Pushkin's hen was bred in our country at the Research Institute of the Agricultural Academy in 1976-2005. Such popular breeds as leggorn, austlororp, Moscow whites and cross Broiler-6 were used as parents. Selection was carried out by free mating, as well as group selection by live weight and exterior. Pushkinsky chickens were approved as breed in 2007. At the moment it is one of the most popular in Russia. This is the only breed bred in our country over the past 30 years.
Pushkin chicken mottled or striped look very beautiful. In layers, the plumage is fluffy with a beautiful white undersize. It is thanks to the latter features of the carcass of these chickens has a very attractive presentation. Pushkin cockerels have a white color with rare dark spots. The main features of this breed include:
- A high not thick neck with a pronounced feather mane.
- Sharply curved down ivory-colored beak.
- White high legs with four fingers.
- White curled claws.
- Trapezoid body tapering towards the tail.
- Wide chest.
- Vertically set tail.
- Slightly down wings.
- Dense fluffy plumage.
- Rose-like low red comb with pronounced spikes.
- Bulging orange eyes.
The skin of this bird is completely white, without any shades. In some farms, Pushkin chicken and other colors are bred. However, motley (with black) in chickens and pure white in cockerels is still the most common.
Reviews about Pushkin breed
The temper of these chickens is rather phlegmatic and very benevolent. Feedback from farmers about this breed is simply wonderful. With another poultry, Pushkins get along very easily. If something scares them, they do not begin to fuss, like layers of other breeds, but simply press themselves to the ground and calm down. Catching a chicken if necessary is completely easy. There is never a conflict between the layers of this breed - neither because of food, nor because of the nests.
Quickness is another undoubted advantage of such a bird as Pushkin's chickens. Feedback on them in this regard from the owners of private plots is also very good. The requirements of the owners of these wonderful birds literally understand instantly. Such an appeasable nature is one of the main reasons for the enormous popularity of Pushkin hens among home gardeners.
For the most part, Pushkin's chickens, of which there are only positive reviews on the Internet, are contained for the sake of eggs. One layer can postpone up to 260 pcs. in year. But this, of course, a record. However, even under normal conditions of detention, less than 200 pcs. in the year the owners usually do not receive. Pushkin rush start pretty early. Their eggs can have both pure white and light cream shell. In size, they are quite large. The weight of eggs can vary from 58 to 61 g. The taste of their qualities, judging by the reviews of the owners of farms, is simply wonderful.
Fertility in Pushkin eggs is very good - 95%. At the same time, the survival rate of young animals is excellent - 95%. Adult chickens - under normal conditions of detention - about 87%.
Pushkin's meat is also very tasty. As in the case of egg breeds, the extra mates, as well as the chickens, are slaughtered in the brood after a decrease in productivity after several years (4-6). These birds grow quite large. The weight of the rooster reaches 2.5 kg, the hen - 1.8-2 kg.
Pushkin chicken is kept in about the same conditions as the hens. That is, the floor method is usually used in an unheated shed. Frost, this bird is not afraid at all. When it was placed on it, one of the main accents was made. Fluffy plumage, high legs and even a small crest pressed to the head, it is practically impossible to freeze frost - all this allows to successfully keep chickens even in the most severe climate of the middle zone and Siberia.
Pushkin's striped motley chickens will feel good in a poultry house built of absolutely any material. However, the concrete walls will still need to be warmed. Usually, a shed for chickens of this breed is erected from sleepers or made frame-shield. A very thick layer of sawdust or straw should be laid on the floor. In winter, it will serve as a "heater".
Perches are located at a height of 70-80 cm. Nests can be nailed to the wall of the shed. Under the windows of them, as well as perches, do not have. Despite good health and endurance, the chickens of this breed, like any other, are afraid of drafts.
Pushkin breed of chickens, reviews of which allow to judge her as very calm, can produce quite viable and productive offspring. Despite the docile nature, cockerels are very active. Usually on 20-25 hens give birth to one such "macho". If there are fewer hens in the farm, you should leave the rooster quieter with them. Due to such a high activity of gentlemen, unfertilized eggs in the nests almost never happens.
The instinct of hatching by these birds is almost lost. In some cases, Pushkin may sit on the egg. However, chicks usually incubate more than two weeks, and then just throws. Therefore, eggs are usually laid in an incubator.
Since the Pushkin breed of chickens, whose reviews from private traders are really good, is related to the meat-yielding direction of productivity, it is necessary to feed its representatives a little differently than regular layers. Chickens of this variety are slightly prone to overeating. Overfeeding such a bird is not recommended. The fat deposited on the internal organs will inhibit the hormonal regulation of egg production. However, it is also impossible to underfeed the birds.
On average, chickens of meat-yachting breeds are given about 15–20% more feed than regular laying hens. The diet of this bird includes such products as:
- whole grain (preferably at least two species),
- shredder (also two types),
- wheat bran,
- boiled potatoes,
- fresh vegetables,
- greens (nettle, quinoa, carrot and beet tops, etc.),
- fodder yeast, bone meal, salt, shells.
Pushkin's motley breed of chickens should get wet mashes in such quantity that they are eaten completely in about 40 minutes. To allow their souring is impossible in any case.
The schedule for filling the feeders of Pushkin hens should be something like this:
- at 6 am, the bird is given whole grains, about 1/3 of the daily norm,
- at 8 o'clock in the morning you can put a wet mash of vegetables with the addition of bran,
- at 12 o'clock again give grated vegetables,
- at 18 h again impose grain (the remaining 2/3).
Before collecting eggs for incubation, that is, during the period of fertilization, it is advisable to give food to the males in separate feeders. In order for the chickens not to eat them, they are nailed to the wall of the shed at a certain height. Chickens to feed in this case will be able to reach, and the hens - no. To improve the reproductive ability of food add 50 g of germinated grain per head. Also, during this period, cocks should be given special preparations enriched with vitamins A and E (20 g per 1 kg of feed).
Of course, hens (Pushkin striped and variegated) also need fine gravel. It helps feed feed. Place it in a hen house in separate containers.
You can start your journey through the village from the most famous estate of Alexander Sergeyevich - Mikhailovskoye. According to official mentions, he spent here a large period of time of his youth, and was also in exile from 1824 to 1826.
This estate the family of the poet possessed even before his birth. His story begins in 1742, when it was transferred from his great-grandfather (O. A. Gannibal) to his grandfather, and only then to his mother. Mikhailovsky began to wear the status of state property in 1899. This date was not chosen by chance, it was connected with the 100th anniversary of the poet’s birth.
The Pushkin Museum was opened a little later - 1911. Tourists visiting Pushgory should be aware that all the buildings that previously belonged to this estate have been restored several times, since in 1918 there was a serious fire. Tragic fate hung over this place. Despite the fact that everything was restored by 1937, the Second World War was able to make its own adjustments.
The second stage of restoration work in the Pushkin Hills began immediately after the end of the war. On the territory of the presented attractions you can find:
- House-museum of the poet, in which difficult restoration work was done. The architects had a serious task - to restore the interior and complement it with authentic things of the past centuries. Each tourist can look at several open rooms, one of the most interesting is the study.
- House nanny.
On the territory is located Mikhailovsky Park, where visitors can enjoy the flavor of those times. The spruce alley, planted by a great-grandfather, deserves special attention, as well as the alley of Anna Kern, along which Pushkin loved to walk in the company of his beloved.
The great merit of the workers of the Pushkin Mountains, as they support the restored image of the estate every day. The undoubted advantage of the museum is that it recreates the usual day of the poet, but because the viewer as if plunges headlong into a unique atmosphere. The stone lying on the desk in the office seems to remind of Anna Kern, who stumbled over him. A large number of exhibits overgrown with legends and secrets.
Pushkinskiye Gory is famous not only for the Mikhailovsky, but also for the Petrovsky estate, which has its own equally rich history. It was presented by Empress Elizaveta in the mid-18th century to the poet’s grandfather, Hannibal A.P. Soon it was presented to Peter Abramovich, a great-uncle, and after a while, a great-uncle, Benjamin Petrovich, who became the last owner of the Hannibal family.
Since 1839, Petrovskoye was counted for other masters, and only in 1936 did it become part of the museum staff of the Pushkin Mountains. It is worth noting that Petrovskoye, like the Mikhailovsky estate, was restored over the years. The houses in which Alexander Sergeyevich himself spent his time were irretrievably lost in 1918 during a fire. After 70 years, the house of a great-uncle was completely rebuilt, and by 2000, the construction of the house of his great-grandfather was over.
Today, the museum complex includes not so many exhibits. These include:
In the museum you can see the authentic things with which the poet came into contact. Many of them were found during excavations, and archaeologists were able to thoroughly analyze them. Based on the data obtained, it is possible to draw a conclusion about the life of those times. In the park arbor-grotto grows only three trees: linden and two elm. They found Abram Hannibal, and therefore an employee of the Pushkin Mountains cares for them with special diligence.
Speaking of Trigorsky, it is worth saying that it was not the property of Pushkin, but belonged to close friends - Osipov-Wulf. This estate was no exception, and therefore in 1918 it turned into ashes. The recovery phase began after the end of the Second World War. The manor house was built in 1962, and 16 years later - a bathhouse, which was not only used for joint swimming, but also as a place for recreation.
Pushkin loved not only his own chambers, but also an ordinary bathhouse, in which he often secluded himself and enjoyed silence. In the manor house you can see exhibits that are of great value to contemporaries. Each person can touch the achievements of past eras.
Separate attention deserves Trigorsky Park, which has many interesting places.
In the Pskov region it is difficult to find a place where it will be so cozy and quiet. Trigorsky Park is quite easy to find, since it is located not far from Trigorskoy parking. From it stretches a narrow road that passes through the territory of an orchard, runs along the pond and ends at the old manor of Vydomy. Turning to the right you can be in the museum complex, and to the left - in the park.
Trigorsky Park has long glorified the Pushkin Mountains, because it personifies the classic landscape art, which dates back to the second half of the 18th century. According to the original idea, the construction of the park was planned in a distinctive romantic style. Bookmarking was Vyndomsky, who did not forget about the economic side of this construction.
In the eastern part a linen factory was built, as well as food barns. The western and eastern parts of the orchard, which is still observed by visitors to the Pushkin Mountains. It is worth noting that the decision to build the park was taken for a long time, since the hilly and deep ravines could interfere with the process itself.
In the park there are corners that have received the name, flashing in the novel "Eugene Onegin". The winding path leads to a green gazebo, which is surrounded by old lime trees, planted in the 18th century. The available descent is convenient for the tourist, because it allows you to see the lowland and the bathhouse. Leaving the banks, one can observe the territory of the Mountains, a cascade of three small ponds. It should be noted that they were also restored, but still in the 19th century. Water for washing was taken from a small pond, and from the side of the bath there was a walking path.
The green hall was used for dancing, which usually gathered young people. After passing this site through a small bridge, you can find yourself on a large lime avenue, which left no one indifferent, especially during the flowering period.
Where else can you go?
In order to understand the real appearance of the Pushkin Mountains, one must visit the Svyatogorsky monastery. This attraction has a rather pessimistic reputation, since in this place is the patrimonial burial of the poet.
The beginning of the construction was the command of Ivan the Terrible in the 16th century. According to the legend, construction in the Pushkin Mountains was started on the spot where the shepherd Timofey saw the face of the Mother of God Odigitria. Poet regularly visited the monastery and talked with representatives of the clergy. Since 1924, it was closed, only in 1992, a monastery was opened, the fame of which went far beyond the mountains.
A tourist departing from the Mikhailovsky estate to the monastery must look into Bugrovo, a small village where a restored mill stands. It was recreated according to historical reports and almost completely copies the lifetimes of the poet. In memory of visiting this place, you can take a small bag of fresh flour as a souvenir to your family and friends.
To the Pushkin Mountains: an excursion or on your own?
Many come to the Pushkin Mountains on their own. In my opinion, at least for the first time, it is worth going with a guided tour. We were lucky - we had a general tour by an employee of the Pushkin House (St. Petersburg), and the excursions to the estates were conducted by the staff of the museum-reserve. In fact, these were refresher courses in Pushkin Studies: I learned a lot about the poet’s life, and looked at his work in a new way.
Petrovskoye, the house of Peter Abramovich Hannibal
As a rule, excursions to the Pushkin Hills last 2 days. Sometimes they fit in one day. We went on a 3 day trip. And according to its results, I can say that 3 days is the minimum time required to see all the sights of this unique place.
It is so meditative and beautiful that, ideally, you need to stop here for a week to take a leisurely look around, take a walk in picturesque parks, dream on the very place where Tatiana’s explanation with Onegin happened and in general understand what role these places played in the life and work of Alexander Pushkin.
Trigorskoye, Osipov-Wulf House
The program of our trip to the Pushkin Hills
1st day The road from St. Petersburg to the Pushkin Mountains, travel information. Hotel accommodation, lunch. Afternoon - visit to the manor Petrovskoe, free time in the estate (walk through the park). Dinner at the hotel and free time.
2nd day Breakfast at the hotel. Visiting the manor Mikhailovskoye, a tour of the manor, free time for a walk in the park. Lunch in the cafe "Svyatogor". Afternoon - Drive to Trigorskoye, a tour of the park and the estate, a visit Gorodishchi Voronich. From there - move to Savkina Hill (from the road to the hill you need to walk about 1 km). Dinner at the hotel.
3rd day. Breakfast at the hotel. Village Tour Bugrovo and the mill. Moving to Svyatogorsky monastery, tour of the monastery, visiting the grave of Alexander Pushkin. Lunch at the hotel, departure to St. Petersburg.
According to the program of our tour you can see how rich the trip was. We thoroughly inspected all the estates. However, I would like to additionally at least one day to take a walk in the forest, to see the villages.
What else to see in the Pushkin Hills
- Орнитологический питомник «Аргус». Здесь содержится около 50 видов и пород птиц, несколько видов млекопитающих. Некоторые из них гуляют по территории вместе с посетителями. Режим работы: с 10 до 18 часов.
- Дом-музей Сергея Довлатова. Здесь С.Д. Довлатов провел свой отпуск, работая экскурсоводом в музее-заповеднике. Воспоминания об этом периоде легли в основу романа «Заповедник». Адрес: Псковская обл., Пушкиногорский р-н, д. Березино.
Scheme of the museum-reserve "Pushkin Hills"
It will be difficult to drive around the Pushkin Mountains without a car - the estates are located at a distance from each other. Therefore, if you come on an independent trip, it is better to travel by car or bicycle. Or take a tour on the spot. In 2014, permission to enter three estates (Mikhailovskoye, Petrovskoye, Trigorskoye) cost 200 rubles, you can buy them in the scientific and cultural center. In addition, allowed to take pictures in the manor houses.
Sights of Pushkinogorye on the map
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It is difficult to say which of the estates in the Pushkin Mountains is the most. Each one has its own.
In the Pushkin Mountains, a kilometer away from Mikhailovsky, lies a high hill - the ancient site of Savkina.
In the estate of Mikhailovskoye, located in the present-day Pushkin Mountains, there is a beautiful park, founded in the 1780s.
In the Pskov region there is an amazing place - Pushkin Hills. It is called in different ways -.
In the Pushkin Mountains, on the opposite side of the Mikhailovsky Lake Kuchan, lies the estate of Petrovskoe.
Thank you, Maria, for the detailed report. Husband what year wants to go there. This is all for me with a small child. Nice pictures.
Olga, be sure to go! I think when the baby grows up a little, he will also be interested there. A friend of mine last year went there with a 3-year-old daughter. All were satisfied.
Masha, you are probably right. Pushkin Mountains and surroundings require a thoughtful, unhurried visit! And you definitely need to go back there in a few years!
I have a friend who went there several times already. And each time - new experiences. I decided for myself that I would definitely come there. It will be necessary only to pre-read the book of Geichenko about Pushkin Hills 🙂
And payment for entry is made immediately, or should I order in advance?
Right there in the scientific and cultural center. Perhaps, it is possible and in estates - when I will be there, I will find out.
The PASS is bought at the box office of the Scientific and Cultural Center in the village of Pushkinskiye Gory (S.S. Geychenko Boulevard, 1).
up to 7 seats - 200 rubles to the parking lots of Mikhailovsky, Trigorsky, Petrovsky and Bugrovo
Without a pass, you can park the car in the Free Parking “At Three Pines”, located 1.5 km from the estate of A.S. Pushkin, 1 km from the estate of the Osipovy-Wulf “Trigorskoe”. Check in to the parking lot from the villages of Voronich and Lugovka.
Amazing place! I really want to go there! I hope we get to him someday. Three days in such a beautiful place! Masha, imagine how many impressions you have!
I planned myself a trip there for five days - to walk slowly, just enjoy the beauty.
Oh, this is just wonderful! I love leisure. I imagine what a great series of photo reports and sketches will be later ... It seems to me that in order to understand a place, feel it, you need to spend at least five days in it. Although they may not be enough.
I would now describe my current trip - so much to see! By the way, I caught a buzz from such a format - when you linger in some places for a while, but mostly you go. It is interesting to see how landscapes change.
An excursion apiary opened in Pushkin Hills (Sovkhoznaya st., 29). The site features exhibits showing the development of beekeeping from antiquity to modern technologies: various types of beehives, beehives, bee traps, ancient means of protecting the beads from bears, nipples, honey extractors, beekeeping equipment.
The tour includes tasting of honey of different types and bee products.
In our apiary "Bee Manor" you yourself can try to pump out honey in honey extractor!
The excursion apiary and the Bee Manor Shop are open daily.
tel. 8 921 117 26 83 Anna
tel. 8 921 210 03 80 Vladimir
Website: http: //www.med60.ru
On November 1, they also visited Pushkin Hills, quietly, beautifully, no fuss. Managed to call on the excursion apiary "Bee Manor". Really not an ordinary museum (like everything in the Pushkin Hills). In the museums we had a fascinating tour, and after we were treated to delicious honey and tea. I highly recommend finding an hour to go to this museum in the Pushkin Hills!
Just returned from the Pushkin Mountains. Silence, while there are few tourists, the reserve is closed. Which is very good. The hotel is quiet, not noisy. Visited all known places. We visited Mikhailovsky, Trigorsky. We sat on the famous bench. The alley is beautiful! It was lucky with the weather, warm and sunny. On the last day we decided to visit the Bee Manor Beekeeping Museum. Impressed! An interesting place. It differs from all museums, the guide is a beekeeper herself, therefore she was able to answer all our questions easily and interestingly. Honey is very tasty. Sbiten - tried the first time, super product.
Maria, thanks for the interesting story about Pushgorah. Tell me, please, where did you buy the excursion for 3 days? Thanks in advance for your reply.
We bought an excursion in St. Petersburg, if I am not mistaken, in a kiosk near Gostiny Dvor (bought by a friend). Usually excursions to the Pushkin Mountains are designed for 2 days, but occasionally there are three. Of course, it is better for three days to calmly see everything.
Natalia, for example, we traveled with the "Constellation" travel agency.
Unfortunately, I don’t see in the “Constellation” travel agency three-day excursions to the Pushkin Mountains. Only for 2 days. Or for 9 days. Or 3 days, but with a stop in Pskov, Pechora and Izborsk. And we want only in the Pushkin mountains.
Yes, Natalia. We drove the Pskov-Izborsk-Pushkin Mountains.
Look travel agency "Venice of the North", after our group (when we were in the beekeeping museums "Bee Manor") came "Venice of the North" we talked with people, they also were for 3 days. They shared their impressions of the museums (everyone was afraid of bees, but it turned out not there, just a museum ...)
Mary, thanks for the informative comment! I want to go to Pushgory for a week and alone: I'm tired of the fuss. I heard that you can stay in the private sector and rent a bike. I'll try))
Svetlana, I wish you good luck! It seems to me that this should be a wonderful trip - it is very beautiful in the Pushkin Hills and they should be watched leisurely.
Tell me, is video allowed in the estates or only for a fee?
Ruslan, when I was in Pushkinogorye, on the territory could be photographed freely, in manor houses - is prohibited. From friends who visited there last year, I heard that now they were allowed to shoot in houses. But I don't know for a fee or for free.
Maria, do not tell me how to pay? I wanted to go there and go around all the estates. On the site I realized that you need to pay for the entrance to each property separately. Is it so
Tina, good afternoon! I was on a tour, the payment was for a group. But I saw that for each estate entrance was paid separately.
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