The main reasons that many poultry farmers take to grow turkeys are the taste of the meat of these birds, as well as their omnipotence and activity in weight gain. Thanks to these features, the popularity of growing large poultry is growing more and more. But this does not mean that everything happens by itself. It is very important to monitor the feeding of turkey poults at home in order to get the maximum productivity of the herd. In parallel with this, you need to provide good care. This means that you should advance in the preparation of the diet, which would include carbohydrates, fats, proteins, vitamins and essential for the proper development of microelements. It is very important to understand how to feed the poults, and how this feed differs from the one that adult poultry should receive.
Many beginning poultry farmers have various difficulties with feeding turkey poults. In fact, everything is not so difficult, it will be easy to provide the necessary care even for beginners. It is only necessary to scatter the food on the paper so that the turkey does not injure its tender beaks on any hard surface. Do not forget that the chicks, in addition to feeding, you need the constant presence of warm fresh water.
In the first three days of life, the ideal forage for turkey poults is well boiled porridge from a variety of cereals with the addition of finely chopped boiled eggs, greens and grated carrots. The feeding process takes place every three hours. Small turkey portions are needed small, but they increase over time to reduce the number of meals. When turkeys reach two months of age, they can be fed only four times a day.
On the fourth day after birth, the feed for turkeys changes. Now it is wet mash, cooked in fresh milk, with the obligatory addition of finely chopped greens. By the way, dairy products during the first two months of poultry life are very important, so you can feed babies with yogurt, buttermilk and cottage cheese. It is very important for the formation of the skeleton of a turkey. Also in the daily diet must be present a variety of greens - dandelion, nettle, plantain or alfalfa in order to ensure the rearing of young animals without intestinal diseases.
It is very important to combine proper nutrition with good care so that the growth and development of the bird is active and productive.
Healthy turkey food
If you figure out how to feed the poults, and how to do it correctly, the most difficult stage is over. Now you just need to maintain a given nutritional value, picking up the most nutritious and healthy foods in the poultry diet. For example, before feeding turkeys feed, try to use cereal and cereal feed with a lot of oats and buckwheat. Such feeds cover 70 percent of protein in poultry and are an excellent source of healthy fats. Cake and irreplaceable plants of various plants, as they are rich in amino acids, respectively, contribute to the weight gain of the bird.
It is good to feed adults with blood, meat and bone meal or fish meal, since these products are rich in protein, calcium and phosphorus, without which a healthy existence is impossible. Turkey receives carbohydrates from green fodder - fresh and dry. Preparation of dry food is best done in late summer and early autumn. Well, if in winter the turkey will receive the needles of spruce or pine. This is much better than feeding turkeys with vitamin tablets, since natural needles have a high concentration of vitamin C.
To ensure good digestion of grain feeds, a diet high in fiber, such as chopped greens, hay or straw, must be present in the turkey diet. In order for adult poultry to get the necessary amount of fat, they need to be fed with nuts, acorns, vegetable oil and even lard. Observing such a condition of feeding, you will provide the turkey more tender and juicy meat.
We must not forget that for good development and intensive growth turkeys require a lot of vitamins - A, B, E and N. The main condition for their production is the presence in the feed a large amount of greenery, germinated grain and yeast. If you do not comply with this condition, then the turkey will reduce egg production and the quality of the eggs, and the youth will slow down in growth.
Approximate diet for the day
If the feeding of turkey poults for the most part creates problems only with the constant control of the absorbed feed and the correct amount of it, as well as the selection of ingredients that ensure the health of the turkey, then in adults it is a little different. The main aspect of their feeding is active weight gain. That is why the broiler gets its food, consisting of mash and green, at least four times a day. The main products for weight gain are egg shells, the eggs themselves, dairy products, wheat and oats flour, and feed. One of the conditions for active weight gain is that many poultry farmers recommend feeding at least 280 grams of feed to turkeys in one day, explaining that such food is more balanced than cooked food itself.
The diet of turkey poults (g / day)
An example of a recipe for such feed per day for adult birds is 65.8 percent of corn and wheat grains, 13 percent for sunflower meal, 4 percent for fodder yeast, 3 percent for fish meal, 5 percent grass meal, one percent bone meal. , 3 percent of chalk, 3.7 percent of limestone, half percent of table salt, and one percent of premix.
Also one of the stages of bird care - control goiter. Even a small turkey he should not overflow.
How to feed the poults at home
Turkeys are one of the most massive domestic birds. Their meat has a high content of nutrients and dietary properties. In addition, eggs laid by turkeys, much healthier than chicken. Properly chosen feeding rations and caring for poultry perform the main function for their rearing, which can weigh up to 35-40 kg.
With good feeding turkey can grow up to 40 kg in weight
Food for poults
Feeding turkeys to novice business executives is a bothersome and hard task. However, this is not quite true. The main thing to consider is that the diet of chicks, especially broilers, should include:
- vitamins A, E, B,
- trace elements
- protein components
Proper care and feeding at home will ensure active growth and support the health of the bird. Turkey diet should consist of cereals and beans by 70%. Products containing amino acids (various cakes and meal) should be given to the bird. In addition, for broiler species, animal feed types (bone meal, blood meal) are necessary for them to confidently gain weight.
For small chicks, greens are added to the diet. Sunflower oil, nuts, all provide turkeys stomachs with fats, which improves the quality characteristics of meat. In winter, in the diet, you can enter the needles, hay and straw (for adult birds). At home, the maintenance and feeding of turkey poults requires special attention, especially in the first few days after birth. Feed placed on a flat cloth made of cloth or cardboard, the water should be slightly heated. In the first three days, chicks can be given thoroughly boiled porridge with greens, frayed egg, potatoes. The frequency of feeding broilers - every 3 hours modest, but nutritious portions.
Finely chopped greens should be given to newborn turkey poults.
After the fourth day, the diet can be flavored with fresh herbs, gradually accustoming the chickens to a milk-based mash. Obligatory components of the first 90 days of turkey poults are dairy products and greens. To broiler chicks gain weight, it is desirable to add feed with a high content of protein (28%). Gradually, its share in the menu is reduced.
The presented table shows the approximate diet in the content of poults at home (daily grams by periods of life in days).
A young turkey is gaining weight from the feed
Most poultry farmers advise to feed at least 300 g of the combined feed, since such food is well balanced and helps to ensure that the weight of pets is actively gained. Feeding turkeys can be arranged as follows:
- 65% - grain feed,
- 1% - sunflower cake,
- 4% - special yeast,
- 3% - chalk,
- 3% - finely ground fish meal,
- 5% - herbal grinding,
- 3.5% limestone
- 1% premix
- 1% - bone meal,
- 0.5% is salt.
Turkeys should not only get good food, but also take walks in the fresh air.
Feeding adult birds
How to feed adult turkeys at home can be determined from the list above. Care and maintenance of poultry involves monitoring the state of the goiter. Even in small chicks, it should not be overcrowded.
Compared to other poultry members, feeding turkeys has certain characteristics. The diet of turkeys is formed taking into account the content of a large amount of protein proteins and vitamins. An inactive lifestyle leads to obesity of broiler species, therefore it is not desirable to overfeed them. Periods of food intake in adults are 3 times a day. Basically it is wet mash with the addition of greenery. Evening portion consists of dry grain.
Growing your own feed will significantly save on their purchase. If there is a free area, sow it with barley, oats and greens.
Dry feed in the diet of poultry should be introduced separately, filling them in the feeder as consumption. Raw mash to cook immediately before feeding turkeys. During the breeding rut, the males lose their appetite and eat weakly. In order not to excessively reduce the weight of the bird, it is necessary to feed it with vegetable mixtures, cheese and sprouted grain. Caring for females in the same period involves the addition of yeast, grain, silage, carrots and vitamin B to the food. The presented elements make it possible to improve the egg production of turkeys.
In the summer, turkeys themselves diversify their diet while walking.
In the spring and summer, the cultivation of turkeys at home is facilitated by the availability of a place for walking. On the pasture the bird independently finds greens, insects. At this time, you can do the preparation of feed for the winter. It is recommended to make brooms from birch, poplar, acacia, linden, which are hung in the house so that turkeys can easily reach them. Also crushed branches pour into mash.
In addition to feeding, bird care implies the availability of clean water in drinking bowls. This factor, along with the timely cleaning of the house, will allow intensive gaining weight for broiler turkeys and not getting sick.
Place keeping birds should be dry, without drafts, periodically ventilated and with a temperature not lower than 18 degrees.
In the maintenance and care of broiler breeds should pay attention to the high content of protein and animal fats in feed. Overfeeding turkeys is unacceptable, because a sedentary lifestyle contributes to obesity. Inadequate and inadequate nutrition threatens the bird with weight loss, disease and death.