A low succulent branching at the base with jagged, faceted green stems — stapelia — does not attract much attention until it blooms. Then this plant affects two senses simultaneously: sight and smell. Large (from 6 to 30 cm in diameter) flowers - Pperfect end geometric stars - attract the attention of gloomy predatory, exotic beauty and at the same time exude disgusting smells of rotting.
Such scents are not a whim of nature, but a harsh need for it, because in those arid regions of Africa, from which the stocks have come to our window sills, there are only insect pollinators - flies. Attract such "guests" can only smells falling.
Despite the controversial neighborhood of beauty with disgust, the flower of the stapelia has its admirers. In Uppsala (Sweden), the Asclepias European Center operates, uniting fans of stocks, and the couple in Hellevotsluis (Netherlands) has six greenhouses, which contain only these fetid beauties.
In room culture, the stapelia are also attractive because caring for her is really very simple, and in summer, during flowering, you can put it on the balcony (this is useful for the plant itself) and admire the monstrous stars in the fresh air.
It has a green, sometimes with a reddish tinge, tetrahedral stem with low rounded teeth. The stem reaches a height of 20 cm. The flowers are formed at the bottom of young stems. The color of the "stars" is red-brown. On this background are narrow yellow stripes. The pedicels and the outer part of the petals are covered with thick hairs with a pink tinge. There is a variety without yellow stripes - the shiny lanyard.
Stapelia variegated (varying)
Shoots of this species grow up to 10 cm. The stem is green, occasionally reddish-green, smooth edges, jagged. Petals are pale yellow, with a wrinkled surface, wide at the base, elegantly pointed to the ends. Red-brown spots and stripes are scattered across the yellow background.
Strong, straight, green stems with a diameter of 3 cm grow to 20 cm. The edges of the shoots are dulled, they have rarely located low teeth. On long pedicels, truly giant flowers with a diameter of up to 35 cm open. The elongated triangular light yellow petals taper and sharpen to the ends. Their surface is covered with red thick hairs, and along the edge grow long, light hairs. The smell of these flowers is not as pronounced as in other species.
Stems of this species reach a height of 15 cm. The edges of the stems are distinct, with low, rarely located pointed teeth. In this species, up to three small flowers can form on a single pedicel of considerable length. On the greenish-yellow background of the petals there are pinkish stripes and spots, to the edge they are somewhat bent, dotted with white nap and hairs.
Representatives of this species have a height of 10 cm. Stems are green, occasionally purple-green, with smoothed jagged edges. Large "stars" are located on young shoots, have oval petals with pointed, curving ends. The outer part of the petals is light yellow, without pubescence; the inner part is golden yellow, sometimes dark red, wrinkled, with long, thick pinkish hairs. A pleasant exception - these flowers smell like natural wax.
Hybrid view. Strong shoots teeth upwards. The height of the stems is 15 cm. The flowers are arranged on long pedicels, decorated with rounded triangular petals, which are pointed to the ends. Petals with dots and stripes are yellow-green, and to the top they turn brown.
Stapelia grandiflora (grandiflora)
Stems of this species are green or yellowish-green, tetrahedral, with sparsely spaced, slightly curved teeth. "Stars" are revealed large - up to 15-16 cm in diameter. The recurved lanceolate petals are bluish-green on the outside, dark on the inside, maroon, pubescent with gray hairs, with cilia along the edge.
Care for the stocks at home
Stapelia light-requiring, she needs a bright, but mostly diffused light. Windows facing east or westbest suited for its content. On the south side of the sunny summer, the stocks will need shading: long intense lighting direct sunlight leaves burns on its stems.
In summer, the optimum temperature - 22-26 degrees. At this time of year, the plant is very useful to put on the balcony, taking care that no rain drops fall on it.
Spring and autumn seasons - rest time, and for winter time the best will be the temperature from 12 to 16 degrees.
Soil and planting
The most suitable soil is with high sand content. You can pour crushed charcoal into the prepared soil for cacti, or mix the washed river sand with turf soil in a 1: 2 ratio.
For landing it is better to choose shallow container: root system does not grow much. At the bottom it is necessary to pour a layer of small pebbles or expanded clay. This drainage fills a third of the pot.
After planting for several days the plant do not water.
Excess moisture is the main danger for the African guest. Flooded plant is affected by fungi and rot. Therefore, the main commandment for watering - moderation.
In the spring, when growth begins, and in the summer, during the development of new shoots and flowering, the stocks are regularly, but not too plentiful, watered over the dried upper layer of soil.
In the fall, the frequency and volume of watering is reduced to twice a month, and in winter, if coolness is ensured, water is extremely rarely watered once a month or less - just to avoid shrinking shoots. If wintering is warm, water will have to be a little more frequent.
Humid air of the stocks is not required, it perfectly transfers the dry atmosphere of city apartments with central heating.
Of the fertilizers best suited special. complex mixture for cacti. Top dressing is needed only in the period of growth and flowering -spring and summer, twice a month. It is also possible to use complex fertilizers for home floriculture, but these additives must be strongly diluted: the solution is prepared two to three times weaker than for ordinary plants. Potassium is very useful - it increases resistance to rot.
Flowering occurs in the summer, the time of one "wave" of flowering is usually two weeks. Viable specimens with young shoots, which provided a cool winter, bloom annually up to 2-3 times per season.
Stapes can discard the already existing flowers and buds, if you rearrange or rotate it. In the rest of the time, outside the period of flowering and budding, it is recommended to turn the pot so that the stems grow more evenly and do not bend too much in the direction of maximum light.
The exotic beauty of flowers is combined with disgusting smell. Here is the whole range of flavors of spoilage and rotting: from decaying meat to rotten fish. The only exception is the stapelia golden-purple, which has a waxy flavor.
Fortunately, flowering occurs in the summer and a vibrant bouquet of monstrous "stars", to its benefit and ease grower, can (and should) put on the balcony. Pollinating flies, attracted by the enchanting smell, will not slow down to appear.
Growth and transplant
Branching occurs from the base of the stalks and sprawl goes wideas a result, older stems cluster in the center. This structure lives several decades. Considering that only young shoots bloom, the central part of the overgrown colony of stems rejuvenate, cutting off the old shoots on the cuttings.
Annual transplanting is needed only for young plants. With age, they will need to be replanted once every 2-3 years, in old ones it is only possible to replace the top layer of soil with fresh soil.
Stapelia propagated by cuttings and seeds.
Reproduction by cuttings
With a sharp blade cut off part of the stem. Cut points can be treated with coal powder. The cuttings are dried for several hours, after which they are planted in sand or lightweight soil mixture from sand with peat crumb.Rooting occurs quickly. Then a new slipway can be transplanted into a small shallow pot with more nutritious soil. Plants grown from cuttings retain the species signs of maternal staples.
The fruit ripens throughout the year. Seeds are sown in light sandy soil. They sprout about a month. In the future, as they grow, the seedlings are planted in separate containers with a standard ground for the stocks. During seed reproduction, hybridization often occurs, the splitting of characters and young specimens, as a rule, differ markedly from the original forms.
Diseases and pests
Stapelia resistant to diseases and pests. For them, only excessive watering is dangerous, especially at low temperatures - then the plant can rot.
Slipway juice is a poison for many insects. Only live on it worms, spider mites or aphids. The most effective measure to deal with such "guests" is to use appropriate insecticide. Sometimes the mealybug leaves on stalks again and again. In this case, in order to preserve the slipway, it is necessary to root her healthy stalk, and to destroy the rest, to sanitize the pot and to wash the window sill well.
If you follow the basic, very simple, rules for the care of the stocks - bright light, moderate watering, sandy, slightly fertilized soil, dry cool wintering, - the plant will live for a long time, give abundant offspring and bloom annually, uniquely combining the very attractive with the extremely repulsive.
More photos of the stocks see below:
The stapelia are succulent, reaching a height of 10-60 cm, with juicy numerous tetrahedral stems branching at the base, and the faces are decorated with large non-sharp teeth, thanks to which the flower is mistakenly called a cactus stapelia. The color of the shoots is green or bluish, under the influence of the bright sun they may become red-violet, they do not have leaves.
Starfish-like flowers, pubescent, arranged in pairs or singly on bent pedicels, reaching a size of 5-30 cm, are often not at the tips, but at the base of the shoots. Depending on the species, the flowers are variegated or monochromatic with their specific fetid odor.
Air temperature and lighting
In the warm season it is necessary to maintain the temperature of 22-26 ºC, in the summer it is recommended to take out to the balcony or terrace. In autumn and spring, the plant rests, for wintering the temperature is not higher than 15 ºC. In order for the stems not to stretch, not to thin, and the flowering to occur, a bright light with the obligatory daily sunbathing is necessary, only on the hottest days it is worth protecting from the midday scorching sun, which is dangerous with burns. Choose a place for a flower on the eastern or western window-sills.
How to water
As a succulent, staples do not need abundant watering or spraying. The excess of moisture contributes to the appearance of fungal infections that cause rotting: the leaves of the slipway become soft, turn yellow and die. When planting, it is necessary to put a drainage layer on the bottom of the pot - crushed expanded clay, ceramic shards or small pebbles to eliminate stagnant water in the roots. Irrigation scheme: February-September - no more than once a week, October-November - strictly once a month, December-January - do not water at all.
- In the summer, twice a month, you can feed a mixture of fertilizers for cacti and succulents.
- Potash fertilizers in the fall will strengthen the immunity to disease and prepare for the cold period.
- Feeding is not required in winter.
Transplanting the stocks
Since the plant grows rapidly in width, it is worth replanting young stocks in the spring, more adults need to transplant once every 2-3 years, when transplanting it is worth removing outdated shoots from the center of the flower, which bloom is unlikely. For perennial plants, it is enough to replace the top layer of soil with a new one once a year, also remove old shoots.
The root system is underdeveloped, so take not a deep pot, the third part of which should be taken by the drainage laid on the bottom, the rest of the place is for earth mixes: 2 parts of turfy ground + 1 part of coarse sand, or buy land for succulents and add charcoal. Before planting, the ground should be steamed, after transplanting a couple of days the plant does not water.
Why does not bloom staple and how to make it bloom
Wintering in the warmth, lack of lighting, frequent abundant watering, inappropriate fertilizer composition, their overabundance or deficiency can cause the lack of flowering. What you need to stapelia bloomed? Carefully follow the rules of care:
- In the summer and spring, water should be watered when the earth dries to the bottom of the pot, from October - watering once a month, December-January - do not water at all
- the rest period should take place only in the cool (no higher than 15 ºC)
- Do not abuse fertilizers, especially nitrogenous ones.
- soil for the stocks must contain sand
- sufficient lighting is necessary (with a lack of light, the stems may turn yellow at the base - cut off, they can be used as cuttings)
Adhering to these conditions, be sure to get a gorgeous bloom of a wonderful succulent.
"Fragrant" bloom of exotic beauty
How blooms stapleia photo
Your nose is sure to consider the beginning of the bloom of the stocks. The repulsive smell phenomenon is caused by the fact that in the natural environment the fall flies, adoring these smells, act as pollinating insects. The only exception is the flavo-purpurea stapelia from Namibia, exuding a wax scent.
During the flowering period (about 2 weeks), you can take out the plant on the balcony, so that the fetid smell would stop following you. The charming beauty of flowering captivates flower growers, and they with particular fervor want to make the slipway bloom, because such a miracle is not often seen. By the way, often that the stapelia stinks like foul meat, flower growers will find out having scoured the whole apartment in search of the source of the stench. And just remembering that it is time to water the flower, they discover that it is he who is responsible for the terrible aroma.
Pests and diseases of the stocks
Problems in the care of the stocks arise from excess moisture - observe the correct mode of watering and will not be familiar with the troubles. Against spider mites, aphids and mealybugs insecticides are used, sold in any flower shop. In general, living in Spartan conditions in the natural environment, the stapelia are extremely resistant to diseases and pests.
For any problems in the care you need to urgently respond, preventing the spread of the disease. Diseased and rotted shoots are removed, the plant is freed from the old earth and transplanted into fresh soil, previously disinfecting the pot. After transplantation, the flower can be treated with phytosporin biofungicide.
Growing the stocks of seeds
Staples Seeds photo What are the fruits of the staples
To harvest seeds, it is necessary to wait for the fruit to ripen for over a year. Seeds are sown in bowls in a light sandy soil, waiting for seedlings for 3-4 weeks. Stacks grows slowly, so you need to be patient and try not to be zealous with watering: the ground should be only slightly damp, but not wet.
Shoots of the stocks of 4 months photo
Grown up seedlings dive into separate cups, using the soil, as for cuttings. A year later, using the method of transshipment, transplanted into pots more spacious.
Types of stocks with photos and descriptions
All types of stocks are unique in their own way - flowering is fascinating, and not only enchants florist lovers. It produces succulent after flowering interesting fruit, something similar to the horns. Gradually they grow, lengthening, and after a long time razluschivayutsya in half. Inside the seeds are collected with fluff, which, released outside, become a fabulous decoration. In nature, the seeds will immediately spread the wind, but for some time we can admire an amazing phenomenon, which happens every few years under favorable conditions.
Star-type star-shaped Stapelia asterias Masson
Stapelia star-shaped Stapelia asterias Masson photo
Reaches a height of up to 20 cm, reddish shoots with obtuse edges are covered with fine teeth. The long pedicle extending from the base of the shoot ends with a red-brown flower with thin stripes of yellow color, it is also covered with pinkish thick hairs. In shiny staples, star-shaped varieties, yellow stripes are absent.
Stapelia giant Stapelia gigantea
Stapelia giant bloom Stapelia gigantea photo
A perennial succulent with strong upright shoots 20 cm high, 3 cm thick, obtuse faces with sparse small teeth. The flower is huge - about 35 cm in diameter, located on a long pedicle, the petals are triangular, elongated and pointed, slightly bent. Light yellow flower, covered with red thick villi, the edges are decorated with long hairs of white. Feature - the aroma of this species is weak.
Stapelia variegated or variegata Stapelia variegata
Stapelia variegated or variegata bloom Stapelia variegata
Only 10 cm high, the shoots are green, sometimes reddish, blunt edges, covered with teeth. Flowers - one and up to 5 pcs. — расположены у основания побегов.Yellow petals of ovate-pointed form are smooth on the outside, inside they are wrinkled, painted with brown stripes or asymmetrical spots, blooms in summer.
Stapelia feruliferous or grandiflora grandiflora Stapelia glanduliflora Masson
Stapelia Grandiflora Stapelia glanduliflora Masson Blossom Photo
Up to 15 cm in height, shoots straight about 3 cm in thickness, pterygoid with small sparse teeth. On long pedicels there are 1-3 greenish-yellow flowers, decorated with light pink stripes and spots, the edges are slightly bent, numerous colorless hairs completely cover the flower.
Stapelia golden-purple Stapelia flavopurpurea
Stapelia golden-purple Stapelia flavopurpurea flowering photo
It reaches a height of 10 cm, with green, rarely purple shoots, blunt faces, covered with teeth. One or three flowers are located on the tops of the shoots, the petals are triangular, egg-shaped, the edges are pointed, bent strongly. Outside they are light yellow, bare and smooth, inside are golden yellow, occasionally burgundy, covered with wrinkles, have a pleasant aroma of wax.
Stapelia changeable Stapelia mutabilis
Stapelia changeable Stapelia mutabilis bloom photo
Has bare shoots reaching 15 cm in height, covered with teeth looking up. Long pedicels are crowned with a flower with triangular-ovoid petals with cilia along the edges, the color is yellow-green, the tips are brownish, all covered with dots, transverse stripes.
How she looks like?
A representative of the family of good. A close relative of hoya. Many take it for a cactus - they are not a stapelia. This is a stem leafless succulent. Stems numerous, tetrahedral. Typical branching at the base. Moisture builds up in the stems, photosynthesis proceeds. On the edges of large teeth with a smooth surface. Shades are different - there are pure green, with a bluish or purple hue.
At the base of the stems, sometimes single flowers or clusters of flowers bloom on top of the stem. Pedicels faded, long, with pubescence. Flowers of the correct form - a five-pointed star. The petals are dense, the coloring and the surface are fancy - they are covered with hairs, grooves. In appearance, flowers are often compared with carnivores.
Important! If you are going to start a slipway, please note that she has a very unpleasant smell. The stench serves as bait for flies. In the period when the stapelia blooms, one cannot do without a mosquito net.
The genus of stocks contains 56 species. Most of them are grown in apartments. Despite the unpleasant smell, the plant attracts flower growers with an interesting, very decorative appearance.
- Stapelia grandiflora. Perennial. Stems have four facets. Characterized by branching from the base. Flowering occurs in the summer. The flower is shaped like a starfish. The color is burgundy or purple, with silver hairs pubescent. The smell is mild. Another name is Grandiflora stapelia.
- Stapelia giant. Massive plant with powerful shoots. Features - the presence of vertical grooves and the largest flowers among all known varieties. The color of the flower is cream with a yellowish tinge and numerous strokes of burgundy color. The tips of the petals are narrowed and twisted into a spiral. The “fragrance” of a flower is often compared to rotten meat.
- Stapelia variegated. Stems are round, saturated green color. The ribs are smoothed; hooked teeth are arranged along them. Flowering occurs in the summer. The color is creamy, yellow with dark maroon or brownish spots. Corolla flat with a protruding ring in the middle. Petals of the triangular form. The smell is strong, unpleasant.
- Stapleia star-shaped. Shoots have four sides, low (up to 20 cm). Greenish skin with purple stains of varying intensity. The surface is smooth. Flowers are localized at the base of the shoots one by one or in groups of up to 3 pieces. Pedicels thin, elongated. Petals of flowers are glossy, with a hilly surface. Along the lateral edges of the villi grow. Coloring - warm red and yellow shades.
The plant is not very demanding on the growing conditions. Adapts to many adverse factors. Competent care is aimed at improving the ornamentation and regular flowering.
- Lighting. The most intensive growth with full coverage. The best option is a glazed balcony on the west or east side. They do not put in direct sun - fleshy stems quickly burns. If stapelia first stood in a shaded place, accustom gradually to bright light.
- Temperature. In the summer it loves warm - 22-26 ° C. In the fall, the temperature of the content is reduced to 16 degrees, in winter to 12-14 ° C.
- Watering. As the soil dries. Adhere to common schemes for succulents. In the summer they water plentifully, in the fall - moderately, in the winter - watering practically stops. The need for watering in winter is determined by the state of the plant. Wrinkling shoots speaks of a lack of moisture. The interval between irrigation depends on the temperature in the room. In the heat of the earth dries faster - and therefore watered more often.
- Humidity. Humidity does not attach much importance. In spraying stapelia does not need. It is good to periodically wipe the stems with a damp sponge.
- Feeding. Use mineral fertilizers for cacti. Preference is given to drugs with a high content of potassium. It increases plant resistance to diseases.
- Transfer. Until the age of three annually. Then - once in 3 years. Older plants are content with changing topsoil. Simultaneously with the replacement of the soil, they are rejuvenated by cutting out the old central shoots. One third of the pot volume is filled with drainage. The root system is poorly developed - preference is given to small, wide pots. The first time after transplantation is not watered - it improves the adaptation.
- The soil. When using ready-made mixtures for succulents, crushed charcoal is added. Self prepare a mixture of sod and coarse sand. Turf in the composition prevails.
Tip! Often, novice growers complain about the lack of flowering. Various reasons can inhibit flowering - low light, warm wintering, excessive watering, unsuitable fertilizers. Carefully read the rules of care, and you will find your mistake!
Lighting and location
Regardless of the species, stapelia needs diffused soft lighting. A pot with a plant can be placed on the sunny side, but priten from exposure to sunlight, which can cause burns on the shoots.
In summertime, the stocks can be kept on the open balcony or in the garden, without forgetting about protection from direct sunlight. The best place for a flower will be the eastern or western windows.
Watering plants and moisture
Staplelia do not require abundant watering and additional spraying. Caring for a plant at home should eliminate frequent watering and stagnation of moisture, since this leads to the development of fungal diseases and plant death.
To avoid stagnation of excess water, it is necessary to put a drainage layer when planting a plant in a pot. As a drainage, you can use shards, expanded clay or small pebbles.
Water stapelia should be once every two weeks in the summer, and with the onset of autumn, the frequency of watering can be reduced to once a month.
Stapleia needs regular fertilizing with mineral fertilizers. For these purposes, suitable fertilizers for cacti and succulents, which can be purchased in specialized stores.
Feeding plants at home is carried out in a period of intensive growth of the plant. It is recommended to apply fertilizer in the summer once in 15 days. To increase the resistance of the flower to diseases, it is necessary to periodically make potash fertilizers.