucuparia L) is a multivitamin remedy, it is good to give it dried in winter when rabbits do not have enough vitamins.
Flax seeds (Linum usitatissimum L.) - an enveloping and emollient, it is recommended to give when food poisoning in rabbits.
Thyme (lat. Thýmus) - thyme (or thyme), Bogorodian grass, matter. The plant is strongly fragrant, with a spicy warm smell, used as an anthelmintic, disinfectant and anesthetic. Rabbits usually like it very much and can add it to their food for the prevention of parasites.
Tarragon (Artemisia dracuncylus L.) - Vitamin, strengthens the immune system, antihelminthic, anti-inflammatory, antispasmodic, laxative, diuretic, healing, sedative, improves the functioning of the stomach.
Basil (Basil) - has anti-inflammatory, antispasmodic, stimulating appetite and tonic effect. It is also used for colds: reduces the secretion of mucus.
Celery (Celery) - has a beneficial effect on digestion, nervous system and metabolism. Diuretic, therefore, is used for kidney disease, against the formation of stones.
Castor oil (castor oil, oleum ricini) is a good laxative, it is recommended to give a teaspoon for constipation and poisoning for quick bowel movements, also used in obstetric activity, because it stimulates the muscles of the uterus.
Linex (probiotics - intestinal bifidobacteria) is the means to improve the functioning of the intestines. It is recommended to give for constipation, especially necessary during and after treatment with antibiotics.
ANTIBIOTICS: Remember that many antibiotics can cause a variety of side effects, including the death of a rabbit, and they should not be given to pregnant lactating bunnies, so be careful and replace the drug with another one at the first side effects.
Some of them should not be given to the rabbit inside, for example, amoxicillin, so I advise you to monitor the vets and see what he treats your rabbit.
FIRST ANTIBIOTIC GROUP that can be used with long-term treatment:
TETRACYCLIN, TETRASEPTIN, (Tetracycline) - is used both orally in suspensions and tablets, dissolved in clean drinking water, and in injections. Considered one of the most effective and safest drugs for rabbits due to rapid absorption, it is recommended to use with the most extensive range of diseases in rabbits! MUST ALWAYS SHOULD BE IN A RABBIT BABIN.
ENROFLOXACIN (Enrofloxacin, Baytril, Vetoflok) - is usually used in injections, although it is possible to give this injection liquid orally. Helps with the most extensive range of infections in diseases of the skin, respiratory tract, digestive tract, pasteurellosis, salmonellosis, mycoplasmosis, urinary, reproductive system, and many others.
Terramycin (Terramycin LA, Oxytetracycline) is a long-acting antibiotic with deep intramuscular administration, it is used for many diseases and has a very broad spectrum of action: for the treatment of pneumonia, pasteurellosis, leptospirosis, salmonellosis, colibacteriosis, mastitis, metritis, endometritis, as well as wound infections , postpartum sepsis and other infectious diseases, pathogens that are sensitive to oxytetracycline. Used in injections, sprays.
MARBOCIL, MARBOFLOXATSIN Used orally and in injections. When administered intramuscularly, it can cause painful and inflammatory reactions at the injection site. It is considered one of the most effective drugs for rabbits due to rapid absorption and good distribution in tissues! But you can not use it for newborns and very young rabbits.
AUREOMYCIN (Aureomucine, Chlortetracycline) is effective against many types of bacteria, viruses, and fungi. May be administered orally in injections and in the form of oils, cream and spray for treating wounds and injuries.
LEVOMICETIN (Laevomycetinum, Chloramphenicol) is used orally, in injections, drops and ointments. It is advisable to give it separately from other drugs, because allergic reactions are possible. It is a broad-spectrum antibiotic, effective against most gram-positive and gram-negative microorganisms. Apply with dyspepsia, salmonellosis, colibacteriosis, colienteritis, leptospirosis, pasteurellosis, coccidiosis, mycoplasmosis, with eye infections, bronchopneumonia and urinary tract infections.
CIPROFLOXACIN (Ciprofloxacin) - usually used orally (sold in tablets or suspensions), is very effective against gram-positive and gram-negative and anaerobic bacteria. It is used for a variety of diseases: otitis, conjunctivitis, bronchitis, pneumonia, abscesses, infected wounds, burns, osteomyelitis, chlamydia, abscesses of the abdominal cavity, etc., as well as for the prevention of infections during surgery.
ERYTHROMYCIN (Erythromycinum) - used in injections, ointments. Effective against gram-positive and some gram-negative bacteria, for example, pasteurella (Pasteurella). When combined with tetracycline and sulfonamides, an increase in the action of erythromycin is observed. Applied with pneumonia and other infectious diseases of the lungs caused by microorganisms sensitive to the antibiotic, with septic conditions, mastitis, osteomyelitis, peritonitis, otitis, and other inflammatory processes. Locally (as an ointment), it is used for pustular skin lesions, infected wounds, as well as conjunctivitis.
TRIMESOPRIM (Trimethoprim, Diatrim, Baktrim), Neomycin sulfate - is used only orally, usually with diarrhea and enteritis.
SULFADIMETOKSIN (Sulfadimethoxinum) - usually taken orally, works well against coccidosis (eymerioz), and many other intestinal infections.
SECOND ANTIBIOTICS GROUP, which can be given only with short-term treatment and under close medical supervision:
METRONIDAZOL (Metronidazole) - is used orally, it helps only with anaerobic infections, coccidosis, intestinal amoebeasis, abscesses and pneumonia.
HENTAMYCIN (Gentamicin, Gentocin, Amikacin) - used in infectious diseases caused by susceptible microorganisms: pneumonia, lung abscess, peritonitis, meningitis, osteomyelitis, purulent infections, infections of the kidneys and urinary tract, bacterial infections of the eyes, usually used for 3-7 days . Be careful: it can cause kidney failure in rabbits.
BENZILPENITSILLIN (Benzylpenicillin, Procaine Penicillin G) is used in injections for general and local infections of various organs, such as skin diseases, ear otitis, respiratory tract, urinary and genital organs. You cannot give this drug to a rabbit for more than 5 days and it usually always causes diarrhea.
Ampicillin, Cephalosporins (Ampicillin, Cephalosporins) - in any case, do not use orally, can lead to diarrhea with a fatal outcome and not give longer than 5 days. It is a broad-spectrum antibiotic, effective against pasteurellosis (Pasteurella) and against a very large number of gram-positive and gram-negative pathogens.
Tilmicosin (Tilmicosin, Micotil), Amoxicillin (Amoxicillin) - broad-spectrum antibiotics, are very effective against pasteurellosis (Pasteurella), but it is not recommended to give inside to rabbits because it can end fatally. It can only be given externally, for example, to process an open abscess caused by pasteurellosis.
These are the most acceptable antibiotics of all existing today for dwarf rabbits.
On the basis of these antibiotics, a variety of drugs have been created and therefore, before using them, it is necessary to consult a veterinarian and he will prescribe the correct dosage depending on the weight of your rabbit.
VEGETABLE - has antiviral effect. The drug fosprenil modulates, within physiological limits, the functioning of a system of natural resistance, has anti-inflammatory activity, is a hepatoprotector and a detoxifier. Use only as prescribed by a doctor!
ANTISEPTICS FOR RABBITS:
Chlorhexidine (Chlorhexidine) - An antiseptic, depending on the concentration used, exhibits a bacteriostatic or bactericidal effect on gram-positive and gram-negative bacteria. It is usually used also for the antiseptic treatment and disinfection of open wounds and postoperative sutures. MANDATORY FOR FIRST AIRCRAFT.
Potassium permanganate (potassium permanganate, Kalii permanganas) - antiseptic, astringent, anti-inflammatory agent dissolved in water and used for washing wounds, burns or ulcers.
Furacilin (Furacilinum) - a disinfectant for all types of wounds, burns, for any lesions of the mucous membrane (for example, eyes, genitals), is also used for washing in the postoperative treatment, for example, after an abscess.
3% - PEROXIDE OF HYDROGEN (Hydrogen peroxide 3%) - used for the disinfection of any surface and rapid blood clotting during bleeding (avoid contact with eyes). ALSO YOU SHOULD ALWAYS KEEP IN THE FIRST-AID KIT!
Betadine (Betadine) - used externally ointments and solutions for antimicrobial, antiviral and antifungal treatment of the skin and mucous membranes for injuries, cuts, abrasions, dermatitis, ulcers, postoperative wounds, as well as for various skin diseases.
RABBITS MUST NOT BE FROM FRONTLINE PARASITES.
Frontline is only suitable for dogs and cats, but very harmful for rabbits - right up to the death of the rabbit:
"The following products should not be used on rabbits:
It has been linked to the neurological damage. The manufacturer (Merial) has a label stating that it should be used for rabbits. "
What is translated into Russian means:
"The following products should not be used on rabbits:
Frontline (fipronil) is associated with neurological damage and death of rabbits, although this product seems safe for dogs and cats. The manufacturer (Merial) placed a warning on the Frontline label that Frontline should never be used on rabbits. "
Antiparasitic drugs that can be given to the rabbit:
I recommend only natural medicines for the treatment of parasites, as there may be side effects from medications in rabbits.
NATURAL, SAFE MEANS FROM PARASITES:
Geraniol (Geraniol) is a non-toxic (safe) natural fragrant oil, is sold in ampoules-sprays or used in shampoos against fleas, ticks and other ectoparasites in rabbits. The duration of this oil - a month, sold in packs of 3 pieces: http://vkontakte.ru/photos.php?act=show&id=-1230.
Troychatka (spray) - a natural prophylactic from parasites for the treatment of wool in rodents. Ingredients: extract of walnut, wormwood and tansy. Used to prevent the appearance of uninvited guests: ticks, lice, fleas. Destroys parasites. Promotes wound healing. It gives shine and natural coat color: http://vkontakte.ru/photo-8578333_174746855
Dandelion (Taraxacum officinale) - has an antimicrobial, antiviral, antifungal, anthelmintic, anti-carcinogenic effect.
Plantain (Plantago) - fresh leaves (especially juice) have a broad antimicrobial effect. Stops inflammation, the growth of abscesses and quickly heals wounds and ulcers.
Treats diseases of the stomach and intestines, dysentery and dyspepsia, bronchitis and pneumonia.
Wormwood (Artemisia abrotanum L.) - is used as an antihelminthic and with problems with digestion, but in large quantities and pregnant, young and old, it is not recommended to give it to patients.
Tansy (Tanacetum vulgare L.) is an excellent anthelmintic and antimicrobial agent, it is recommended for rabbits for the widest range of diseases.
AND MEDICATIONS FROM PARASITES:
Selamectin (selamectin, stronghold) is used in the form of injections and drops on the skin (valid for 1 month) in dosage, as for kittens. Kills adult fleas and stops the incubation of the eggs of these insects, removes ear and itch mites, destroys heart dirofilariae, and expels roundworms (roundworms and toxocars) and hookworm. One drop will protect your pets from external and internal parasites (fleas, otic and itch mites, round worms). Препарат быстро высыхает, влагоустойчив и не имеет неприятного запаха, но его нельзя применять крольчатам, беременным самкам старым и больным кроликам!
Гризеофульвин (Griseofulvin) - противогрибковый антибиотик, применяют наружно и орально. Нельзя давать беременным кролькам.
Альбен (Alben, Albendazole) - обладает широким спектром действия против гельминтов(глистов), препарат малотоксичен, поэтому рекомендуется для карликовых кроликов (кроме беременных самок), употребляется орально с водой или кормом.
Левамизол (Levamisole hydrochloride, Levamisolum) - противоглистное и иммуностимулирующее средство, используется при самом широком спектре заболеваний, применяют как орально так и в иньекциях.
Празиквантел, Азинокс (Praziquantel) - высокоэффективный препарат против различных болезней, вызванных паразитарными червями.
Ацемидофен (Acemydophenum) - фас-циолоцидный антигельминтик, малотоксичен, обладает слабовыраженной кумуляцией, не наблюдается привыкания к нему, не оказывает аллергического, эмбриотоксического и тератогенного действия. Антигельминтик вводят через рот в форме 10%-ной водной суспензии, которую готовят перед дегельминтизацией в дозе 0,1-0,15 г на 1 кг массы животного.
Неостомазан (Neostomasan)- этот препарат используется с водой для купания и опрыскивания кроликов против эктопаразитов(блох, клещей) не чаще 1 раза в неделю.
Больфо (Bolfo)- шампунь, пудра, спрей - применяется в виде шампуня, спрея и пудры для обработки всего туловища животного от блох, клещей, вшей и прочих эктопаразитов.
Бутокс (Butox) - инсектоакарицидный препарат широкого спектра действия, эмульсию применяют наружно при купаниях кролика.
Стандартная аптечка для кроликов
- Ватные палочки, диски: идеально подходят для обработки ран.
- Инсулиновые шприцы: подходят для инъекций.
- Шприцы небольшого объема (2 мл), без иглы (!): подходят для прерорального введения лекарственных препаратов, жидкого питания.
- Sterile bandage: a means for dressing wounds, dressings.
- Sterile gloves: provide sterility during medical manipulations.
- Vaseline oil: the first remedy for constipation, give preroralno, through a syringe without a needle (!), Combined with a massage of the abdominal cavity.
- Wool removal paste: recommended during the molting period to remove "balls of wool" from the gastrointestinal tract.
- Probiotic for restoring intestinal microflora (OLIN, Pro-Kolin): recommended after taking a course of antibiotics, as well as during recovery from illness and problems with the gastrointestinal tract.
- Means on the basis of Simethicon (Simethiconum): Espumizan childish, Bobotik. Help from bloating and gas formation.
- Antiseptic: Chlorhexidine, Miramistin.
- Wound treatment ointment: Bepanten.
- Broad-spectrum antibiotic approved for use in rabbits: Baytril.
- Painkiller: Movalis. Accurate dosage is required in accordance with the weight, for the appointment, consult a specialist.
- Reglan: the drug is prescribed in the absence of stool, requires an accurate dosage in accordance with the weight, for the appointment, consult a specialist.
- Lasix (Furosemide): the drug is prescribed in the absence of urine, requires an exact dosage in accordance with the weight, for the appointment, consult a specialist.
- Gamavit: boosts immunity, is prescribed in stressful situations. Accurate dosage is required in accordance with the weight, for the appointment, consult a specialist.
- Glucose 5%: administered in a mixture with saline subcutaneously in case of failure of the rabbit from the diet, to maintain vitality, help from dehydration and exhaustion.
- Saline (Sodium Chloride 0.9%): intended for dilution of drugs.
We advise you to add drugs to the first-aid kit just to make you feel at ease in the event of rabbit disease. But to take them thoughtlessly and uncontrollably in any case is not necessary. Always consult your veterinarian for advice.
Cotton swabs, discs Ideal for treating wounds.
Insulin syringes Suitable for injections.
Small volume syringes (2 ml) Without needles (!) Suitable for pre-oral administration of drugs, liquid nutrition
Sterile bandage Means for dressing wounds, dressings.
Gloves Provide sterility during medical procedures.
Vaseline oil The first remedy for constipation, give preroralno, through a syringe without a needle (!), Combined with a massage of the abdominal cavity.
Wool Removal Paste Recommended during the molting period for removing "balls of wool" from the gastrointestinal tract.
Pribiotic for restoring intestinal microflora Recommended after a course of taking antibiotics, as well as during the recovery period after illness and problems with the gastrointestinal tract.
Chamomile Antiseptic, as a tea suitable for raising strength, general tone.
Espumizan child Remedy for swelling and increased gas.
Bepanten Careful treatment of wounds, avoid contact with eyes, do not take inside.
Baytril broad spectrum antibiotic.
Tetracycline. Broad-spectrum antibiotic.
Movalis pain reliever. Accurate dosage is required in accordance with the weight, for the appointment, consult a specialist.
Reglan The drug is prescribed in the absence of stool, requires an accurate dosage in accordance with the weight, for the appointment, consult a specialist.
Lasix (Furosemide) The drug is prescribed in the absence of urine, requires an exact dosage in accordance with the weight, for the appointment, consult a specialist.
Gamavit Increases immunity, is prescribed in stressful situations. Accurate dosage is required in accordance with the weight, for the appointment, consult a specialist.
Glucose 5% Appointed in a mixture with saline subcutaneously in case of failure of the rabbit from the diet, to maintain vitality, help from dehydration and exhaustion.
Saline (Sodium Chloride 0.9%) Designed for dilution of drugs.
What should be in the first aid kit rabbit
Each experienced rabbit breeder has a first aid kit located next to a flock of animals. In addition to the fact that there are medicines and essential medicines, you need to take care of the availability of disinfectants and materials for dressings.
- iodine solution no more than 5% or brilliant green,
- boric alcohol,
- Ichthyol-based ointment
- glucose, saline,
- a variety of antibiotics
- vaccines against the most dangerous diseases of rabbits.
What disinfectants should be in the first aid kit? There must be several products that are used for disinfection. Most often, this group includes ASD, creolin or bleaching powder. In addition, you can buy classic formalin or caustic soda.
Rabbits are often injured, so you need to have in the first-aid kit all the tools you need for treating wounds and treating them. The list should contain sterile bandages and cotton wool, napkins, gauze, syringes. It will not be superfluous to include in the list a medical scalpel, tweezers, a pipette, beakers for weighing drugs, and so on.
Preparation for treatment
Do not forget that the rabbits do not tolerate stress, because of the nervous shock they can aggravate the disease, leading to death. Home treatment is a big stress for a pet, it needs to be taken into account before you take the rabbit with medication or start a course of injections.
Before proceeding to direct treatment, you need to properly prepare and rabbit, and his place. It is important to choose a time when a fluffy will be calm and full: in this state he is most calm. You should also make sure that there are no objects about which you can get hurt. If the animal behaves restlessly, it makes sense not to roll the rabbit, for this an ordinary towel or a piece of cloth will fit.
Preparation of the rabbit for treatment
If the treatment involves taking pills, they can be given in several ways:
- Feed your pet a pill from your hand.
- Hide the pill in a treat.
- Crush the pill and pour it into the feed.
- Dissolve the drug can be in water, if not prohibited by the instructions.
- Inject the drug through a syringe without a needle.
- If the drug for treating a rabbit is available in the form of drops or ointment, all manipulations should be carried out on the floor: thus it is easier to immobilize the rabbit. It is important to act strictly according to the instructions and not to self-medicate, since it can be completely sad.
This active ingredient is in such preparations as Baytril for rabbits, Baykoks (or its cheaper analogue of Turokox), Enroks and so on. This group of antibiotics is prescribed by veterinarians most often. Its popularity is due to the fact that the drug has a wide spectrum of action, is used to treat infections of the respiratory system, diseases of the urogenital area (for example, with kidney stones) and in the complex therapy of wounds and injuries. The course of treatment with Baytril usually lasts about 5-8 days, unless otherwise prescribed by a doctor. As for the restrictions, it is not recommended to treat the young growth with Baytril, as this may adversely affect the structure of the backbone.
Bicillin or benzylpenicillin
This drug also belongs to antibiotics, the active ingredient is penicillin. Its advantage is that it is the only drug of the penicillin group, which is normally tolerated by small rodents. Benzylpenicillin can be used for the treatment of acute conditions, as well as to relieve chronic symptoms. These include chronic rhinitis, ear diseases, and respiratory-related illnesses. The disadvantage is that the course of treatment usually lasts about 30 days.
Antibiotics for treating rabbits
Recently, the frequency of his appointment has decreased significantly, as new antibiotics of a new generation appear. However, in the treatment of pasterellosis, Oxytetracycline is practically indispensable, because it acts as effectively as Enrofloxacin, Enroflon and Enromag. The drug releases in the form of ampoules with liquid, which is injected into rabbits intramuscularly.
Tetramizole, Zinaprim antibiotics have also proven themselves well. Moreover, Zinaprim is the most successful, since it contains 2 active ingredients at once - sulfadimidine and trimethoprim, which makes Zinaprim a powerful agent against infection.
Group of prohibited antibiotics
Here is a list of antibiotics that can never be used to treat rabbits:
In addition to the fact that these drugs can cause severe poisoning after ingestion, there is a risk that the rabbit will die from toxic shock.
We have listed not the commercial names, but the actual components. In order to save the life of a rabbit, you must carefully read the chemical composition of each medication, before giving it to the rabbit.
This tool can be purchased in several versions: ready-made solution, liquid concentrate, gel or cream. Chlorhexidine treated wounds and cuts, as well as injuries with open fractures or in the postoperative period. In addition, having achieved the desired concentration, it is possible to irrigate the oral cavity of the rabbit with the help of a chlorhexidine solution.
Alcohol tinctures and solutions, classic Zelenka and iodine
Veterinarians do not recommend the use of the above remedies for the treatment of rabbits, as with improper dosage there is a likelihood of burns. However, as a means of first aid, the drugs can still be used by first making an aqueous solution based on them, or Iodinol is ready to buy.
Painkillers, or analgesics, are used when the rabbit is in pain. These can be, for example, fractures, postoperative time, acute toothache, intestinal colic, increased gas formation, and so on. Veterinarians prefer analgesics, which belong to the group of nonsteroidal. The fact is that their side effects are not so extensive, basically only the gastrointestinal tract suffers, especially often if the treatment has been delayed.
What drugs can be used to relieve pain:
- Ketoprofen (Ketonal), Ketanov,
- Rimadyl or Carptofen,
Separately, it must be said about the drugs that are used by a person to get rid of pain. These are classic medicines: No-shpa, Analgin, Ibuprofen, Ledocaine and Baralgin. Veterinarians prohibit their use in treatment, but a single dose is still allowed if nothing else is at hand.
Medicines against coccidiosis
Coccidiosis is a dangerous rabbit disease that is fatal in more than half of the cases. They successfully fight coccidia, the causative agents of the disease, such as Eymeterm, Baytril, Amprolium, Tolukoks, Baykoks, Toltrazuril and others.
The dosage and course of treatment with Aymeterm and other medicines should be selected depending on the age of the sick rabbit, as well as on how much the animal weighs. Veterinarians recommend that in self-treatment, to act strictly in accordance with the instructions, not to increase or decrease the dose, also not to prolong the treatment and not to shorten it.
Separately, we say about such a medicine as Trisulfon. It is used as the main therapy against coccidiosis (eymerioz), as well as the treatment of diseases caused by parasites.
Medicines against coccidiosis
We list all medicines that may be useful in the treatment of coccidiosis:
- Torukoks and Tolukoks,
Usually the course of treatment lasts about 5-7 days, after which a pause is made, and then the course is repeated once more.
Drugs against worms
All drugs for getting rid of worms contain fenbendazole, praziquatel or pyrantel in their composition, this is necessarily indicated in the instructions. If you list the commercial names, it is Profender, Shustrik, Pirantel, Panakur, Dirovin and Febtal.
When choosing a treatment for worms for a rabbit, you should pay attention to Albendazole. On the territory of Russia, you can find a lot of positive reviews that it was possible to rid the rabbit of worms in the shortest possible time. However, the experience of Western colleagues veterinarians suggests that Albendazole can not be called safe due to high toxicity.
Used to treat parasitic lesions of rodents, destroys fleas, lice, as well as their eggs and larvae. The drug is intended for external use only.
It differs in that after its use the animal receives long-lasting protection against fleas, lice, ticks, as well as lashes. Its duration is up to thirty days. The lawyer is applied by analogy with Advantage outwardly by squeezing the contents of the bottle into the withers of the crawl.
Another analogue of Advocaat and Advageage, is also used only externally. Protects against parasites for a period of one month.
Ivermek should be used as an intramuscular injection. It has a detrimental effect not only on external parasites, but also on those that have settled in the digestive tract (helminths) or other internal organs. Dirofen has the same effect.
Also used against parasites are Otodectin, Amitrazine (for scabies), Lozeval (for fungi), Amprolium, and so on.
In no case can not use drugs that include fipronil. First of all, we are talking about preparations Bars and Front Line. Their side effects for the rabbit can be fatal, it is better to give preference to proven and effective drugs, such as Amprolium.
Treatment of diseases of the digestive tract
Rabbits often have digestive problems. The reason for this may be banal indigestion, poisoning, or a sharp transition from one food to another. What medications can help fluff?
The action of the drug is designed to restore the normal operation of all intestinal sections. It is often used for peristalsis after anesthesia or gastrostasis. It is not recommended for self-use at home, if the rabbit is diagnosed with gastric blockage due to ingestion of a foreign body or bezoar.
In addition, No-shpa, Meloxicam, Simethicone (found in Espumisan, Simplex drops, Timpanol may be useful). Conventional vaseline oil (will contribute to the fact that foreign bodies leave the body of the rabbit naturally), Loperamide (an effective antidiarrheal agent), Sulfasalazine (anti-inflammatory effect on the gastrointestinal mucosa).
Enterosorbents are needed in order to speed up the evacuation of toxins secreted by bacteria, that is, to reduce the manifestation of intoxication. Often accompany the complex treatment of diseases of the intestinal group. It is worth remembering that all enterosorbents should be given strictly before (2-3 hours) or after a meal (also after 2-3 hours).
Rabbits need constant maintenance of immunity, which increases the body's resistance to external pathogens and diseases. For example, in veterinary medicine Fosprenil is often used, which increases the resistance of a rabbit to infections and viruses. The fact is that in its composition there is selenium, which has a beneficial effect on the immune system and on the general state of health of fluffy in general. With the same purpose, rodents are given vitamin complexes, strictly observing the dosage specified in the abstract. Gammatonic and Nucleopeptide, which, in addition to vitamins, contains a lot of mineral substances, are considered successful drugs.
If you want to use your personal first-aid kit less often, get a first-aid kit for rabbits.
Today, even beginner breeders know that without proper attention to the health of their pets, the “golden mountains” can quickly turn into a pile of unnecessary cells. If large farms and nurseries have full-time veterinarians and even services, then medium and small farmers need to comprehend the basics of veterinary medicine and apply knowledge in practice independently. Today we will make another contribution to the preservation of the welfare of rabbits, namely, we will reduce the risks associated with delaying the start of therapeutic measures. After all, sometimes it is simply not possible to urgently go to the vet and even visit the pharmacy. A great help in treating our pets is the availability of a special rabbit kit. In some cases, it helps to save individual individuals and even all livestock, since the success of the whole business depends on the speed of decision making and the start of procedures. After removing the threat and creating a groundwork for successful treatment, you can then move to a doctor or a veterinary pharmacy. Many rabbit breeders who have the necessary supply of medicines successfully cope with many rabbit sores themselves.
Remember that many diseases of rabbits are developing rapidly and every lost hour can turn into an extraordinary event on your farm. Collect at least a small first-aid kit to treat the most dangerous and insidious diseases, accidents and injuries. Start by purchasing a non-consumable part. I mean the tools and accessories that will be needed for the successful treatment of many ailments. They have to be replenished rarely, only in the event of a breakdown. What applies to them? I suggest to glance in my virtual first-aid kit.
Содержимое аптечки должно быть таким, чтобы можно было оказать первую экстренную помощь в стандартных и прогнозируемых ситуациях. Придерживайтесь неписанного правила — чем дальше ветеринарная аптека, тем содержание аптечки должно быть больше. Не только в плане количества, а и разнообразия функционала препаратов. In this article I will focus on the option of maximally filling it, and you decide what size the container should be cooked. Or it will be a small box, or a box.
It is very important to keep in mind the shelf life of drugs, their storage conditions. So many solutions, tinctures, gels and ointments should be at low temperatures, that is, in the refrigerator. Vaccines for future purchase should not be, their shelf life is limited. It is better to buy fresh. Yes, and they can not help. Sick rabbits cannot be vaccinated, you can only finish off unfortunate patients.
When buying medicines for the first-aid kit, try to choose those that have been produced recently and have the largest temporary storage reserve. Packaging must be carefully checked for integrity, sealing of liquids for tightness. It will not be superfluous to check the manufacturer’s certificate For expensive drugs, it is advisable to find detailed information and reviews on the Internet, so as not to throw money away. In hot weather, use a mini-fridge or overlay the drug packs with ice cream.
Often, pharmacists offer to buy the drug you have not requested, but its analogue or substitute. It is necessary to follow such advice with caution, since in an emergency situation there should be no right to mistake. In the first-aid kit there should be only the preparations checked and tested in practice by you. There are not as many as they might seem. They are all known and tested more than once; most rabbit breeders will call them without thinking.
As you already understood from the pictures, there are two types of syringes used by rabbit breeders. The first is the usual, disposable, with a volume of from 2 to 10 cubes. Why are you so big, you ask, because the rabbit is not a man, he does not need large doses of drugs? The fact is that during mass vaccination or treatment of a group of rabbits, we will save time if we supply several heads with one dressing. The only condition is to change the needles for animals from different cells in the case of preventive measures, in order not to accidentally spread possible germs.
But there are drugs, a single dose of 0.1 cubic and even less. An ordinary syringe can not do here, we need insulin. It is better if it is reusable with a replaceable needle. Its total volume is 1 ml, which means that much smaller doses can be measured. Depending on the scale step, the possibilities differ and reach the hundredth part of a milliliter. But in the overwhelming majority of cases it will be enough for us to measure 0.1 ml and therefore the required accuracy will be easy to sustain, even if there are only 10 divisions.
Dressings - cotton wool, bandages and napkins are used to treat wounds, hematomas, and surgery by a veterinarian at home. Of course, he has his own set for departure to the patient, but his stock never hurts.
Many rabbit breeders have the skills of castrating males, and those who do not have, also resort to the services of doctors. In any case, you need a special silk thread to pull the seed channel. All the above materials, of course, must be sterile.
Impregnated with ointment gauze wipes impose on the wound before the onset of its complete cleansing of pus. Also wipes may be required for the treatment of watery eyes, ear canals, areas of affected skin, with artificial feeding of newborns of rabbits. For babies who drink formula or goat's milk, special nozzles for syringes (pipettes) are intended. They imitate maternal udder and they are easier to accustom to this type of feeding. But they often fail, as growing up kids have a snack. To prevent infection by some dangerous diseases, such as ringworm, you must have medical rubber gloves in your arsenal, which are thrown away (burned) after contact with a sick rabbit.
At occurrence of dangerous diseases of massive nature, it will be necessary to make a thorough disinfection of all cells, equipment, adjacent territory. Chlorine is an excellent proven disinfectant. Bleach, or rather its cold solution. But it must be stored in a special sealed container. We have already talked about the laundry detergent “Whiteness”. It is convenient to use and store. Formalin, lysol, carbolic acid, caustic soda, sodium hydroxide solution can also be useful. Creolin in the form of a 3-5% hot (60-70 ° C) water emulsion is widely used to disinfect not only cells, but also entire rabbit-breeding premises. He has a significant drawback - disgusting smell.
Diamond greens or just a little green. Applied externally with fresh post-traumatic and postoperative wounds, abrasions, skin diseases. Apply directly to the area of damage to the skin or mucous membranes. When detecting the initial stage of myxomatosis, lubricate the abundantly occurring lesions on the skin (including the inguinal region). These measures, if not cure the rabbits, then greatly hinder the development of the disease.
Potassium permanganate or simply potassium permanganate - antiseptic, astringent, anti-inflammatory agent dissolved in water and used for washing wounds, burns or ulcers. I will add more - excellent styptic. If, when cutting, for example, your teeth or claws, you cut off the excess, and start to bleed heavily, dip a napkin previously soaked in water or alcohol into dry manganese - and to the place where you are bleeding.
Furacilin - Another disinfectant for treating wounds of different origin and character. For example, use for abrasions, for lesions of the mucous membrane (eyes, genitals), also used for healing after surgical interventions. Furatsilin will help in the treatment of skin abnormalities, manifested in infectious stomatitis and in healing of bedsore inguinal wounds - obesity satellites. Well helps in the treatment of normal, non-infectious rhinitis. It is instilled into the nasal passages with a pipette. If you don’t remember it in time, the common cold can turn into serious complications, such as switching to infectious rhinitis.
Salicylic acid - used in infectious and inflammatory skin diseases. Rabbitheads are widely used to treat ringworm in conjunction with iodine. May be sold as a solution, but I recommend the ointment.
Hydrogen peroxide - used as a rule in the form of a 3% solution for disinfecting any surface, cleaning wounds and rapid blood clotting in case of bleeding. That is, the action is similar to potassium permanganate. As a specific property, I will note the ability to remove (dissolve) ear plugs. And this happens to rabbits.
Iodine - for external use. It has a local anti-inflammatory, analgesic (analgesic) effect, but at the same time annoying. It is not advisable to apply to open wounds, only at the edges. It has the ability to be absorbed into the blood and how to treat wounds from the inside. Iodine treated places for upcoming surgery. As mentioned above, is involved as one of the agents in the treatment of lichen and eczema.
ASD-3For rather, Dorogov’s Antiseptic-Stimulator, Fraction 3, will help in healing with the mix (the lumps appearing on the body in myxomatosis). The drug has a wide range of indications: for the treatment of infected wound-healing wounds, dermatitis, chronic inflammatory skin lesions, trophic ulcers.
Alben, Shustrik remove worms from the body of rabbits. Many rabbit breeders do the feeding immediately after the suction period. There is a theory that baby rabbits are already born with helminths. If you are of a different opinion and do not prevent your animals, then always keep these or similar preparations in the first-aid kit in stock. They are now quite a lot and they are quite effective. Not all are suitable for young animals. I use Shuster. He is just right for them.
Amitrazin plus (Anti-mite) - Anti-parasitic drug of complex action. One of the best drugs for the treatment of demodicosis (tick-borne skin lesions) and otodecosis (auricle damage) of domestic animals. Triple effect: kills ticks, microbes and fungi; the effect of the drug is due to a complex of highly effective active and auxiliary substances. Despite this, it has low toxicity.
Baytril (antibiotic), without a doubt there is a first-aid kit in most rabbit breeders. The shelf life of as much as 3 years, and treats for many ailments. It has a wide range of antibacterial action. Apply mainly with signs of myxomatosis. It also prevents intestinal infections from developing: pasteurellam, salmonella, streptococcus, staphylococcus and other vermin.
New Brovaf or his substitute Colistin - antibiotics designed to combat intestinal infection. Suppresses the growth of coccidia, so often prescribed for coccidiosis. Dysbacterioses and diarrhea, enteritis - we take from the first-aid kit Brovaf. Does not allow to multiply the whole range of harmful bacteria. Rabbit pasteurellosis also treats quite effectively. Apply with the defeat of the respiratory organs of young.
Vacderm, Microderm - depriving vaccines. Additionally, you need to lubricate the affected areas with ointment Antimikotin (Surolan, Fenistil). If there is nothing in the first-aid kit out of the funds listed, lubricate with the izodine every 3-4 hours. Soon you will see a noticeable improvement.
Artificial mixture for baby rabbits, kittens or puppies will help you start feeding babies from the first hours in case of mother's death. Of course, if several females are gone, then you can somehow distribute them into “apartments”. But it is not always possible. If you can not buy such a mixture, you can go out and substitute breast milk for babies, and dilute in greater concentration.
Ichthyol ointment prescribe rabbits for skin diseases - wounds, dermatitis, eczema, burns, frostbite, furunculosis, pyoderma, scabies, ringworm, mastitis. It is valuable in that the pus accumulated in the damaged area is better than others. Now on the basis of ichthyol appeared many other ointments, more expensive, but not more effective than the old, good drug.
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Re: MEDICATIONS and DOSAGE FOR THE TREATMENT OF RABBITS.
Alisa »01 Jul 2016, 05:59
1. Furacilin Active ingredient: Nitrofural * (Nitrofural *). Forms of release: tablets for preparation of solution, SPIRAT solution (not to apply for rabbits!), Ointment for local and external use. The most commonly used water solution for washing the eyes, irrigation of the mouth. (1 tab. Per 100 ml. Boiled and cooled water)
2. Chlorhexidine (bactericidal medium) Dosage forms: gel for external use, concentrate for preparing a solution for local and external use, cream for external use, a solution for local and external use.
As a therapeutic and prophylactic agent for various infections, for antiseptic treatment and disinfection. 0.05 and 0.2% solutions: disinfection of the skin (rubbing, cracks). Purulent wounds, infected burns, bacterial and fungal diseases of the skin and mucous membranes, including in dentistry (rinsing and irrigation).
3. Miramistin Solution for local use. Used for the prevention of suppuration and treatment of purulent wounds. Treatment of purulent-inflammatory processes of the musculoskeletal system, treatment of superficial and deep burns, treatment and prevention of infectious and inflammatory diseases of the oral cavity, complex treatment of acute and chronic otitis, sinusitis, tonsillitis
4. Dentavedin Composition and form of production: contains 0.05% chlorhexidine digluconate and 0.3% propolis and herbal extracts. The preparation is a homogeneous gel with a faint odor. For small pets packaged in polymer dropper bottles for medicines of 10 g. For horses packaged in polymer cans for medicines of 250 g.
Pharmacological action: has antiseptic and anti-inflammatory properties.
Side effects: sometimes allergic reactions can occur (skin rash, itching).
5. Metrogyl-Denta Active ingredient: Metronidazole * + Chlorhexidine * (Metronidazole * + Chlorhexidine) Antiseptic with a small analgesic effect. Used on rabbits for the treatment of infectious and inflammatory diseases of the oral mucosa, after turning the teeth.
6. Betadine antiseptic ointment, acting in Povidone-iodine (Povidone-iod) Indications: bacterial and fungal infections of the skin, burns, trophic ulcers, bedsores, infectious dermatitis, abrasions, wounds.
7. Terramycin-SPRAY Aerosol contains 4.0 g of oxytetracycline hydrochloride (3.92%) in 150 ml of the preparation. Aerosol blue.
Designed for the topical treatment and prevention of skin diseases caused by bacteria that are sensitive to oxytetracycline. - wounds of traumatic origin, surgical wounds (castration, cesarean section, abrasions, scratches, puncture wounds, etc., bacterial infections accompanying parasitic dermatitis.
8. Second skin with aluminum. The spray has wound healing, antiseptic, soothing and regenerative effects. It is used for local treatment and prevention of skin diseases, external treatment of microtraumas (abrasions, scratches, cuts, etc.), for closing the surgical field, as a dressing material. As an insulating agent, it promotes the healing of small skin wounds. Spray in appearance is a thick mass of silver to dark gray.
9. Aluminumspray. Contains as an active substance 10% powdered aluminum and filler. Aluminum powder is a strong healing agent.
The drug is used externally for the treatment of wounds. Before applying the drug, sanitize the wound surface.
10. Lugol. A solution of iodine in an aqueous solution of potassium iodide. It has pronounced antimicrobial properties. Most often used in the treatment of infectious stomatitis in rabbits. The solution is applied to the gums and mucous membranes of the mouth.
11. Alcohol solutions. Iodine. Zelenka. It is not advisable to use for rabbits because of the high concentration of alcohol - they can cause a chemical burn of the skin. If it is urgently necessary to sanitize the wound, and there is nothing else at hand, these preparations must be diluted in half with water.