Today we consider the description of the gooseberry variety Consul. He has another name - Senator. This shrub is famous for its lack of thorns, which greatly facilitates the care and harvesting. Gooseberry Consul exhibits good resistance to temperature extremes, does not require painstaking care and provides delicious berries.
Description of the variety Consul
The main characteristics of the bush are as follows:
- The consul has an average ripening period, bears fruit for quite a long time. The first harvest can be collected in mid-July, the harvest continues until mid-August.
- It shows good drought tolerance and winter hardiness. It can easily withstand the temperature drop to -30 degrees.
- The berries are round, red color, which, when fully matured, turns into black. They have a moderately sour taste with a slight sweetness, and generally leave a pleasant aftertaste. Sufficiently large in size, the weight of one fruit reaches 6-6.5 g. The sugar content in one berry is approximately 6.7%.
- Productivity is high. From one bush can collect up to 3-7 kg of berries.
- Shrub sredneraskidisty, reaches a height of 1.8 m. Virtually no thorns. They are located along the main stem in small quantities. The leaves are medium sized, five-lobed.
Due to its frost resistance, the Consul is recommended for cultivation in the Far East, Western Siberia, the Urals and the Volga-Vyatka region.
You can grow in the south. However, it is worth remembering that the gooseberry does not like too dry time. To get a good harvest, you have to regularly water the shrubs.
Disease and Pest Resistance
The consul is quite resistant to various plant diseases and pests. It is not affected by powdery mildew, septoria and sawfly. However, this does not mean that he is also immune to other ailments.
Gooseberries should be periodically inspected, because they can form whole colonies of insects or any damage to the leaves, stems and berries. They can be fought with fungicides. Before using these drugs should be carefully read the instructions.
In order to prevent repeated defeat of the bush, it is necessary to carry out preventive measures. All affected leaves and branches must be cut and burned. The soil under the bush must be dug up.
Often, gooseberries can be affected by anthracnose and columnar rust. Both diseases have a fungal origin. With them to help cope with such tools as Bordeaux fluid (1%) and Kuprozan. They need to spray the plant before flowering, as well as after harvest.
Sometimes on the Consul you can see small insects - pests. Most often it is spider mite, ognevka and gooseberry aphid. Karbofos, Vofatoks and Apollo will save them.
Consul loves well lit and protected from the wind territory. It will be ideal to plant bushes along the fences. Most importantly, the sun's rays should fall on the shrub.
Planting seedlings should be carried out in loam and sandstone. The optimum acidity of the soil should be up to 5.5 pH. It is important to note that it is not necessary to plant gooseberries in those places where raspberries or currants used to grow. They leave behind barren soil.
To plant seedlings should be in late September or early October. This is the most optimal time. You can plant, of course, in the spring, immediately after the snow melts.
The planting of the variety Consul is carried out as follows:
- Dig a hole to a depth of 50 cm and a width of 60 by 60 cm. Shrubs should be located 1.5 m from each other.
- Add fertilizing: 8 kg of rotted manure + 2 kg of peat + 350 g of limestone + 300 g of wood ash. Peat promotes better soil aeration.
- Fertilizer pit should be left overnight. So all the components will take effect. The gooseberry seedling itself should be soaked in a special solution (5 l of water + 5 tbsp. Of potassium humate).
- Exactly a day later you can plant a sapling. Spread the roots gently and place it vertically in a hole. The root neck should be recessed 6 cm. This will ensure the subsequent formation of root shoots.
- Sprinkle with earth and tamper thoroughly.
- Slow the soil at the roots and water the bush.
In most cases, seedlings take root very well. The first berries can be seen a year after planting.
History of breeding varieties
In the Russian city of Michurinsk in the All-Russian Research Institute of Horticulture. Michurin under the authorship of Sergeeva was bred by crossing varieties Phenicus and Black Negus a new sort of Malachite. In 1949 an application for testing a variety was submitted to the State Committee of the RSFSR for the testing and protection of breeding achievements. And in 1959, the variety was allowed to grow, regions were recommended, among which are the Lower Volga, Ural and Far Eastern.
Description of the bush
Gooseberry bush Malachite dense, with a wide crown, tall (up to one and a half meters high). Thickly woody branches intertwine with each other, young branches are curved, with green bark, without edge. The spines are single, but there are also double ones, located perpendicular to the position of the branch, in the thorns and the internode. On the shoots, spikes of medium length and thickness, in the internodes - smaller and thinner, they grow infrequently, therefore the bush is considered medium-rich. Emerald green foliage, rounded shape, with a smooth carved edge of the plate, the upper part is smooth, the lower one is pubescent. The blades of the sheet are veined.
You might be interested to read about gooseberry pinless varieties.
Description of berries
Large round berries, ripening, are gaining weight up to six grams. The edge of the skin is absent, the skin is covered with a touch of wax. The color of the fruit corresponds to the name of the variety - malachite-green. Because of the thin skin, littered with brighter than the basic background, veined, the berry seems translucent.
The berry is kept on a thin, rather long stem of a darker shade. The fruit contains many small seeds. Gooseberry has a bright berry smell; on a 5-point scale, its taste is estimated at 3.7 points: pleasant, refreshing, and sour.
We advise you to familiarize yourself with the agrotechnics of growing such gooseberry varieties as: “Grushenka”, “Kolobok” and “Komandor”.
Drought resistance and winter hardiness
Gooseberry is not afraid of a sharp change in temperature, minus marks on the thermometer are not afraid of him. The variety was bred for growing in cold and long winters. However, such regions do not differ and are particularly hot in summer; therefore, the plant does not tolerate drought too well. In the summer he needs abundant watering.
Malachite is distinguished by medium early ripening: in May it blooms, the ripening of berries begins in late June, and in late July they harvest. The bush bears fruit unevenly and for a long time, therefore it is possible to take more than one crop, but if you do not immediately remove the fruits, but give them a little “reach”, they will get a golden hue and a great sweetness in taste.
See also other fruit shrubs: algae algae, goji, grapes, raspberries, currants, sea buckthorn, sunberry and dog rose.
For planting Malachite should pick a lit place, as well as take into account the proximity of fruit trees, which crown can cover the sun gooseberry. Variety is resistant to weather changes and winds, but still it is desirable shelter from drafts. Undesirable location of groundwater and planting in the lowlands is undesirable; this can provoke fungal diseases. The occurrence of groundwater should be no closer than one and a half meters to the surface, the site is better flat or slightly elevated.
Gooseberry loves a clean, well-groomed soil without the remnants of weeds, with a slightly acid or neutral reaction. The soil should be well aerated; preference is given to black soil or loam.
Did you know?At the time of Tsar Ivan III, on the banks of the Moscow River there were gardens in which gooseberries were grown. And they called the berry in old-Russian “bersen”, hence the name Bersenevskaya embankment.
Time and landing scheme
Gooseberries are planted in spring and autumn, but the latter is preferable: the shoots planted in September will have time to root and grow strong before the onset of cold weather. Planted in cleaned from the remnants of wheat grass and other weeds in the ground. The distance between the bushes, given their spreading, is not less than a meter.
The hole is dug about 40 cm deep, the same in width. Gooseberry loves fertilizers, so before each planting we should put a nutritious mixture of rotted manure and wood ash (10 kg manure / 100 g ash) in each hole. If the quality of the soil is low, you can add 50 grams of superphosphate. The seedling is lowered into the hole at a small angle, covered with soil, lightly tamped down, then poured with water (about a bucket on a bush).
Watering is especially required in hot weather, it is carried out under a bush. Watering should be as the soil dries, so as not to overwet the soil. It is important to monitor watering at the time of formation of ovaries, young branches, during the emergence and ripening of berries.
Important!With a lack of water, the fruits of the gooseberry are collected acids and do not get in weight.
The soil in the tree wheel must be loosened in order to oxygenate the root system of the plant, but this should be done carefully so as not to damage the surface processes of the roots.
Weeding is necessary for the plant: weeds deprive the gooseberry with moisture and nutrients. In addition, weeds grow, creating thickening, and this is the risk of bacterial diseases.
In order not to worry about a sufficient level of moisture or the formation of a hard crust in a circle around the trunk, the soil around the bush is covered with mulch, under which moisture is perfectly preserved and the growth of weeds is restrained.
The quantity and quality of the crop is affected by the nutrition provided to the crop during growth and maturation. In the spring gooseberry needs nitrogen, which helps build up its green mass (urea 45 g, ammonium nitrate 60 g under a bush). When the buds begin to form, they spend the second feeding with phosphorus, it is enough to add 60 g of superphosphate under the bush.
In the fall, after harvesting, potash-phosphate fertilizers are applied, which will strengthen the root system and the wood of the plant for the winter. Two tablespoons of superphosphate and potassium chloride are introduced under the shrub.
Cropping and crown formation
The first pruning procedure is carried out immediately after planting: shorten the shoots, leaving about six buds. The next sanitary pruning is carried out before the movement of the juices and the swelling of the kidneys.
In the autumn period, old and damaged branches are removed, shoots growing inside the crown, and preventing the growth of other branches. You should avoid thickening the bush, so as not to provoke disease and the invasion of insect pests. Sanitary autumn pruning as the bush grows involves removing the tops of the shoots, on which the berries are crushed, removing five-year branches.
Important!After pruning, all cuts must be treated with garden pitch to prevent infection.
Preparing for the winter
In addition to the autumn pruning, the winter preparation process includes cleaning of the tree circle from fallen leaves, branches and other debris. Only the most fertile branches (about five) are left for winter, the rest are cut to the soil surface.
Pristvolny circle mulch peat, sawdust, humus. After the snow falls, a snow layer is pushed under each bush. If there is little rain, cover with special material (agrospan).
The sweet and sour taste of berries determines a wide range of their use in cooking. Berries are eaten fresh, prepare fruit and fruit-vegetable salads. In the winter gooseberries roll compote, jam, jam, jam, berries and freeze.
Fruits are used as a filling for pies, boiled syrups and toppings, cooked marshmallow, marmalade, jelly, refreshing fruit drinks, berries are decorated with desserts. An unusually piquant touch of meat dishes, fish, poultry and garnish give gooseberry sauces. Berry is popular in the preparation of domestic alcoholic beverages: liqueur, wine, liqueur.
The advantages and disadvantages of the variety
- high yield
- preservation of fruits during transport,
- the duration of fruiting,
- large selection in the application of fruits,
- pleasant taste and aroma,
- fruit size
- no shedding of berries when ripe,
- powdery mildew resistance
- high resistance to low temperatures.
Did you know?Green gooseberry, due to its high pectin content, is recommended for people involved in hazardous production. Substances bind and excrete toxins, salts of heavy metals, level radiation exposure.
- reduced immunity to anthracnose and rust,
- tendency to weave shoots.
In general, reviews of gardeners Malachite grade positive. The culture can be grown in cold winters, with proper care, the bush bears fruit for a long time, the berries have a beautiful presentation and a good size. The gooseberry, besides, is a useful culture, there is a lot of iron in it, ascorbic acid, it is low-calorie, which makes it possible for berries to be consumed by people with excess weight.
“Consul” is a culture that is unpretentious in the maintenance and planting, but if one starts up the process of its development, it’s not worth hoping for a high yield. First of all, for planting you need to choose a lighted place, because the gooseberry is a light-loving variety. Windy areas and drafts should be avoided. It is preferable to plant a shrub along the fence, so that it is reliably protected from the wind. If we ignore such minimal recommendations, the plant will not be able to fully develop and bring the desired yield.
“Senator” is a high-yielding variety of gooseberry, which, with minimal care, is able to bear fruit for 20-25 years. Gather the berries completely ripened. From one hectare, you can get a crop of up to 20 tons of fruit. One bush for the first year is able to produce up to 3 kg of berries, in the future, the yield may increase 2-2.5 times - up to 8 kg.
The key advantage of the “Consul” variety is its self-pollination. Gardeners do not have to plant green “pollinators” in addition to the bush, because the ovaries on the gooseberry shoots will form independently at the right time.
a brief description of
Berries are characterized by red color, turning into almost black when fully ripe. They are characterized by a sour taste with a sweet note, oozing pulp with a small number of seeds. Therefore, from this gooseberry turns out excellent homemade jam and fruit drinks.
The variety shows high self-fertility, the berries begin to ripen from the end of July. The shrub fruits well, the first few years after planting can collect up to 3 kg of fruit, whereas in subsequent years, the crop is already out to 7 kg. Even a few plants are able to provide the whole family with a rich harvest. In addition, the fruits of the Consul willingly buy on the market because of the interesting, rich taste. However, it is not suitable for long-distance transportation, because it has a thin skin.
Cultivation and care
To collect the highest possible yield, it is important to know all the details of caring for gooseberries. Seedlings of this variety should be planted in a lighted place. If you ignore this advice, the yield will be much less. The gooseberry ideally survives on loamy and sandy soil.
It is recommended to plant a variety in autumn or spring. Each seedling needs to be buried 8 cm into the soil, which is preliminarily flavored with humus and wood ash. After that, it is imperative to water the bushes abundantly and trim the branches to 1/3, which will greatly help them to bush. The distance between the bushes should be at least 1.5 m.
The shrub should also be protected from wind, especially from the north. For this purpose, it is good to plant gooseberries along any fences. In the future, do not forget to provide support for the branches and their timely pruning. A suitable time for pruning is considered to be the beginning of spring, while the buds have not yet dissolved. It is necessary to remove the old and sick shoots, and from the young leave only a few of the strongest.
Based on feedback from experienced gardeners, we can conclude that the best gooseberry in terms of the ratio of fruit bearing and disease resistance is simply not to be found. It is not too demanding and the only significant drawback, in some cases, may be a predisposition to quickly spoil the fruit.
Advantages and disadvantages
Consul, in comparison with other types of gooseberry, has the following advantages:
- Resistant to powdery mildew.
- Gives a large amount of harvest.
- There are almost no thorns on it.
- It tolerates severe frosts and drought.
- The flowers are resistant to late spring frosts.
- Dessert taste of berries.
The disadvantages include a thin skin of berries, because of what they do not tolerate transportation.
History of the variety
Gooseberry Consul originates in 1995. In the scientific research institute of potato and fruit-growing, the breeder V. Ilyin crossed 2 varieties - African and Chelyabinsk green. As a result, the Consul variety was obtained, which showed good yields and amazing frost resistance.
After making selection achievements in the State Register, he quickly gained popularity among gardeners due to the lack of thorns on it.
How to choose a sapling?
The key to successful cultivation of gooseberries is the right choice of seedlings.
Before purchasing, pay attention to the following factors:
- At the root there should be a large number of fibrous roots, which absorb moisture. It is a guarantee that the seedling will take root and give a good harvest.
- Also, at the root should not be present defective and dry fragments.
- The branches of the seedling should not be dry and flexible.
- If the seedling is one-year, there may be one escape. On a two-year-old there should be 2-3 developed branches not less than 30 cm in length.
To prevent seedlings from being damaged during transportation, wrap the roots with a damp cloth, place them in a plastic bag and tie them tightly on top. When buying, give preference to famous nurseries. Buying from hands, there will be no guarantee that the sapling is the Consul.
Although the gooseberry Consul and not whimsical in the care, but still requires a little attention to himself.
Treatments such as:
- Hilling. The variety loves loose soil, so you should dig up the soil around the bush. For the first time, this should be done in early spring, and then in the summer - once a month.
- Top dressing. Abundant and sweet harvest can be obtained if you constantly feed the plant. Gooseberry especially loves potash-phosphate fertilizer.
- Watering. Consul should be watered every 2 weeks. It is better to do this in the evening or in the morning. At 1 bush will need 1 bucket of water. It is extremely important to water it during the fruiting period. Watering should be at the root of the bush.
- Crop. The procedure should be carried out according to the classical scheme. First, the seedling is pruned when planted and removed 1/3 of the length. Then pruning should be done in a year in early spring. Removed all the sick and old shoots. After this, only prophylactic pruning should be carried out.
Note that the gooseberry, which is cut correctly, has 2-3 strong branches of each age. For example, 3 one-year, 3 two-year-olds, 2-3 three-year-olds, etc. As a result, there should be about 15-20 productive shoots.
Collection and storage of berries
Harvesting begins in mid-July and lasts for a month. Fresh berries can be stored in the refrigerator for only a week. For longer storage, fruits can be placed in the freezer, where they can be stored for a year.
Consul can be subjected to heat treatment. The berries make delicious jams, compotes and jams.
The gooseberry variety Consul is an excellent instance of breeding. It is resistant to frost, highly productive and can bear fruit for 25 years.
The content of the article
A lot of varieties, both domestic and foreign, have already been bred, but such crops as Consul, which are distinguished by high yield and lack of thorns, are of great value for gardeners of our country.
In this article we will talk about the features of this variety, which is also called Senator. Of course, first of all, it should be said that this variety is characterized by an almost complete absence of thorns, which greatly facilitates the harvesting and care of the plant itself. But the Consul does not need thorough care, and he also shows good resistance to temperature extremes, and he gives the most delicious berries.
Harvesting and storing berries
As mentioned above, the Consul’s crop is harvested from mid-July to about mid-August. And fresh berries can be stored in the refrigerator for a week. But for longer storage, of course, it is better to put them in the freezer.
This variety can be subjected to heat treatment, as a result of which excellent jams, preserves and compotes are obtained from its fruits. The consul is, in general, an excellent example of breeding, because this variety can bear fruit for up to twenty-five years, high-yielding and resistant to freezing.
Gooseberry variety Senator belongs to the tall bushes, reaching a height of 180 cm. The stalk system is thick and has a large number of shoots. The branches of medium thickness are in the form of a straight or / or curved line. Young shoots are painted in dark green, in 2 or more year old sprouts, the color to gray, brown and red tones.
In the first year of life, at the base of the branches, spikes of medium length can be observed, which with the development of the gooseberry bush descend, leaving smooth and pleasant to the touch shoots.
Inflorescence is present as a single-chamber, and two. The flower belongs to the species bisexual, therefore, 2 options of pollination are available to it: independent and with the help of another bush.
Note! The cups at the base are painted in a red tint, which near the end of the petals flows into pink. Bud shape narrow, having an average length.
The green mass is egg-shaped and is up to 6 cm in size. Each leaf holds up to 5 chambers in a dark green color. The edges of the sheet contain the edge.
Dark red 8-gram oval-shaped berries with a minimum set of seeds, thin skin and fleshy flesh, taste sweet and sour, containing 4.9% of sugar content, which is the highest estimate of sweetness among tasters.
Interesting! Fruiting, with good care, can be carried out for 26 years.
Preparation of planting material
To get a good harvest, it is necessary to prepare fruit in advance, for this, gardeners recommend the following steps:
- examine the root system of the seedling after the formation of the roots, the cut should be light or green,
- check branches for flexibility and lack of dryness,
- for 3-4 hours to put the shoot in a solution of 6 liters of water and a growth accelerator in the form of 1 tbsp. potassium humate.
In the process of creating a comfortable “home” for a varietal pet, you must:
- choose a place on the elevated and sunny side of the site, but without drafts,
- choose the right soil - it should consist of sand and chernozem, where either one component prevails or the other with neutral acidity,
- dig a hole 65 * 50 - the bottom of the hole should be 2 thousand cm from the groundwater,
- put layers of fertilizer:
- 9 kg of manure, already pre-burnt,
- 2.5 kg of peat,
- 0.3 kg of ash,
- 0.4 kg of limestone.
- mix the soil mixture and wait 24 hours until ready.
Important! Fruiting is undesirable to plant on the site of currants and raspberries, because after them the soil is left without the necessary trace elements, or it does not contain enough for development.
For a representative of the flora to start quickly, it is recommended to plant him not only at a certain season of the year: spring or autumn (the second decade of the 9th month is the first decade of the 10th month), But also follow the instructions below:
- plant a seedling, slightly tilting it, in a pre-prepared hole,
- sprinkle earth around
- make a layer of pre-prepared soil mixture, so that the soil is loose and airy,
- plenty of water,
- put a layer of 15 cm, consisting of dry grass, straw and wood ash - mulch will help protect the plant from the cold, pests and provide additional feed in the form of nitrogen.
Before picking into the open ground, it is necessary to dip the root of the described variety into a mixture of water and earth, then put it into the fabric - these precautions will not harm the health of the plant.
When planting several bushes, it is necessary to leave a distance of 1500 cm between them. In the process of planting, the plant's neck should go into the ground by 9 cm.
To increase the amount of the crop, you can use two methods of plant breeding:
- Grafting is to separate a sprout with a few buds from the top of the maternal branch at an angle of 45 degrees using a shears, cut off the lower leaves and place in the water until the roots appear (for a day). To speed up the process, you can use chemical growth stimulants after water treatments. After the appearance of the root system, plant in the ground at a depth of 3 cm and water.
- Splitting - put one-year-old branches on the ground, fix them with a plastic or metal arch and sprinkle them with earth, watering abundantly. After the appearance of the first new shoots to separate from the mother bush.
Lumbery cuttings are collected in a bundle and planted in the second decade of September to a depth of 20 cm. After planting, they are covered with straw and grass, then with several layers of film, protecting them from the winter cold, and waiting for shoots to spring.
To gooseberries constantly gave a good harvest, you must:
- remove weeds and debris from the place of growth of the bush,
- monitor the optimum soil moisture by pouring 1 l of water three times per season: during the formation of ovaries, after receiving the berries, before preparing for hibernation,
- to make a feed in the form of ash and mineral complexes,
- loosen the soil to a depth of 15 cm after each of its moisture,
- if the plant is more than a year old, then remove the old, dried and diseased branches, forming a beautiful shrub and leaving up to 15 well-bearing branches,
- if a one-year-old sapling was planted, then leave only healthy and strong branches, removing all the others,
- to make the bush adapt better when cutting branches, it is advisable to remove 1/3 part,
- at intervals of 2 times a month, but before flowering and after harvesting, spray chemicals for disease prevention and protection from pests,
- to prepare for the winter season - in the case of a little snowy winter, put on the ground and cover with polycarbonate, in the presence of snow, leave it in its original state.
On a note! It is desirable to carry out watering before sunrise and after sunset, pouring water under the root and making sure that it does not erode the ground.
To the development of the bush was fast and fruitful, it is desirable to apply fertilizer according to the following scheme:
- Spring feed for accelerated growth of the root system and green mass - the introduction of nitrogenous fertilizer preferably 2 times a month (at the beginning and at the end). In the process of preparing the solution, with the calculation of processing a single bush, 12 g of ammonium infusion per 1 liter of water should be diluted.
- Summer feed for feeding plants during the formation of ovaries - introduction to the soil about 90 g of fluorine, potassium or 350 g of ash.
- Autumn feeding - making 0.5 bucket of manure or 1.5 buckets of humus, the dosage is indicated for one gooseberry bush.
Due to the high fruiting (up to 45%), harvesting can be carried out from the second decade of July to the first frost. From one young bush (up to 3 years old) up to 4 kg of berries are harvested. With the further development of the gooseberry, the total number of ripe berries reaches 8 kg.
You can use the harvest in the following areas:
- Cookery - in raw, frozen or canned form.
- Medicine - help to strengthen the immune system, reduce the risk of stroke, heart attack, help with the appearance of arrhythmia and increased pressure, treat the bladder, liver and kidneys.
- Neurology - acts as a sedative.
- Cosmetology - solutions based on leaves of a representative of the genus currant will improve the complexion and moisturize the skin.
Interesting! A daily intake of 5-10 berries of the gooseberry will help to find a thick shock of hair and strengthen the nail plate.