01/26/2018 1,850 views
Broiler chickens are one of the most popular birds in the household. Is it possible to use broilers not only for meat, but also for eggs? Let's see what are the features of the egg production of this breed and what difficulties a breeder can face.
Broilers are an artificially bred breed of domestic chickens, the main purpose of which is to gain weight quickly. This meat variety was first obtained in the 30s of the last century, and mass breeding began in the 60s. The first broiler chickens turned out as a result of crossing the male Pornmouth Cornish and female white, but later meat breeds were added to the crosses: New Hampshire, Langshan, Brahma. For many razvodchiki special interest is the question, when broiler chickens start to lay eggs? After all, the breed was originally meat and is not intended for eggs.
Features of ripening chicken broilers
The main goal of this poultry is to gain mass as soon as possible and to please the host with the weight of the carcass. Active growth begins in the first weeks of life and reaches 2 kilograms by one and a half months. If the breeder complied with all the conditions for proper preparation of the ration, the bird received a sufficient amount of nutrients and trace elements, there was unlimited access to water, then at the time of slaughter you can get a carcass weighing up to 4 kilograms.
Let's figure it out, when does the broiler chicken at home start flying? Unlike laying hens, in which the egg production begins at 5 months, in broilers, puberty begins much later. The first time the chicken begins to rush only to 9-10 months of life, and even later. That is why the owners try to kill the bird in the first few months of life.
Why it happens? Isn't it easier to leave several broilers that will produce the same beef? The thing is that the breed was originally meat and is not intended to be carried. Chickens do not hatch, they die in the bud. With a successful set of circumstances, if the young grow to hatch, then such offspring is not viable, it will die in the first weeks of life. Trying to breed broilers in this way is useless, because the new generation, if it survives, will not have those meat characteristics for which these chickens are so appreciated. This is because the main characteristics of broiler chicken are not dominant.
If you decide to breed broilers, then it is best to get already bred chickens from a trusted supplier. You can purchase hatching eggs and place them in an incubator. It is not recommended to withdraw broilers from poultry already existing in the household at home. In order to get a meat breed, crossing must be made several times:
- the first stage is getting offspring from meat, meat and egg breed,
- the second stage is the mixing of this offspring with meat chicken. Only after that will the broiler that we used to see will turn out.
Characteristics of broiler eggs
You do not need to be an expert to distinguish an egg that has been laid down by a broiler. Usually it is larger than usual, the shell has a bright brown or cream color. Weight about 60-65 grams. If you have ever seen eggs with two yolks, be sure they were laid by a broiler chicken.
Such products can be safely eaten, in their nutritional characteristics of the eggs are not inferior to those produced by layers. But it’s useless to put them under the hen to incubate, the chicken is more likely not to hatch.
A not very profitable solution is to leave several broilers to produce such large and unusual eggs. Broiler chickens rarely rush; a single individual will be able to produce about 2-3 pieces per week. In a year, a broiler will lay less eggs than a hen in a couple of months. It is much more profitable to use such a chicken for its intended purpose - for meat.
Besides the fact that broilers give unsustainable offspring, the laying of eggs can destroy the chicken itself. Here are a few physiological factors that suggest that this breed is not intended for the production of eggs:
- weight gain continues throughout life,
- the chicken oviduct is compressed due to overweight and decreases in diameter,
- a broiler egg is too large and can get stuck in the oviduct.
A chicken can die if it does not get rid of it. How does the master understand that it is stuck?
- The change in the behavior of the bird is too restless or, conversely, depressed.
- The female eats nothing for several hours.
- The individual refuses to eat.
Whether to let broilers fly or not is the decision of every breeder. But it is worth remembering that initially the breed is not intended for this, therefore, breeding eggs will be fraught with many difficulties and bring less benefits than growing chickens for meat.
Makarov Ivan Vasilyevich
Hereditary poultry farmer, owner of a poultry farm, graduated from St. Petersburg State Agrarian University with honors, the author of articles in specialized publications