Most often, senna can be found wild in the semi-desert and desert regions of Africa, on the banks of the Nile River, in Arabia, Sudan, along the Red Sea coast. Since 1941 It is cultivated in Central Asia, as well as in Sudan, India, Pakistan and Egypt. In Russia, the Alexandrian leaf does not grow in the wild.
Propagation of medicinal plants
Plant reproduction occurs with the help of seeds. To do this, they are soaked in warm water for a day, then land in the ground. Senna sown in late April - early May.
Collecting and storing the Alexandria sheet
The collection of the leaves of the plant is made only when they are fully developed. They are cut off from the stem and dried in ventilated rooms or specially equipped dryers. The collection of raw materials produced even with wild species of senna. The fruits of Alexandrian grass are harvested after they are fully ripe. Due to the fact that they look very similar to the leaves and in the olden days were used by women in labor, the fruits have the second name “mother leaf”. The Alexandrian leaf (leaves of the twin-leaved leaves), but sometimes Alexandria pods (senna fruits) are used mainly for treatment. The leaves have a faint odor, and 10% of the infusion of them has a bitter taste. During one season leaves can be collected up to three times. The first collection is made in August, then after 1-1, 5 months and the last time before frosts, but on condition that the leaves have time to grow. Do not store harvested raw materials for more than 2 years.
The chemical composition of senna
The following substances were found in senna leaves: chrysophanic acid, phytosterols, flavonoids, organic acids, resins, antraglycosides, traces of alkaloids, anthro derivatives, emodins (aloe, rein, emodin). The main substance of the Alexandrian leaf, which has a laxative effect, is considered to be antraglikozid.
Useful properties of senna
One of the most powerful laxatives recognized senna leaves, which are part of a variety of laxative fees. The fruits of medicinal plants have the same effect on the human body, but more mild. Tea brewed from the fruits and leaves of the Alexandrian leaf, and today is often taken for constipation. But it should be remembered that long-term use of laxatives, including those of plant origin, is dangerous to your health, since intestinal irritation occurs, which in turn entails the loss of salts needed by the body. Alexandria leaf is used as a laxative for the following diseases: with constipation during pregnancy, with chronic constipation, with anal fissures, with hemorrhoids, with chronic colitis, to restore bowel function, with diseases of the gallbladder and liver.
Chinese doctors use the Alexandria leaf for edema, glaucoma, oligomenorrhea and constipation. Senna is used externally for skin diseases, pyoderma and conjunctivitis.
The use of the Alexandrian sheet
Preparations from this plant are used as a laxative. Senna, unlike other means, provides regular stool. Positively, this plant also affects liver functions such as antitoxic and biliary secretion. In surgery, the Alexandrian leaf is used before and after operations involving the large intestine, since the plant does not cause irritation. In pharmacies senna can be found in the form of tablets (dry senna extract) and in the form of water infusion from the leaves. Also, this plant is part of the Viennese drink (senna complex infusion), tea laxative, licorice powder, anti-hemorrhoidal collection.
In homeopathy, the therapeutic properties of senna are used as a laxative, which improves the functioning of the colon and has a diuretic effect.
- Infusion of the Alexandrian sheet.
The first method: to make senna grass (1 tablespoon), pour boiling water (1 cup), leave for 3-4 hours. Strained infusion taken in small sips before bedtime.
The second way: chopped senna leaves (1 tablespoon) pour water (1 cup) and leave overnight. In the morning, filter and take as a laxative.
Crushed leaves of a plant pour water at room temperature in a ratio of 1:10, boil for 15 minutes. Let stand 45-60 minutes, filter and drink 1 tablespoon 1-3 times a day.
For the treatment of hemorrhoids, tea is prepared as follows: Senna leaves are mixed (1 tablespoon), licorice root (1 tablespoon), yarrow herb (1 tablespoon), coriander fruits (1 tablespoon) and buckthorn bark (1 tablespoon). 1 tablespoon of the mixture poured a glass of boiling water and let it brew for 20 minutes. The filtered tea is taken in a ½-1 glass for the night.
With persistent constipation in homeopathy, this mixture is prepared: dried apricots (250 g), figs (250 g), seedless prunes (250 g) are thoroughly washed with boiled cold water, doused with hot boiling water and passed through a meat grinder. Finely chopped senna is added to this mixture, everything is thoroughly mixed. Consume inward 1 tablespoon with a glass of water.
You should not take drugs from senna during pregnancy, with lactation, with inflammation of the intestine. It should be alternated with other laxative drugs to avoid addiction.
Now you know everything about the healing properties of senna - Alexandrian herb will help you to gain health.
Properties and recipe for tea from Alexandria leaf
Alexandria leaf contains a large number of useful components: antraglycosides, flavonoids, resinous substances, mucus, macronutrients, trace elements and other biological substances, thanks to which senna has been used in chronic constipation, anal fissures, hemorrhoids. And the main advantage was a mild laxative and diuretic effect.
Sufferers of these symptoms should drink tea from cassia. Pharmacies sell special packaged leaf powder. The therapeutic effect of the drink is noticeable after half a day, but the final result occurs on the 3rd day after ingestion.
Instructions for making senna tea for the treatment of constipation, cracks and hemorrhoids:
- take one or two sachets of powder,
- brew them in a cup of boiled water,
- let tea infuse for about 20 minutes (best until complete cooling),
- strain infused drink.
The best time to receive tea with hay for weight loss is in the morning, before breakfast. Drinking before bed is also appropriate, but only after dinner.
The treatment time is 2-3 weeks, if no negative effect is observed. After the restoration of the bowels, it is necessary to interrupt the use of tea in order to avoid undesirable side effects.
Some note the significant effect of senna on digestion and appetite. It is also sometimes used to treat skin diseases, improve vision and relieve headaches.
And that is not all. Cassia can be used as a cosmetic. It acts like henna, makes hair thicker, obedient and soft. Rubbing the face with this herb removes the harmful effects of the sun and wind.
Despite the benefits, senna can be harmful to the body. Excessive and long-term use disrupts the bowels, it ceases to function without external replenishment. And frequent emptying carries with it nutrients or unprocessed food residues, which has a detrimental effect on health.
Senna Alexandria as a means to lose weight
Cassia gives excellent results when used as a laxative drug. But the benefits of plants are not limited to this. Nowadays senna leaves are increasingly being used for weight loss. What was the reason for this?
It all comes down to the fact that the plant perfectly cleans the intestines from substances harmful to the body, namely, toxins and toxins. In addition, it helps prevent the accumulation of fat in the intestinal walls and even improves its motor function.
For weight loss, senna is usually used in addition to other plants. It goes well with mint and chamomile. From the mixture of herbs made infusions, decoctions and teas. The latter can be purchased ready-made at a pharmacy or prepared on their own, adding honey if desired.
In addition, traditional medicine offers the Alexandria sheet in the form of tablets. Daily rate does not exceed 4 pieces. Drink should be a couple of hours after the last meal. It is best to take a prescription approved by a gastroenterologist. Non-compliance with the formulation leads to complications in the body, because the drug in tablets is contained in a concentrated form.
Final result depends largely on the dosage and individual tolerance of the active ingredient. Some are small enough to lose hateful kilograms, and some are missing several times more. The duration of the application also does not guarantee. One thing is known that the greater your weight, the more likely you will lose weight. If senna gives a positive result, then the dropped mass can reach up to 2 kg per week.
There are many recipes for losing weight with this herb. But one of the easiest and most affordable is infusion of senna leaves:
- you need to take ONE tablespoon of herbs,
- pour boiled water over the glass,
- let it brew for 3-4 hours
- Slowly drink before bedtime.
Apply this solution for a week (starting with a third of a glass) and follow the response of the body. If pain is observed, the dosage should be reduced. If the reaction is good, gradually increase the amount of fluid you drink to use a full glass on the last day of the intake.
As noted, the Alexandrian sheet has many virtues. But before applying it is worth familiarizing with the limitations. The use of senna is contraindicated for pregnant women, children (up to 12 years) and nursing mothers. It should not be used with hypersensitivity to the components, intestinal obstruction, cystitis, hernia, diseases of the abdominal organs. One of the serious drawbacks of senna leaves is considered addictive, so it is recommended to alternate with other laxatives and slimming products.
Side effectsusually cause allergies, pain and bloating in the stomach. With prolonged use, colitis is possible. The occurrence of diarrhea can talk about overdose.
Sure to consult with your doctor when dealing with the above diseases or wanting to get a slim figure.
Application and healing properties
It is a mild laxative that mainly affects the work of the colon, has a diuretic effect. It is used for atonic constipation, chronic colitis, hemorrhoids. Alexandria leaf prescribed for constipation pregnant. Even with prolonged use does not irritate the intestinal mucosa.
1 tablespoon of crushed leaves is poured with 1 glass of water, simmering for 15 minutes, topped up to the original volume. Drink 1-2 tablespoons 3-4 times a day or 1/2 cup at night. The laxative effect appears 7-10 hours after administration.
Homeopathic Senna 3x, 3, 6 is prescribed for asthenic condition, accompanied by urine acid diathesis, as well as for chronic colitis.
The manufacture of drugs and the use of senna
As a laxative, most often, used water infusion of Alexandrian leaf - 10 grams of dry grass senna per 150 ml of water - aged for 6 hours. In the infusion, you can add rhubarb syrup - two tbsp. spoons (30 grams). Infusion taken in the morning and evening, before bedtime, and 1 tablespoon.
From the herb of the senna of Alexandria they prepare a Viennese drink, effective as a mild laxative. Dosage: 1-3 tbsp. spoons for adults, 1-3 tsp for children, according to age. After the Viennese drink, the urine may turn red due to the presence of the Alexandrian leaf.
Hemorrhoids, as a laxative, it is recommended a complex powder of the Alexandrian leaf and licorice root:
- Alexandria sheet - 2 parts,
- Licorice root - 2 parts,
- Dill seed powder - 1 part,
- Purified sulfur - 1 part,
- Sugar - 4 parts.
All components are ground to a greenish-yellow powder. Powder consumed in the morning on an empty stomach, diluted with water. Dosage: half a teaspoon for adults, ¼ teaspoon for children.
Laxative tea number 2 You can buy in pharmacies, it also includes the Alexandrian sheet. The composition of the laxative tea number 2:
- 3 parts - Alexandrian senna,
- 2 parts - buckthorn bark,
- 2 parts - fruits of Zhoster,
- 1 part - anise seeds,
- 1 part - licorice root.
Laxative tea is prepared as follows: 1 tbsp. a spoonful of herbal mixture is boiled in a glass of boiling water and infused for 30 minutes. Take at bedtime, at night, at one time.
Senna for weight loss
Alexandria leaf is often used for weight loss, while dealing with obesity and overweight. Along the way, drugs from senna excrete toxins and toxins, fecal deposits.
Laxative Senna tea enhances intestinal peristalsis, stimulates motility and reduces the rate of absorption of fat from food. Food residues are gently and painlessly removed from the intestines, so weight loss is safe and effective, the work of the gastrointestinal tract is normalized.
When losing weight, the main thing is not to overdo it with laxatives, because overdose causes irritation of the mucous membrane of the stomach and intestines, spasms and dystrophy of the intestine.
Literary source: A.P. Popov. Medicinal plants in folk medicine, 1960
The plant in our zone does not overwinter, but as a pot plant for the summer for the garden or patio, it looks very good. In addition, the leaves can be collected for further use. To do this, sow seeds of 2-3 seeds in separate pots in March and after emergence of seedlings leave in each pot 1 the strongest plant. Small seedlings tolerate transplantation well, but with age and the development of the taproot, they transplant worse and worse. In the future, you can simply transfer into larger pots. And you can land in late May in open ground and grow as an annual plant. Senna blooms until late autumn.
The leaves of senolica contain up to 3% sennozidov, which belong to the antraglycosides, as well as substances that are found in other laxative plants (gluco-aloe-emodin, glucorein). In addition, the leaves contain flavonoids (flavonols isorhamnetin, kaempferol) and resinous substances. Slightly less antraglycosides found in beans. The content of antraglycosides in the leaves of cassia narrow-leaved reaches 3.77%, in fruits - 4.6% .. It is rather interesting that senna holly accumulates selenium, while the close appearance of senna narrow-leaved does not manifest this ability.
Sennozidy act as an irritant to the intestinal wall, enhancing peristalsis. Antraglycosides are resistant both to digestion of acid in the stomach, and to enzymatic digestion in the small intestine due to the beta-glycosidic bond characteristic of dietary fiber. Once in the large intestine, where intestinal bacteria (a kind of bifidobacteria) decompose sennosides and release a free reinanthron, which begins to act in the large intestine. Another mechanism of the laxative effect is to stimulate the secretion of electrolytes in the intestine and limit water absorption in the large intestine, which, in turn, leads to a liquefaction of the stool.
In principle, the tool is harmless. But in some drugs senna cause discomfort and spastic pain. This may be due to improper cooking of the decoction. After cooking, the broth should immediately drain and remove the leaves. This is due to the fact that with a prolonged presence of raw materials in the solution, resins with a strong irritant effect begin to fall there. That they cause discomfort.
Senna is used as a laxative for intestinal atony, habitual constipation, in hemorrhoidal collections, as well as in diseases of the liver and gall bladder.
Recipes for the preparation of drugs from senna
Senna leaves are prepared in the form of cold or hot infusion. In the preparation of cold infusion, crushed leaves (2 g) are poured with a glass of boiled water at room temperature and left overnight. In the morning filter and take as a laxative. When preparing a hot infusion, 1 tablespoon of leaves is poured with boiling water, heated in a water bath for 15 minutes, infused for 45 minutes, filtered and taken in 1 tablespoon 1-3 times a day.
To get rid of the resin, you need to filter the infusion through a fine sieve. There is practically no tar in fruits, so their action is more gentle. In recommended doses, senna is safe, but its use requires compliance with certain rules. Senna is usually taken for a short time, as needed. Но в качестве постоянно принимаемого средства она непригодна, использование препаратов сенны не должно превышать 1, максимум 2 недели.
Её препараты влияют на калиевый обмен и людям, принимающим сердечные препараты нужно об этом помнить.
Сенна противопоказана людям с аллергией на антрахиноны. Such allergies are very rare and are usually limited to dermatological reactions in the form of redness and itching.
In case of overdose, taking senna and its preparations can provoke not only pain in the intestines, but also nausea and vomiting.
But there are a number of diseases in which this remedy is contraindicated, in particular with intestinal obstruction, acute intestinal inflammation (for example, Crohn's disease), ulcerative colitis. For any pain in the abdomen of unknown origin, it is better to refrain from taking senna. In addition, Senna is contraindicated during pregnancy, due to the fact that it can provoke a miscarriage, as well as a number of authors indicate a mutagenic effect. In addition, when taking senna drugs by nursing mothers, the presence of active substances is found in the milk, which makes it undesirable in this period of life.
Currently, there are many drugs based on active ingredients senna. Unlike raw materials, they are strictly standardized by active ingredients and therefore there will be no problems with choosing the right dosage.
In ethnomedicine, senna is used in very different diseases: in case of helminthic invasions, as a cleansing organism, to eliminate toxins. Senna anthraquinones have been found to suppress staphylococcus and E. coli.
Before us is a shrub belonging to the legume family. It is a small sprawling plant, which in nature grows no more than 1 m in height, and during cultivation it can reach 2 meters.
Senna has a taproot on which a small number of side roots are formed. The root system is quite long, which allows the plant to obtain moisture at a considerable depth. Did you know?Title“Senna” is of Arabic origin, it is the most ancient, and the plant received “Egyptian” names in Russia, since it was imported from this African state. As for the stem, it is upright, has a large number of shoots, because of which it forms a thick bush. The branches are arranged alternately, they form small, pointed ovoid leaves.
Since the plant belongs to the legume, the fruit is a multi-seed bean, which has a length of about 5.5 cm. It is painted brown.
Collection and storage
In nature, shrubs can be found exclusively in African and Asian deserts. It is cultivated in India, Pakistan, Kazakhstan and Turkmenistan.
If valuable raw materials cannot be collected, it means that you need to grow it yourself. The shrub is propagated by seeds, which are pre-soaked, and then planted in late spring. The legume family includes both valuable economic, technical, fodder, and very decorative, even poisonous plants - chickpeas, soybeans, clover, clitoris, black beans, red, white, asparagus, peas, sweet peas, dolichos, broomsticks, legumes, peanuts, beans, mouse peas, acacia, chertsis, vetch, lupine, alfalfa. For medicinal purposes, both leaves and fruits are used. In this case, preference is given to sheet plates, since the spectrum of their application is wider. The collection of leaves begins at the moment when they are fully formed.
It does not make sense to collect young leaves, as they contain less of the substances we need. Fruits should also be harvested after full maturity, when they turn dark brown.
Dry the raw materials exclusively under canopies that are well ventilated. During drying, you need to regularly flip the leaf plates so that they dry out faster and also do not start to scream.
It is better to store dried leaves and fruits in paper or cloth bags, but it should be remembered that the product should not get moisture, so this storage option is acceptable only if the room is kept at low humidity. If this cannot be achieved, then use glass jars with silicone lids.
Important!The shelf life of the dry product is 2 years.
If it seems to you that cucumber with milk is a strong laxative, then you did not use senna leaves, which are part of many laxative preparations. Fruits are also not devoid of this property, but it is not as strong as that of leaf plates.
The point is that when released into the intestine, the substances contained in the foliage and fruits irritate the mucous membrane, which is why such an effect occurs.
In a small amount, the product improves digestion and also causes appetite. In eastern medicine, senna is used to treat conjunctivitis, glaucoma, and skin diseases. In official medicine, it is also prescribed in its pure form with anal fissures or hemorrhoids. The blackthorn, avran medicinal, fig, almond, pumpkin, sedge, laconosa, laminaria, beet, guar gum, horse sorrel, beet tops, stems of purple, gooseberry, agave, milkweed have a laxative effect. The plant is part of the majority of fees for weight loss. This is due to the fact that the product removes all fecal matter from the body, and also removes toxins. Such an action helps the digestive system to organize its work, after which the metabolism is accelerated, and excess weight gradually disappears.
Treatment of gout, joint pain, epilepsy, headaches
For this recipe, you need to take fresh leaves (200 g), then grind them and pour 1 liter of Cahors, or use similar red wine. The mixture is poured into a suitable vessel, after which it is placed in a dark place for 20 days. Shake the vessel once a week.
After 3 weeks, the mixture is filtered and poured into a convenient container. Should take 50 g three times a day half an hour before meals. If you have problems with the stomach, then be sure to first consult your doctor.
Important!It is necessary to use the wine, not the wine drink. This difference is indicated on the label.
With chronic constipation
Consider the simplest option that does not require additional time. Take 1 tbsp. l without a hill of well-crushed dry or fresh leaves, pour 200 ml of boiled water at room temperature, then leave for 8-10 hours to infuse.
After that we filter and drink all the volume. If the problem with constipation is not solved, then the technique is repeated again.
For making tea you need a lot of ingredients, so if you need a laxative, then it is better to use the previous recipe.
We take senna leaves, buckthorn bark, Zhoster berries, anise fruits and licorice root in a ratio of 3: 2: 2: 1: 1. Fill the mixture with boiling water, and then insist a few minutes. It is advisable to use tea slightly warm or cold, so as not to cause spasms.
Did you know?In ancient times, senna was used in sacrifices and incenses to the gods.
In this case, herbal collection is used, it requires cinnamon rose hips, dried marsh, hung birch leaves, peppermint, seeds of sown carrots, Eleutherococcus prickly roots, senna fruits or leaves, kidney tea, roots of large burdock.
For the infusion, 15 mg of wild rose, 10 mg of dried cumin, birch, peppermint and carrot are taken. 15 mg of Eleutherococcus is added, as well as 10 mg of senna, kidney tea, and burdock. All this composition is filled with a liter of water and infused day. Filter and take 1/3 cup (200 ml) three times a day after meals.
Spastic Colitis Treatment
For the present you need the following:
- pharmacy chamomile,
- fennel fruits,
- caraway fruit
- alder seedlings,
- Althea roots,
- Hypericum grass,
- plantain leaves,
- immortelle flowers sandy,
- senna leaves or fruits.
Each ingredient take 10 mg. Fill all with a liter of water, and then insist day. Should be taken cold 100 ml three times a day after meals.
To prepare an infusion for weight loss is very simple. It is enough to take a tablespoon of chopped herbs, pour 200 ml of boiling water, and then insist about 4 hours. Next, you need to strain and cool the drink.
Should be taken in small sips before bedtime. If a laxative effect is clearly manifested, the dose should be reduced.
Important!This tool has a choleretic effect.