There are deposits of this mineral in many countries of the world: the USA, Germany, Italy, India, etc. Russia takes the second place in Canada for the extraction of potash salt after Canada. Our country accounts for almost a quarter of the world reserves of this raw material.
As in the case of stone, the extraction of potash salt is conducted by mining method. The company is quite dangerous. The fact is that the salt layers are fragile and unstable. And so in the mines often happen landslides.
One of the largest in our country is the Gremyachinskoe potash salt deposit. It is located in the Volgograd region, not far from the district center Kotelnikovo. Its area is almost 100 km 2. A very valuable salvinite variety of potassium salt is mined here. Another large field is located near Verkhnekamsk. Here, development is carried out on an area of more than 6 thousand km 2. The main types of potassium salts in the Verkhnekamskoye field are also strong.
The Gremyachinskoe potash salt, Verkhnekamskoye, as well as the Eltonskoye and Nepskoye deposits are accounted for by the State balance of reserves of the Russian Federation.
Extracted natural rock salts are converted by mechanical processing into the so-called raw. The latter, there are only two varieties: sylvinites and Cainites. Thus not too concentrated layers of salt are processed. Rich breeds are mainly processed at chemical plants.
Potash salt miningIn nature, the layers of potash and rock salt are formed close to each other. The formation of salt particles occurs through the evaporation of salt pits with subsequent cooling.
There are deposits in many countries of the world. The largest of them are in Russia (Gremyachinskoe), Canada (Sakchevan basin), Belarus (Starobinskoe), USA, Germany and other countries.
Potassium salt, as well as stone, is mined in the mines. Salt formations are fragile and unstable, which puts the lives of miners who mine salt in constant danger.
After extraction, the low-concentrated layers of natural salt are machined, during which it is divided into sylvinites and cainites. Richer breeds are processed at chemical plants.
Potassium bisulfate extraction
And a little about the secrets of the author
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