Lobelia flower won the hearts of many gardeners. In this article, we consider a detailed description, photos, varieties, species, and especially the cultivation of lobelia.
This flower is loved by many flower growers for its unusual color and abundant, lush inflorescences.
Due to the variety of types of lobelia in a flowerbed or in a room, you can create an original composition of such delicate and beautiful flowers.
Lobelia flower - what is it?
The perennial or annual bushes belong to the Lobelia genus.
The plant is also presented as grassy varieties and subshrub.
Regarding the family from which such a flower originates, there is no consensus among scientists:
- Most scientific circles are in favor of attributing lobelia to Kolokolchikov.
- But there are also adherents of the theory, according to which it is necessary to allocate a plant into an independent family.
The flower got its name due to the Dutch botanist Matias de Lobel who was engaged in plant breeding in the royal botanical garden during the reign of Jacob I.
The distribution of the flower is very wide and is represented by varieties from subtropical gardens and temperate climatic zones.
To date, scientists have derived about 250 species, and the plant is used not only as a decoration of the interior of rooms and gardens.
Some species take the basis for the manufacture of medicines for respiratory diseases.Lobelia flower photo
Lobelia - the distinctive features of the flower
The advantages of such a plant at all times remain unpretentious care and abundant flowering. It is famous for its culture and variety of varieties, of which a great many have been bred since the end of the XIX century.
The main characteristics of lobelia are as follows:
- The most common species are bush-type annuals,
- The appearance is represented by small spherical bushes reaching 15-25 cm in height,
- Depending on the variety, the height can vary up to 1.5 m,
- The flowers are located on thin, branching stems and are surrounded by whole leaves of a lanceolate form,
- The buds are characterized by axilla and double-brevity, reach sizes of no more than 2 cm and are planted on short pedicels,
- The color palette of this annual is very diverse and is represented by white or purple, blue or purple varieties,
- The flowering time of the plant is limited to the period from June to September,
- The fruit of lobelia has the form of a multi-seeded box, in which there are small grains,
- Lobelia seeds can remain viable for a three year period.
The most popular varieties of lobelia
The most famous and common species and varieties of this plant include:
- Long-peeled Erinus - is represented by curb or blackberry plant types and originates from the gardens of South Africa. This is an annual plant, distinguished by lush, spherical bushes up to 30 cm in height. Flowers are planted on short shoots and are distinguished by copious amounts on a bush. After the variety is sown in open ground, flowering should be expected no earlier than 2-2.5 months. The color range is from blue and purple to white.
- Cardinal lobelia - stands out among its brethren with winter-hardiness and strong tall stems, reaching more than 1 m in height. The buds of this plant are collected in spikelet inflorescences and have a bright purple color. This variety needs intensive irrigation and prefers dams and marshland for growth.
- Fiery Fulgens - blooms in red or green buds on stems up to one and a half meters high. The most popular variety among plants of this variety is Quinn Victoria, distinguished by purple blooms and tall.
Walida is a very large and resistant variety that has coarse and powerful stems, on which large blue or purple flowers grow, painted on the central part in a white or milky shade.Walida
Ampelny Richardi - is distinguished by thick, fleshy stems and an inflorescence in the shape of an ear. Propagated exclusively by cuttings.
The specifics of growing and caring for a flower
The beginning for the cultivation of such a flower as lobelia will be the sowing of seed in the form of seedlings, since in this way more lush flowering can be achieved:
- For these purposes, small containers are used, in which it is necessary to fill the drainage of expanded clay and soil filler. It is prepared from loose soil and sand with the addition of coconut fibers.
- After abundant watering, seed preparation is sown on the prepared base and watered thoroughly again.
- Seeds should only be slightly sprinkled with sand to better retain moisture.
- Seedlings covered with plastic or glass lid and put in a bright sunny place to germinate.
It is important to remember that lobelia is a moisture-loving plant and does not tolerate a dry hot climate.
Germination of seed occurs at least two months after sowing.
When the saplings reach three centimeters, they should be picked in separate cups (no more than four per container).
After the stalks reach a length of 70 mm, you need to pinch them and wait for flowering.
To plant flowers in open soil should be no earlier than mid-May, when the probability of soil freezing is minimized.
For planting it is better to choose sunny, non-shaded areas with loamy, friable soil.
Blossoms still in the state of seedlings and continues to delight the eyes with bright inflorescences up to the first frost.
Differs plant unpretentious, requiring only abundant moisture and sufficient illumination of the growing place.
It is also important not to overdo it with mineral fertilizers based on nitrogenous compounds in order to avoid destruction of inflorescences.
Where can I plant lobelia?
The lobelia flower Ik is good for planting both as an ampelous plant (it adorns both the interiors of the rooms, and the space of the terraces or loggias), and in the form of curb bushes.
And some varieties feel great on the shores of small ponds or even shallow waters.
Due to the variety of colors and varieties of plants, lobelia can be used as a basis for landscape design.
This flower combines well with petunias, velvet ribbon and cinerarias.
The main rule here will be such care, which will keep all the bushes of fragile lobelia and do not let them drown out in other colors.
This variety refers to annuals. It is an ornamental flowering plant, having spherical bushes, at a height of at least ten, and a maximum of fifteen cm. The stems of lobelia are actively branching. They are all covered with flowers, rich, blue with a white eye in the center, up to two cm in diameter, on short pedicels.
Suitable for decorating flower beds, rabatok and group plantings. Lobelia looks good on the front of the curb.
Look at the photo, how lobelia Mrs. Clibran is spectacularly overwhelmed.
This species is also known as erinus or garden lobelia.. This plant quickly blooms and decorates the site until autumn.
Good for hanging baskets and balcony drawers. Also looks great in a flower bed among other cultures.
It is a multi-year, although it is most often used as a disposable. It is a herbaceous plant, with dangling shoots (up to thirty cm long).
For seedlings, crops are produced in the fall. It is covered with glass and placed in a lighted place. Transplanted seedlings, after the spring frosts end.
This variety blooms very early, a few weeks earlier than the standard species. Also is a multi-year, used as a one-year-old. In the form of a ball with a height of ten to fifteen cm, and a width of fifteen to twenty cm. There are many small (one to two cm) flowers.
Sown on seedlings, in March-April, in boxes with a light substrate. The box is covered with film and placed on a bright place. After germination, the film is removed. From the boxes landed in late May.
These are blue flowers, on a short pedicle, about two cm in diameter. The bush is shorter, the more flowers. Blooms from June to the first frost. Not afraid of cooling, up to -1.
The flowers are sky-blue, up to two cm in diameter, on short pedicels, one each in the axils of the leaves. Thickly covered heavily branched stems. It blooms from June to frost.
Blooms 70-80 days after sowing. If you timely remove faded stems, the flowering time increases.
Annual Its shoots are thin, creeping, up to fifty cm long. Abundant bloom from June to autumn. White flowers, up to two cm in diameter.
Seeds are sown in February-March. Occurs in nine to ten days. Seedlings are planted in the ground in early May. Used for planting in hanging baskets and pots, vases and balcony boxes.
This flower is great for aquariums. It has light green leaves, their lower side can become red-violet. Lobelia Purple is widely used in the design of Dutch aquariums.
Variety Dortman - very rare and even listed in the Red Book. Perennial coastal aquatic plant. Up to one meter tall. Fleshy, blunt leaves, up to 5 cm long and up to 0.5 wide.
Blossoms in June and July. Reproduction: seeds and vegetatively.
Dense cascade bush and spectacular view. The shoots of the ornamental lobelia Rosamund fall. Strongly branchy, length - twenty to twenty-five cm. During flowering, the plant is covered with miniature flowers. Sowing on seedlings: from March to the end of April. Carrying out on the open ground, at the end of frosts.
A perennial plant, grown as an annual. Forms a bush with a height of thirteen cm and a width of 15-20 cm. It is covered with numerous, small, 1-2 cm in diameter, flowers.
Flowering lobelia. White lady profuse, long lasting.
Types and varieties of lobelia
The Lobelia genus (Lobelia) includes more than 300 species, such a variety is represented by plants of various shapes and sizes - from short, up to 5 cm in height to very large, reaching 8 m or more. How to plant and grow lobelia? And also many answers to questions about the care of this flower, read the article "Lobelia".
The following are some interesting species suitable for growing in temperate climates.
Everyday lobelia (Lobelia erinus)
Herbaceous plant with flexible shoots, covered with oblong-rounded leaves with jagged edge - the most common, well-known garden species. Small flowers up to 2 cm in diameter are sitting in the axils of the leaves. Seeds are small, brown or black, ripen in boxes. The varieties are numerous, often in blue and white, abundant blooms falls in June-September. Depending on the habit and height of the variety, the forms are distinguished:
- colonic - up to 25 cm,
- compact - rounded bushes up to 15 cm high,
- creeping - with shoots 30–35 cm long.
Crystal Pallas (Kristall Pallas)
Crystal Pallas (Kristall Pallas)
The most popular compact variety with purple-blue flowers. Bush height - about 15 cm, the leaves are dense-green, with a slight reddish tinge. Looks great in container plantings, in flowerbeds and as a curb plant, and when placed every 15 cm, you can form solid flowering borders.
Snow-white small flowers generously cover densely branched shoots with pale green leaves, resembling light moths descending on a bush. The height of the rounded compact plant is about 12 cm. The exquisite resistant variety looks great near daylilies with their long, delicate leaves and original textured flowers.
The creeping bright form is great for planting in vases, on alpine slides, and as a groundcover. The shoots are 30–35 cm long, branched, strong, covered with light green leaves and blue flowers with a bright white eye. One of the best ampel varieties.
Regatta Rose (Reggata Rose)
Regatta Rose (Reggata Rose)
Ampelny variety, similar to Sapphire, but with pink and crimson flowers, marked with white speck. An elegant plant with flexible shoots up to 35 cm long and dark green leaves looks great in hanging pots at the porch and when disembarking in balcony boxes, perfectly matching with petunias and white large-flowered marigolds.
In addition, other, less common, but also very interesting varieties are grown in the annual crop.
Lobelia Richard (Lobelia Richardii)
Lobelia Richard (Lobelia Richardii)
Amputeal hybrid is grown as an annual, characterized by long, hard shoots up to 30 cm long. It works well as a ground cover plant, suitable for hanging pots better than many annual varieties - strong stems do not tend to grind on the edge of the pot and do not break under gusts of wind and rain. Being a hybrid, propagated by cuttings. It is a little grades, blue, white and lavender shades prevail.
Lobelia strong (Lobelia valida)
Lobelia strong (Lobelia valida)
Erect plant rises to a height of 40 cm, hard shoots form a columnar or sprawling bush. The shoots and leaves are lush green, the flowers are rather large - up to 2.5 cm in diameter, lilac or pink-purple with an expressive white eye. It is grown from seed through seedlings, does not hibernate in the soil.
Lobelia thinnest (Lobelia tenuior)
Lobelia thinnest (Lobelia tenuior)
Cornflower-blue, lilac or soft-pink flowers with a diameter of up to 2 cm are covered with neat bushes 25–30 cm high. The plant is graceful, blooms profusely, looks good on flowerbeds and mixborders. Being planted in pots, it looks charming, with its bright flowers scattered on the refined shoots. It is grown as an annual, through seedlings.
Very beautiful common variety Blue Wings with long flexible shoots, densely covered with bright blue flowers.
Lobelia is beautiful (Lobelia x speciosa)
Compliment Deep Red
Upon receipt of this amazing hybrid, breeders managed not only to achieve a stunning appearance, but also good frost resistance. This feature allows you to grow a plant in a perennial crop, but some beautiful varieties grow well as sustainable annuals.
The bush is tall - 50–80 cm, with large, exquisite flowers with a diameter of up to 3 cm — bright red, scarlet, crimson, or purple. Stems are strong, erect, leaves are large, elongated. Shoots and leaves can be dark purple or saturated green.
Compliment Deep Red - velvety, dark red flowers blaze against the background of green stems and oblong green leaves. A luxurious variety is truly spectacular the next year after planting.
The following are interesting species grown primarily in perennial crops.
Lobelia brilliant (Lobelia fulgens W.)
The ornamental plant, long loved by flower growers, is characterized by slender shoots 60–70 cm high, narrow leaves and large flowers of red tones, gathered in a brush. It is grown through seedlings, winters in mild winters under good shelter, queen mothers can be left for wintering in basements, cold, non-frozen verandas.
Queen Victoria - a spectacular hybrid up to 150 cm tall, with dark purple leaves and scarlet flowers in high showy inflorescences.
Russian Princess - a dense bush is formed by shoots 60–80 cm high, covered with bronze leaves with purple tint and raspberry-red fragrant flowers up to 3 cm in diameter. It looks great next to elegant Siberian irises.
Lobelia purpurea (Lobelia cardinalis)
The height of strong shoots is up to 1 m, the inflorescences are spiciform or sultan-shaped, with scarlet flowers of the original form. Stems are strong, oblong leaves, emerald green. It is grown as a perennial, tolerates moisture, grows in shallow water, looks very good in groups near water bodies.
Ruby Slippers - the most famous variety with subtle silky flowers of pink-crimson color.
Types of lobelia: what to choose for planting?
Let's start with the simplest. Lobelia can be annual and perennial. Yes Yes! Perennial lobelia also exists, and it is able to withstand quite severe frosts with little or no shelter. With a one-year-old Lobelia, such a number will not work, but it was she who became most prevalent - thanks to her decorativeness and the abundance of flowering. Long-term lobelia looks much more modest in this regard.
Lobelia annual - a ball of flowers
As an annual flower for our conditions, as a rule, only one species is grown - Lobelia erinus (Lobelia erinus), which is also called Echinous lobelia. This is an annual plant with thin grassy stems and toothed leaves. There are usually many shoots; therefore, in adulthood, lobelia is a dense leafy ball with a multitude of small flowers of blue, blue, white, purple or violet color. Цветочки небольшие, всего 1-2 см, но их всегда много – около сотни на одном среднестатистическом кусте.
Формы лобелии эринус
Существует 5 форм лобелии эринус:
- Компактная (Compacta) – образует плотный куст с прямостоячими побегами, высотой 10-15 см.
- Раскидистая (Diffusa) – куст с достаточно длинными, раскидистыми стеблями, длиной до 30 см. При этом высота куста достигает всего 15 см.
- Карликовая (Pumila) – самая мелкая форма лобелии, высота ее кустиков 8-12 см.
- Прямостоячая (Erecta) – коллоновидный куст, высотой до 25 см.
- Ampelnaya (Pendula) - grows whips by 30-35 cm, hanging down and forming a lush cascade.
A simpler classification is common among flower growers. The first 4 forms belong to the bush lobelia, the stems of which grow upwards and form dense curtains. The last, 5th form - ampelous, used for hanging baskets, pots and balcony boxes.
Seed producers also have their own classification, it also needs to be known in order not to be misled. When buying, pay attention to the name given on the bag. As a rule, the lobelia of the bush form is called “Lobelia Erinus”, without the “bush” registry. But belonging to the ampel form is almost always indicated, and the title contains the words “ampelous”, “cascade” or “pendula”. For example, the name "Lobelia Crystal Palace" almost certainly means that the bag contains seeds of the bush form of Lobelia Erinus. A "lobelia cascade white" can only be printed on seeds with ampelloe lobelia. It's simple, if you understand a little bit.
Gavrish produces the Crystal Palace lobelia seeds, which by default is bush
Perhaps, when buying seeds, in addition to the shape of the bush, you should pay attention to the colors of the flowers. The colors of lobelia are white, blue, blue, purple, lilac, purple. Everything! But the producers - not a blunder, and often try to cheat, releasing varieties with names misleading inexperienced florists. For example, on the bag with the seeds of the variety "Red Cascade" of course there is a photo of lobelia with juicy red flowers. Unfortunately, these pictures - the effects of Photoshop and nothing more. Red lobelia erinus is not yet invented. Perhaps in the coming years, breeders will move in this direction - one can only wish them good luck! As for the "red" varieties, the flowers in these plants are usually purple or pinkish-purple. It is also beautiful, but you can’t call them truly red.
So it may look like the color of “red” lobelia.
Blue and purple varieties of lobelia usually sprout faster and fall less on the seedling stage than lilac, pinkish and white colors.
Lobelia Erinus Varieties
Varieties of lobelia erinus there are a great many, for every taste. Consider some of them.
"Crystal Palace" (crystal Palace) - a dense downed bush, 15-18 cm in height. It blooms with purple-blue flowers, blooming in large numbers.
"Emperor Willy" (Emperor William) - a lush bush 10 cm tall with bright blue flowers. Grows well. In open ground it looks like a light blooming cloud.
Lobelia "Emperor Willy" (Emperor William)
"Mys Clibran" - a bush of 10-15 cm, forming wide cushions 30 cm in diameter. The flowers are blue-violet with a white eye.
Lobelia "Miss Clibran"
“Cambridge Blue” (Cambridge Blue) is a low compact shrub, 8-10 cm long stems. Flowers of blue cold shade.
Lobelia Cambridge Blue (Cambridge Blue)
"White Palace" (White Palace) - a dense downed bush, about 12 cm tall, blooming with white flowers.
Lobelia "White Palace"
"Sapphire" (Sapphire) - lobelia ampelous with multiple drooping shoots, 25-35 cm long. The flowers are bright blue with white spots on the lower petals.
Lobelia Ampel "Sapphire" (Sapphire)
"Fountain Blue" (Fountain Blue) - multiple hanging shoots form a lush cascade of green and pale-blue flowers with a white eye. Lash length - 30-35 cm.
Lobelia "Blue Fountain" (Fountain Blue)
“Red cascade” (Red cascade) is a lush trailing with falling shoots up to 35 cm long. This is a lobelia, the flowers of which should be red, but in fact they are not. More accurate color - purple, with a crimson hue.
Lobelia ampelous "Red cascade" (Red cascade)
Lobelia perennial - herbaceous large-sized with bright inflorescences
In addition to the annual lobelia, perennial species are sometimes found in our gardens:
- Lobelia cardinalis,
- lobelia syphilitic (Lobelia siphilitica),
- Lobelia fire (Lobelia fulgens).
Lobelia cardinal or purple - shrub with upright stems, up to 1 m in height. Inflorescences are spicate with bright red flowers. This lobelia needs a lot of moisture, so it prefers swampy soil. Often it is planted in the coastal zones of household ponds, and not only on the shore, but also in the water. When kept in a pond in shallow water, lobelia cardinal quickly grows and reaches the surface of the water, then goes out into the air and blooms. Differs in excellent winter hardiness.
Lobelia cardinal (Lobelia cardinalis)
Lobelia syphilitic - in appearance and character is similar to cardinal lobelia. The same tall erect bushes with dense buds, only the flowers of the siphilitica are blue. This perennial lobelia also prefers moist soils, it is successfully cultivated in the coastal zone. Problems with wintering, usually, does not happen.
Lobelia syphilitic (Lobelia siphilitica)
Fire lobelia - Lobelia with red flowers on spike-like inflorescences. Has a feature - burgundy leaves. The bush is rather high, some varieties, for example, “Queen Victoria”, reach a height of 1.5 m. The ideal place for wintering fiery lobelia is a cold greenhouse, but it is also possible to “overwinter” with shelter (mulching).
Lobelia fire (Lobelia fulgens)
Of course, perennial lobelia is not too common, but it also has its admirers among gardeners. It is especially suitable for creating cozy flower arrangements on the shores of garden ponds.
Characteristics and description of the plant lobelia erinus
These beautiful flowers complement a wide range of annuals, pleasing the eye with its flowering. Lobelia is considered an annual plant. However, it is possible to replant it for the winter in flower pots and grow indoors as a perennial. Lobelia is blooming from June to the beginning of autumn frosts.
Lobelia plant characteristics should start with the fact that it is a low plant, which is covered with blue, pink, lilac and crimson flowers during the flowering period. The most popular is lobelia erinus. A short description of a lobelia erinus is that its lush, small bushes, most often covered with small bright blue flowers, form a carpet. Under good growing conditions, the flowering plants are so abundant that the green parts are not visible.
Lobelia erinus has many varieties that differ in flowers of different colors:
Among them there are even varieties of two-color lobelia - most often the middle of the flower is white.
The homeland of lobelia is South Africa.. This plant has up to 300 species. One of them, lobelia bloated, contains alkaloids (lobelin) and is used in the pharmaceutical industry for the manufacture of medicines.
What does a lobelia flower look like: photo and description
The proposed description of the Lobelia flower accompanied by a photo will allow you to make a complete impression of this garden culture:
Lobelia erinus is a highly branching plant with a height of 10-25 cm. The flowers are small with a diameter of 1.3-2 cm, arranged one at a time in the axils of the leaves, white, blue, pink, purple or dark blue, single-colored or with a peephole. In addition to the usual (bush), there is an ampel form with stems up to 45 cm long. It blooms well in both sunny and half-shaded places, on light garden lands with sufficient moisture.
See how the lobelia flower looks in the photo, showing the different stages of plant development:
The best types and varieties of lobelia: photos and descriptions
The best varieties of lobelia can be viewed on this page with a detailed description and accompanying images. Culture is divided into types and varieties of lobelia, having a very different purpose. Lobelia erinus prostrate has shoots 15–30 cm long, and the height of the bush is small (up to 15 cm). Erect lobelia of the same species in height reaches 15–25 cm. Lobelia erinus dwarf differs in height - only 8–12 cm. In compact lobelia, erinus bushes grow to a height of 15–20 cm and spread less in width.
The following are the most popular varieties of lobelia with photos and descriptions that will help you choose the right plants for your backyard.
The most revered varieties of lobelia erinus are compact plants.
Among them stands Crystal Palace
This plant has very beautiful bright blue flowers, and the leaves on young plants in summer appear black.
The Kaiser Wilhelm variety is distinguished by a pronounced branching of the bushes.
As a result, they close and look like a solid carpet. The flowers of the lobelia of this variety are light blue in color.
White Lady lobelia is a variety of white flowers.
In varieties of dwarf lobelia flowers are red and dark blue with a white center.
There is a rare form of lobelia erinus with double flowers. They are white, blue, purple and pink.
Lobelia Erinus Crystal Palace.
This is one of the best dwarf varieties. A beautiful plant with dark green foliage, completely covered with blue flowers, a bush with a height of 10-15 cm. It blooms from June to September. The place is sunny, the soil is loamy with the addition of organic fertilizer. Seeds are sown in February.
Lobelia hybrid varieties are distinguished by longer branches.
They are grown as ampelous plants in hanging pots.. Often, lobelia with hanging branches is planted on balconies and along the walls of buildings.
Amanda plants are distinguished by red flowers with a white center or rose-lilac.
Lobelia Miranda variety has pink-purple flowers with a white center.
The Sapphire variety has dark blue flowers with a white eye.
Another type of lobelia is shiny lobelia.
This plant is taller (60–90 cm) compared to erinus lobelia. It refers to perennial and has dark green with reddish tint leaves. The flowers of the lobelia of this species are bright red. This plant, unlike Lobelia erinus, propagates not by seed, but by cuttings.
The most popular varieties of shiny lobelia are:
Lobelia climbing Red cascade - hanging plant up to 30 cm.
The plant is covered with purple-red flowers with white center. It blooms from June to September.
Lobelia climbing White Fountain - hanging plant 30 cm tall, covered with pure white flowers.
Look again all the presented species and varieties of lobelia in the photo, which illustrates the distinctive appearance of colors:
Lobelia in flower beds is combined with yellow mimulus, red pelargonium and brilliant salvia. At close range, the plants look most attractive.
Lobelia is suitable for creating borders, mixborders, arabesques and carpet beds.
Also, it is planted in rock gardens, near water. Ampelnye varieties of lobelia in hanging pots are used to decorate balconies and porches.
Blooming lobelia, planted in one or two rows, forms a continuous ribbon and is often used to create narrow borders and patterns.
How to plant lobelia on seedlings (with video)
Lobelia grows well on loose sandy and loamy soils. She prefers open and lighted areas. How to plant lobelia on seedlings correctly is described in detail in this article, where information is offered from sowing to the rules of seedling care.
Lobelia is propagated by seeds, which are usually sown on seedlings in February. Seeding boxes are filled with light nutritious mixture. The seeds are very small, so they are distributed over the surface of the moistened soil and slightly sprinkled with the same moist nutrient soil mixture. It is recommended to water crops with a spray bottle. The boxes are covered with glass and put on racks in the greenhouse, in a place protected from direct sunlight. After 10–12 days, the first shoots should appear. After the cotyledon leaves are fully developed, the first picking of the plants is carried out, spreading them out in bundles of 2–3 pieces at a distance of 2 × 2 cm.
Growing lobelia from seeds in peat tablets: caring for seedlings
For better tillering when growing lobelia from seeds in peat tablets, pinch the tops when the plants reach a height of 2.5-3 cm. Flowering begins in June and continues throughout the summer. If in August the plant is low, cut, feed, break through the soil and water, there comes a second flowering, which will last until frost.
Ideal for growing seedlings of lobelia peat tablets. They are poured with hot water and after 10 minutes, when they swell, they plant seeds in them. To learn how to plant seeds in peat tablets, you can learn from the instructions attached to them.
Next, peat seed tablets are placed in a greenhouse or greenhouse. With such a planting, thinning seedlings is not necessary. If the seedlings of lobelia in peat tablets have risen in a group, then it is transplanted into open ground.
Caring for the seedlings of lobelia, you need to remember that its sprouts are vulnerable. They need regular watering, which is carried out very carefully, so as not to damage the delicate little leaves. The difficulty of growing lobelia lies in the fact that the plant is harmed by both excess and lack of moisture. The tops of young lobelia bushes are pinched so that they are more branched. If lobelia is grown as an ampelous plant, then it is not necessary to pinch the tip.
How to grow lobelia seedlings from seeds
Before you grow lobelia seedlings from seeds, you need to choose the right place for plants in the garden. When planting seedlings in the soil the soil should be light, moist, fertile. The holes for bushes should not be too deep, 20-30 cm is enough. The distance between the holes should be 15-20 cm. We pour claydite (or crushed brick) at the bottom of each hole - it will perform the drainage function. The bush extracted from the pot is placed on the drainage “cushion”, and the roots are covered with soil. Bushes young seedlings - 3-5 pieces can be planted in one hole.
The first feeding is carried out two weeks after transplanting to a permanent place or after germination. Lobelia is fed only with organic fertilizers: for 1 liter of water, dilute 1 tablespoon of liquid Rainbow fertilizer and Organic Flower fertilizer.
The second dressing is carried out in June, at the beginning of flowering: For 1 liter of water, dilute 1 tablespoon of the liquid fertilizer Agricola Fantasia and 1 tablespoon of the full fertilizer Agricol for flowering plants. Consumption solution 2-3 liters per 1 square. m
This dressing is given in July, and also after cutting the plant - in August.
Lobelia is intensely blooming not all summer. In the second half of July and in August, the number of flowers on the bushes decreases. In order to restore attractiveness to flowerbeds, at this time new plants grown in flower pots are planted. There is another option to return lobelia lush bloom. Bushes, on which few flowers and buds remain, are cut at a distance of 3 cm from the ground. Soon the ground part of the plant grows and abundant flowering begins again.
See how to plant lobelia on seedlings on the video, where all the subtleties of agricultural engineering are demonstrated:
What you need to know about lobelia
With insufficient lighting, seedlings of lobelia are strongly drawn out. This occurs when the location of the container with plants on the northern windowsills or too early planting. To improve the growing conditions in this case, lobelia requires additional lighting.
When growing seedlings in pots and planting in open ground with them, the lobelia bushes grow weaker, but bloom more abundantly.
With very hot weather or insufficient watering lobelia flowering stops. Therefore, at high ambient temperatures, it should be watered in the morning and evening.
Disease. Lobelia is not affected by pests and extremely rarely ill.
Charming lobelia - one of the most colorful flowered. Their cute and small flowers are decorated with curious eyes, and the number of flowers covers the crown, though not a continuous, but very beautiful veil. But they appreciate Lobelia, first of all, for its unique palette: it is the only flyer whose colors are limited to white and blue spectra. Various shades of blue, ultramarine, lilac and violet are so pure and beautiful that lobelia seem to be almost a flowering waterfall. Among this family there are many perennials, but they are not able to contend in the beauty of flowering with annual lobelia. No wonder they are considered the first competitor of Petunias!
Lobelia erinus, or Lobelia longis (Lobelia erinus). © Janet
Favorite among annual lobelias - lobelia erinus
Favorite blue color fans Lobelia erinus, or Lobelia longis (Lobelia erinus) - the most popular type of lobeli. This is a perennial herbaceous plant that grows only in annual form: its flowering is so lush that it depletes the plant completely and, if it succeeds, it can be preserved only in regions with warm winters and without flowering in the following years. In this lobelia, the crown is so thick and lush that individual shoots cannot be considered. Thin branches densely branched from the very base and completely covered with small leaves. Lanceolate, whole, bright, they add to the whole bush openwork, pomp and freshness. The flowers of lobelia erinus reach only 2 cm in diameter, and even then at the best varieties, but they are so numerous that this defect will not be noticed. Двугубые, очень миловидные, они сидят в пазухах листьев по одному на тонюсенькой цветоножке. Учитывая массу листьев, количество цветков измеряется сотнями. Окраска лобелии эринус колеблется от белой до синей, голубой, темно-фиолетовой. Белое пятно в центре характерно для абсолютного большинства сортов.
Часто Лобелию эринус, или Лобелию длинночерешковую можно встретить под другими названиями: Лобелия садовая, или Лобелия ежевидная, или Лобелия бордюрная, или Лобелия синяя
Lobelia erinus blooms 2.5 months after sowing, and its flowering can be stretched to the very frost. All that is needed for this is to clean the faded shoots in time.
Variety lobelia erinus knows no bounds. The basic look is divided into 5 decorative forms:
- Spreading lobelia diffuser boosts about 15 cm with twice as long shoots.
- Climbing lobelia pendula forms with more than thirty-centimeter shoots.
- Kolonovidnye bushes up to 40 cm lobelia erect, or upright.
- The dwarf shape of the pumila is about 10 cm in height.
- Similar to dense hemispheres up to 15 cm high compact shape.
And each form has its merits. It is better to choose between them based on the use of lobelia and its desired decoration.
Lobelia erinus, or Lobelia longis (Lobelia erinus). © Shihmei Barger
To the best varieties of lobelia erinus belong:
- the Blauer Edelstein variety is compact, dark green, with cornflower-blue flowers blooming in stunning amounts,
- Schneeball variety - white variety with a cream shade, small flowers and improved branching,
- Kristallpallas variety with dark blue flowers and dark leaves with an inky purple tint,
- the “String of Pearls” variety is a mixture of low-growth lobelias and shining various colors;
- Kaiser Wilhelm variety with a unique blue color, the analogue of which can be found only in gentian women and with small, but very light green,
- the White Lady variety is the best of the snow-white lobelias,
- the Sapphire variety, whose bright blue flowers glow against the background of bright leaves,
- Cascade Mixed variety - variety mixture of ampelous lobelia with the most variable colors from white to pink and blue,
- grade “Riviera Lilac” with a lilac-pink light color,
- variety “Half Moon” with a contrasting white spot, superemoral flowering and a rare blue color of the corolla,
- Riviera Sky Blue variety with sky-blue flowers and high powerful bushes,
- Reggata Rose variety with a raspberry pink color,
- Reggata Sky Blue variety with a charming scattering of sky-blue flowers.
Other annual lobelia
Lobelia ampelous - form, specially bred for growing in hanging baskets. This hybrid has tough shoots, dense greens and a surprisingly elegant and lush crown. During flowering ampelous lobelia resemble flowering clouds.
Lobelia is the thinnest (Lobelia tenuior) - an exquisite and slightly wild-looking plant that does not form such ideal bushes, but in its own way charming. Slender plant about 30 cm tall decorated with blue, occasionally mauve two centimeter flowers. Ideal for landscape design.
Lobelia finest (Lobelia tenuior). © Mark Brundrett
Lobelia strong (Lobelia valida) is a short and rather rare species. Reaching a maximum of 40 cm, it looks like Lobelia Erinus, but with a less neat and perfect bush. Erect shoots and strikingly dense and lush foliage of this African beauty - the perfect backdrop for large flowers. Blue and purple, they are decorated with a shining white spot and seem almost twice as large as the Lobelia erinus.
Lobelia strong (Lobelia valida). © Andrew massyn
Not quite Lobelia is beautiful (Lobelia x speciosa) is not like other annual lobelia. But this is because it is grown in several forms - seasonal and perennial. This is explained by the presence of the plant and individual varieties that require early sowing, not frost-resistant, and very different, quite hardy forms. Beautiful lobelia blooms in August only when sown in March-April, and later planting does not allow you to enjoy flowering in regions with harsh winters. That is why it is better to grow this lobelia in the middle lane as a seating pilot, sowing seeds in January-February. This magnificent and very lush plant is up to 80-90 cm tall, with beautiful bright and dense foliage and candle-shaped inflorescences. They are lacy, translucent, consist of bright pink and red large flowers of fancy shape with a “sponge”. The best varieties are pink-violet-red "Compliment" and "Fan Series Mixed".
Lobelia is beautiful (Lobelia x speciosa). © growingcolors
Actively use lobelia in landscape design:
- to decorate flower beds from letniki,
- to fill voids and place accents on flower beds and rabatkah,
- in ampels and stone florists,
- in the borders and to decorate the edges of the flowerbeds,
- in mixed container compositions and mini-flower gardens,
- for decoration of window and balcony boxes,
- as a ground cover.
Letniks from the number of lobelia - plants not only blooming rather quickly, but also not very capricious. Growing them is not at all difficult if you provide them with comfortable conditions.
Annual lobelia is grown with maximum protection from the cold. They can be set up in the garden, and even more so planted only after the threat of even light nightly frost disappears. Hardening young seedlings must begin earlier, gradually: the acclimatized seedlings are able to withstand zero values and even frost down to minus 2 degrees. But more severe cold for lobeli disastrous.
The most important thing is to provide the crumbs as bright as possible. The warmest and sunny areas for lobeli will provide an abundance of flowers and no problems with diseases and pests. Many modern varieties and new hybrids are able to grow in partial shade and even in the shade, while the lighting parameters are better specified when buying seedlings or seeds.
Soil for lobeli pick up very easily. Sandy or loamy soil, the most common garden land with "average" characteristics is ideal for them. If only the ground was loose, it let in water and air well. Please note that lobelia do not like the excess in anything, including in nutrients: the soil should be normal, but not too fertile, and better - even scanty. With an excessive amount of nutrients, especially organics and nitrogen, lobelia builds up a thick, stunningly beautiful crown, but blooms very badly.
Lobelia in hanging pots. © danziger
Care for lobelia-letniki
The most difficult thing in growing lobelia is to maintain a constant soil moisture. Lobelias are not afraid of droughts, but at the same time they quickly lose the shape of the bushes and instantly stop flowering. They will never be able to recover and will look like ordinary, unremarkable cultures with rare flowers and twisted, elongated shoots. Therefore, watering should be given increased attention. Drying of the roots and the substrate should not be allowed completely even for 1-2 days, so watering the lobeli should be frequent and abundant. It is better to drain the water from the drip pan after watering than underfill. Watering is equally necessary for pot-growing plants and lobelias planted in open soil.
Feeding for lobeli is carried out in accordance with not too much love of plants for nutritious soils. Fertilizers are applied periodically, along with abundant irrigation, just maintaining stable soil characteristics. Typically, for lobeli, fertilizing is performed twice as rarely as for the other summer workers - once every 2 weeks or weekly, but in reduced doses.
For beauty and lush flowering lobelias need trimming. The thing is that lobelia bloom in waves and they need help to constantly maintain abundant blooms. The shoots that have already completed flowering are removed from the lobelias, cutting them at a height of about 5 cm. This letnik is very quickly and actively increasing new greens and the next wave of flowering occurs literally in a matter of days. But do not rush to pruning: for many new varieties, the second wave starts independently without stimulation, and if your lobelia does not show signs of the end of flowering and flaunts tirelessly with a cover of flowers, then there is no point in cutting it. Watch the plant - and it itself will tell you the best strategy.
If the shape of the bush is important to you, and some shoots are knocked out of the crown, then it is better to pinch the tops and thereby stimulate the thickening of the bush.
Pests and diseases of lobelia are not terrible. If they are surrounded by infected plants or you have allowed waterlogging of the soil, the plant has suffered greatly, then it is better not to fight the source of infections, but simply destroy the whole plant and replace it with a new one.
Lobelia erinus, or Lobelia longis (Lobelia erinus). © pacificgreenlandscape
Planting lobelia seeds:
Seeds for seedlings are sown in February, March, in extreme cases - in the first half of April. For germination they need heat: air temperature from 20 degrees Celsius, and bright lighting. Seeds just scatter on the surface of the soil and do not cover the substrate. For lobelia, it is important to maintain a constant soil moisture. Germination of this plant usually takes two weeks. Difficulties with self-growing seedlings are mainly due to the fact that lobelia should be moved to cooler conditions immediately after emergence, with air temperature from 10 to 15 degrees. As soon as the seedlings grow up to 2.5 cm in height, they are sure to pinch the tops. Picks are carried out a month or later after planting, the plants are seated not one by one, but several pieces in one pot. The first feeding is carried out two weeks after the dive.
It is possible to transfer lobelia to open soil or plant in pots for terraces and balconies only after the threat of frost has disappeared and hardened for a long time. Transplantation is carried out only from the second half of May.
Lobelia ampelous plant is an amazingly beautiful plant with a lush cap of small flowers. Ideal for planting in pots and other hanging containers to decorate the balcony and garden area. It has a long flowering period. Choosing for yourselves the most liked ones from the photo and description of its best varieties, you should not forget about caring for the plants, so that they will delight with their delicate flowering until the frosts.
Description of lobelia ampelous
Lobelia belongs to the Kolokolchikov family. There are many varieties of this plant, some of which are even medicinal. But only some of the species are used in floriculture. The most popular is lobelia ampelous. It is a perennial plant, but in the conditions of our country it is more often cultivated as an annual, as these flowers belong to heat-loving and do not tolerate harsh winters.
This species of lobelia is distinguished by thin shoots, leafy rather densely. Stems can grow up to 50 cm in length. But when they reach 10-15 cm, they start to lean. The leaves are small, oblong in shape.
Lobelia looks wonderful in pots
The flowers of the lobelia ampella are also small, irregular in shape, up to 1.5-2 cm in diameter, arranged along the entire length of the stem. They form a beautiful lush hat, and the flowering plant looks like a ball. The range of shades of flowers is quite wide. Often there are various shades of blue and blue. But there are also white, pink, purple-crimson, lilac.
Attention! Lobelia is never red or yellow. When talking about the red color of flowers, pink or crimson shades are meant, which must be considered in order not to fall for the tricks of unscrupulous sellers.
Lobelia ampelnaya does not have a great variety of varieties, but the gardener still has some choice. Among the most popular among growers of its varieties can be called:
- Sapphire - forms a lush bush with hanging shoots up to 35 cm in length. The flowers are small, blue in color, white blotches are present on the petals,
- Blue fountain - up to 6-8 falling flowering shoots form on a compact bush. The length of the stems is about 30 cm. It blooms blue. In the middle of the inflorescence there is a white speck,
Grade Blue Fountain
- Red cascade - a bush plant is well developed, strong shoots. The length of the stems reaches 35 cm. It has abundant flowering. And although the name of the variety contains the word “red”, lobelia of this color does not exist. The color of the flowers is not at all red, but dark pink or closer to the crimson.
- The regatta variety is also in high demand. The plant of this lobelia forms a beautiful lush bush. It happens different colors of flowers, there are even pink and lilac shades.
- Among the popular varieties can be called the amber lobelia Ricardi. Only this is a hybrid variation, and it multiplies not by seed, but by grafting.
Growing from seed
Of course, now you can buy seedlings ready for planting. The flower will only plant in a container with prepared soil. But it is much more interesting to grow lobelia from seeds, although it may seem at first and quite difficult for beginners in floriculture. And the thing is that the seeds of these flowers are very small, smaller in size poppy seeds, and this causes some difficulties when planting.
Lobelia has been developing for a long time, therefore planting of seeds is carried out quite early. The most suitable time for sowing is February or the beginning of March. But many flower growers produce sowing even earlier, at the end of January. The soil for planting should be light and loose with neutral acidity. For growing seedlings, you can take ready-made soil.
Council If ordinary garden soil is used for planting seeds, it is necessary to pre-ignite it in the oven. It is also best to dilute it slightly with sand to make it more loose.
Features planting ampelous lobelia
It cannot be said that lobelia is too difficult to grow. Some difficulties can only be caused by planting seeds and caring for young seedlings, as they are very thin and weak at first. The seeds are very small, so they can be difficult to evenly spread on the soil surface and avoid thickening. To facilitate this process somewhat, you can use one of the following methods of planting lobelia on seedlings:
- Mix the seeds with fine sand. Then spread this mixture evenly over the surface of the prepared soil in the landing tank.
- The tip of the toothpick moistened in water. Dry seeds will stick to it a few things. Thus you can gently and evenly transfer them to the surface of the soil.
- Buy seeds in granules - this is the easiest way to quickly and easily plant lobelia.
Peat tablets or small cups filled with prepared primer can be taken as planting containers. Planting of seeds is made on the moistened soil superficially. From above, the container needs to be closed with glass or film before the seeds germinate and for some time after germination. Care must be taken to keep the soil moist; daily airing is also required. Watering is first carried out by spraying from a spray bottle. And then, when sprouts appear, it is better to use a small syringe for watering so that water does not fall on the young leaves.
Attention! Lobelia seed germination occurs only in the light; therefore, it is unacceptable for them to be sprinkled with soil when planted.
At first, seedlings develop very slowly. When young seedlings first leaflets, they can dive, planting a few pieces in pots or boxes. With the onset of heat, when the threat of frost is no longer present, containers with plants are placed on a permanent place in the open air. Lobelia blooms profusely and continuously.
Lobelia needs proper pruning
When the first wave of flowering comes to an end, it is better to prune the plants. This will contribute to the rapid growth of the bush and the next flowering. The second time you can prune around August in order to continue the flowering of lobelia until frost. But if you plan to collect your own seeds from a plant, they do not make the second pruning so that they can mature before the cold weather.
Lobelia ampelous plant is a beautiful plant that during flowering resembles a magnificent ball. These flowers, planted in hanging boxes and pots, can be a real decoration of a balcony or a country site. It is only necessary to take into account some features of the cultivation of lobelia, and it will delight the eye with its delicate flowering from the beginning of the summer to the very cold.
Planting lobelia: video
Overview of ampelous lobelia
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Lobelia flowers decorate with themselves various flower beds and flower beds. In order to get magnificent garden flowers of lobelia, planting and caring for a plant should be carried out within the framework of the recommended agricultural culture. You can get acquainted with the main points on this page. The material considered planting lobelia plants, care for them during the entire growing season. Much attention is paid to the choice of varieties and species. In detail described about the cultivation of seedlings in peat tablets and special pots. By creating suitable conditions for growing lobelia, you can get the perfect flower garden that will delight the eye with magnificent buds throughout the summer and autumn. The most important thing in this process is to plant the seedlings in time to get the earliest possible flowering.